© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Gallery Text

This small study exemplifies Rembrandt’s ability to evoke, with a few strokes of the pen and brush, the essential topographical features and atmospheric impression of a landscape. The spare lines, interacting with the reserved areas of the lightly toned paper, create a convincing illusion of spatial recession in a vista that encompasses a fence along a road, a farmstead in the middle distance, and flat land stretching to a mill on the horizon. Rembrandt used both pen and brush, although primarily the brush, even in many of the finer lines. The drawing has been described as a winter scene, but this is not certain. The impression of snow-covered roofs and fields may be the result of the extensive reserve of unworked paper, by which means Rembrandt intended to capture summarily the appearance of a landscape in bright light. The few trees appear to be in full foliage.

Identification and Creation
Object Number
Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn, Dutch (Leiden 1606 - 1669 Amsterdam)
Landscape with a Farmstead ("Winter Landscape")
Other Titles
Alternate Title: Winter Landscape
Work Type
drawing, album leaf
c. 1650
Physical Descriptions
Brown ink, pale brown wash, and incidental marks in black chalk on cream antique laid paper, prepared with light rose-brown wash, mounted overall, framing line in brown ink
6.7 x 16 cm (2 5/8 x 6 5/16 in.)
framed: 26.7 x 38.1 cm (10 1/2 x 15 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • inscription: mount, verso, lower center, graphite: 225.
  • collector's mark: mount, verso, lower left, black ink stamp: L. 119 (Ambroise Firmin Didot)
  • collector's mark: mount, verso, lower left, black ink stamp: L. 2879 (Freiherr Max von Heyl zu Herrnsheim)
  • watermark: none
Possibly General Antoine-Francois Andreossy (according to Firmin-Didot sale). Ambroise Firmin Didot, Paris (L. 119, mount, verso, lower left) sold; [Paris, Hôtel Drouot, 16 April – 21 May 1877, possibly lot 74, 75, or 78.] Freiherr Max von Heyl zu Herrnsheim, Darmstadt (L. 2879, mount, verso, lower left), sold; [Stuttgart, H. G. Gutekunst, 25-26 May 1903, lot 246, repr.], to [H. G. Gutekunst.] Charles A. Loeser, Florence; Bequest of Charles A. Loeser, 1932.368.

Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Bequest of Charles A. Loeser
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art
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Publication History

Cornelis Hofstede de Groot, Die Handzeichnungen Rembrandts, E. F. Bohn (Haarlem, 1906), cat. no. 1142, p. 259

Frits Lugt, Wandelingen met Rembrandt in en om Amsterdam, P. N. van Kampen & Zoon (Amsterdam, 1915), p. 116, repr. fig. 71

Max Eisler, Rembrandt als Landschafter (Munich, Germany, 1918), pp. 64-65

Corrado Ricci, Rembrandt in Italia, Alfieri & Lacroix (Milan, Italy, 1918), p. 58, repr. p. 65

Frits Lugt, Mit Rembrandt in Amsterdam: Die Darstellung Rembrandts vom Amsterdamer Stadtbilde und von der unmittelbaren Landschaftlichen Umgebung, exh. cat., Bruno Cassirer (Berlin, 1920), p. 113, repr. fig. 71

Frits Lugt, Les Marques de Collections de Dessins et d'Estampes. Marques estampillées et écrites de collections particulières et publiques. . . ., Vereenigde Drukkerijen (Amsterdam, 1921), p. 533

Hans Hell, "Die Spaten Handzeichnungen Rembrandts", Repertorium für Kunstwissenschaft (1930), vol. 51, pp. 4-43, p. 41

Arthur Mayger Hind, Rembrandt Norton Lectures (Cambridge, MA, 1932), p. 111, n. 1

Otto Benesch, Rembrandt Werk und Forschung, Gilhofer & Ranschburg (Vienna, 1935), p. 42

Fogg Art Museum Handbook, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1936), p. 152, repr.

Agnes Mongan and Paul J. Sachs, Drawings in the Fogg Museum of Art, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, 1940), vol. 1, cat. no. 525, pp. 276-77, repr. vol. 2, fig. 272

M.D. Henkel, Tekeningen van Rembrandt en zijn school, Catalogus van de Nederlandse tekeningen in het Rijksmuseum te Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum Amsterdam (The Hague, Netherlands, 1943), under cat. no. 74, pp. 37-8

A Thousand Years of Landscape East and West (Paintings, Drawings, Prints), exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (Boston, 1945), p. 16

A Special Exhibition of Drawings from the Fogg Museum of Art, exh. cat., Speed Memorial Museum (Louisville, KY, 1947), cat. no. 19

Otto Benesch, Rembrandt, Selected Drawings (London and New York, 1947), vol. 1, cat. no. 180, p. 37, repr. vol. 2, fig. 180

Fiftieth Anniversary Exhibition of the Art of Europe during the XVIth - XVIIth Centuries, exh. cat., Worcester Art Museum (1948), cat. no. 51, p. 37, repr. p. 40, fig. 51

H. E. van Gelder, Rembrandt en het landschap, H. J. W. Becht (Amsterdam, 1948), p. 58, repr. p. 49

Felice Stampfle, Landscape Drawings & Water-colors, exh. cat., Pierpont Morgan Library (New York, 1953), cat. no. 67, pp. 9 and 26, repr. pl. IX

An Exhibition of Dutch and Flemish Drawings and Watercolors, checklist, Unpublished (1954), cat. no. 49, p. 12

Sherman E. Lee, Chinese Landscape Painting, exh. cat., Cleveland Museum of Art (Cleveland, OH, 1954), cat. no. 120, pp. 65 and 158, repr. p. 68, fig. 120

Otto Benesch, The Drawings of Rembrandt, Phaidon Press (Oxford, 1954 - 1957), vol. 4, cat. no. 845, p. 221, repr. fig. 993

Agnes Mongan, "The Fogg Art Museum's Collection of Drawings", Harvard Library Bulletin, Harvard University (Cambridge, 1958), vol. 3, no. 2, March, pp. 5-9, p. 201

Felice Stampfle and Egbert Haverkamp-Begemann, Rembrandt Drawings from American Collections, exh. cat., Pierpont Morgan Library (New York, NY, 1960), cat. no. 48, pp. 37-38, repr. pl. 42, fig. 48

Egbert Haverkamp-Begemann, "Rezension: Otto Benesch. The drawings of Rembrandt.", Kunstchronik (1961), vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 10-28; no. 2, pp. 50-57, no. 3, pp. 85-91, p. 57

Antoine Seilern, Paintings and Drawings of the Continental Schools other than Flemish and Italian at Princes Gate London, Shenval Press (London, England, 1961), under no. 200, p. 42

Eleanor C. Munro, The Golden Encyclopedia of Art, Golden Press, Inc. (New York, NY, 1961), p. 197, repr. fig. 3

Bates Lowry, The Visual Experience; An Introduction to Art, Prentice Hall and Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, NY, 1961), p. 62, repr. fig. 32

Ernst W. Watson and Aldren A. Watson, Watson Drawing Book, Reinhold Publishing Co. (New York, NY, 1962), p. 97, repr. p. 96, fig. 148

[Reproduction only], "Wash Drawing", American Artist, (March 1963)., repr. p. 21

A Survey of the Collections, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1964), n.p., repr.

Alice I. Davies, "Rembrandt's Landscape Drawings" (unpublished manuscript, Harvard University, April 1, 1965). Unpublished honors paper under the author's maiden name, Alice G. Ingraham., vol. 1, pp. 45-46 and 50, repr. vol. 2, fig. 39

Daniel M. Mendelowitz, Drawing, Holt, Rinehart & Winston (New York, NY, 1967), p. 121, repr. p. 115, fig. 5-13

Paintings, Drawings, and Sculpture from the Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, exh. cat., Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, 1967), n.p.

Eliza Mason Webster, "Die berühmten Graphiksammlungen der Welt (17): Graphik im Fogg Art Museum Cambridge, USA", Westermanns Montshefte, Georg Westermann Verlag (Braunschweig, Germany, December 1968), vol. 109, no. 12, pp. 74-79, p. 79, repr. p. 78, fig. 4

Ernst W. Watson, Art of Pencil Drawing, Watson-Guptill Publications (New York, NY, 1968), p. 132, repr. fig. 92

Pieter Jacobus Johannes van Thiel, Rembrandt 1669/1969, exh. cat. (1969), cat. no. 80, p. 181, repr.

Dr. Vitale Bloch, Rembrandt Today; Two Lectures, by Vitale Bloch. Published on the Occasion of his Seventieth Birthday, Van Gendt and Co. (Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1970), pp. 68 and 70, repr. p. 69

Graham Collier, Form, Space, and Vision: Understanding Art - A discourse on drawing, Prentice-Hall, Inc. (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1972), pp. 27-31, repr. p. 27, fig. 2-2

Henri Dorra, Art in Perspective, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich (New York, 1973), pp. 300-302, repr. p. 301, fig. 21-7

Ursula Kaiser, Das Grosse Ravensburger Buch für Hobby Maler, Otto Mayer Verlag Ravensburg (Berlin, 1973), p. 275

Otto Benesch, The Drawings of Rembrandt [enlarged ed.], Phaidon Press (Oxford, 1973), vol. 4, cat. no. 845, p. 216, repr. fig. 1047

Emma Lila Fundaburk and Thomas G. Davenport, Art at Educational Institutions in the United States, Scarecrow Press (Metuchen, NJ, 1974), p. 70, repr. pl. 16

Daniel M. Mendelowitz, A Guide to Drawing, Holt, Rinehart & Winston (New York, NY, 1976), p. 248

Gianni Carlo Sciolla, ed., Rembrandt Disegni, La Nuova Italia Editrice (Florence, Italy, 1976), no. 41, repr. pl. 41

Bob Haak, Rembrandt Drawings, Woodstock (New York, NY, 1976), cat. no. 55, repr.

Seymour Simmons, III and Mark S. A. Winer, Drawing: the Creative Process, Prentice-Hall, Inc. (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1977), pp. 4-5, repr. fig. 0.2

Nathan Goldstein, The Art of Responsive Drawing [2nd ed.], Prentice-Hall Press (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1977), repr. fig. 12.16

Konrad Oberhuber, "Charles Loeser as a Collector of Drawings", Apollo (June 1978), vol. CVII, no. 196, pp. 464-469, pp. 467-468

Seymour Slive, "Rembrandt at Harvard", Apollo (June 1978), vol. 107, no. 196, pp. 452-463, p. 454 and 457, repr. p. 456, fig. 6

Anthony Bailey, Rembrandt's House, Houghton Mifflin Company (Boston, MA, 1978), repr. p. 226

Betty Edwards, Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain: A Course in Enhancing Creativity and Artistic Confidence, J P Tarcher (Los Angeles, 1979), p. 23, repr.

Konrad Oberhuber, ed., Old Master Drawings: Selections from the Charles A. Loeser Bequest, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1979), cat. no. 47, pp. 106-107, repr.

Daisaku Ikeda and René Huyghe, La nuit appelle l'aurore; dialogue Orient-Occident sur la crise contemporaine, Flammarion (Paris, France, 1980), repr. pl. 22

The Draughtsman at Work. Drawing in the Golden Century of Dutch Art, checklist (unpublished, 1980), no. 7

Bernard Chaet, The Art of Drawing, Holt, Rinehart & Winston (New York, NY, 1983), p. 263, repr. p. 262, pl. 350

Nathan Goldstein, The Art of Responsive Drawing, Prentice-Hall Press (Englewood Cliffs, 1984), p. 358, repr. p. 360, fig. 12.21

Peter Schatborn, Drawings by Rembrandt, His Anonymous Pupils and Followers, Rijksmuseum Amsterdam (Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1985), under cat. no. 31, pp. 70-71 (n. 4)

Peter C. Sutton, A Guide to Dutch Art in America, Netherlands-American Amity Trust and Eerdmans (Washington, D.C. and Grand Rapids, MI, 1986), pp. 39-40, repr. fig. 51

Kristin A. Mortimer and William G. Klingelhofer, Harvard University Art Museums: A Guide to the Collections, Harvard University Art Museums and Abbeville Press (Cambridge and New York, 1986), cat. no. 271, p. 232, repr.

Jacqueline Guillaud and Maurice Guillaud, Rembrandt: la Figuration Humaine (Paris, France and New York, NY, 1986), repr. p. 87, fig. 91

Director's Report / Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 1987 - 1988), repr. p. 32

George R. Goldner, European Drawings, vol. 1: Catalogue of the Collections: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, California (Malibu, 1988), under cat. no. 118, p. 265

Frederik J. Duparc, Landscape in Perspective: Drawings by Rembrandt and his Contemporaries, exh. cat., The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (Montreal, 1988), cat. no. 69, p. 177, repr.

Marc Le Bot, Rembrandt, Crown Publishers Inc. (New York, NY, 1990), repr. p. 9

Cynthia Schneider, Rembrandt's Landcapes: Drawings and Prints, exh. cat. (1990), cat. no. 77, pp. 245-46, repr.

[Reproduction only], The Stations of Solitude, William Morrow & Company (New York, 1990)., repr. cover

Martin Royalton-Kisch, "Rembrandt's Landscape Drawings", Drawing: Masters and Methods, Raphael to Redon, Philip Wilson Publishers / Royal Academy of Arts (London, 1992), pp. 114-135, p. 122, repr. p. 124, fig. 21

Martin Royalton-Kisch, Drawings by Rembrandt and his circle in the British Museum, British Museum Press (London, 1992), under cat. no. 76, p. 163

Nathan Goldstein, The Art of Responsive Drawing, Prentice-Hall Press (Englewood Cliffs, 1992), fig. 13.24

David Blayney Brown, "Watercolor", The Dictionary of Art, ed. Jane Turner, Grove's Dictionaries (New York, 1996), vol. 32, pp. 898-902, repr. p. 900, fig. 1

James Cuno, Alvin L. Clark, Jr., Ivan Gaskell, and William W. Robinson, Harvard's Art Museums: 100 Years of Collecting, ed. James Cuno, Harvard University Art Museums and Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (Cambridge, MA, 1996), pp. 216-17, repr.

[sale catalogue], auct. cat., Sotheby's, New York (New York, NY, January 29, 1997), under lot 49

Franklin W. Robinson and Sheldon Peck, Fresh Woods and Pastures New: Seventeenth-Century Dutch Landscape..., William Hayes Ackland Memorial Art Museum (Chapel Hill, NC, 1999), under cat. no. 10, p. 54

Simon Schama, Rembrandt's Eyes, Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. (New York, 1999), pp. 537-38, repr. p. 538

Carlo Francini, "L'inventario della collezione Loeser alla Villa Gattaia", Bollettino della Società di Studi Fiorentini (2000), no. 6, p. 122 ("Cartella C.L."), no. 12

Seymour Slive, "Collecting 17th-century Dutch art in the United States: the current boom", Bulletin van het Rijksmuseum (2001), vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 84-99, pp. 86, 97 (n. 10)

Howard J. Smagula, Creative Drawing, Laurence King Publishing Ltd. (London, 2002), pp. 151-152, repr. p. 152, fig. 7.2

David Rosand, Drawing Acts: Studies in Graphic Expression and Representation, Cambridge University Press (U.K.) (Cambridge, 2002), pp. 256-57, repr. p. 257

David Summers, Real Spaces: World Art History and the Rise of Western Modernism, Phaidon Press (London and New York, 2003), pp. 51 and 577, repr. p. 50, fig. 6

Clifford S. Ackley and Ronni Baer, Rembrandt's Journey: Painter, Draftsman, Etcher, exh. cat., MFA Publications (Boston, 2003), cat. no. 128, pp. 197 and 323, repr. p. 197, fig. 128

Thomas Ketelsen and Christian Dittrich, Rembrandt Die Dresdener Zeichnungen, ed. Thomas Ketelsen, Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König (Cologne, Germany, 2004), under cat. no. 110, p. 195, repr. fig. 1, and p. 214 (n. 4)

Susan Lumenello, "Picturing an Exhibition: On the Making of 'Rembrandt'", Colloquy [Harvard Alumni Quarterly] (Fall 2006), pp. 2-3, 11, p. 11

David Summers, "World Art History and the Rise of Western Modernism, or, Goodbye to the Visual Arts", from the symposium Compression vs. Expression: Containing and Explaining the World's Art, ed. John Onians, Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute (Williamstown, MA, 2006), pp. 215-234, p. 222, repr. fig. 1

Michael White, re-entry, University of North Texas Press (Denton, Texas, 2006), repr. cover

Ivan Gaskell, Rembrandt and the Aesthetics of Technique, brochure, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2006), checklist

Christian Dittrich and Thomas Ketelsen, Rembrandt: Les dessins de Dresde, exh. cat., Kupferstich-Kabinett, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden and Fondation Custodia (Paris, 2006), under cat. no. 73, pp. 141 and 159 (n. 4), repr. p. 141, fig. 1

John Torreano, Drawing by Seeing, Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, NY, 2007), p. 19, repr.

Seymour Slive, Rembrandt Drawings, J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles, 2009), pp. 141-42, repr. fig. 11.17

Catalogue of Drawings by Rembrandt and his School in the British Museum, website, British Museum, 2010, under cat. no. 80 and under cat. no. 83

William W. Robinson and Susan Anderson, Drawings from the Age of Bruegel, Rubens, and Rembrandt: Highlights from the Collection of the Harvard Art Museums, Harvard Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2016), p. 14; cat. no. 70, pp. 237-239, repr. p. 238

Exhibition History

A Thousand Years of Landscape East and West, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, 10/24/1945 - 12/09/1945

A Special Exhibition of Drawings from the Fogg Museum of Art, Speed Memorial Museum, Louisville, KY, 03/02/1947 - 03/30/1947

Fiftieth Anniversary Exhibition of the Art of Europe during the XVIth-XVIIth Centuries, Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, 01/01/1948 - 12/31/1948

Landscape Drawings and Watercolors, Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, 01/01/1953 - 12/31/1953

Chinese Landscape Painting, Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, 01/01/1954 - 12/31/1954

An Exhibition of Dutch and Flemish Drawings and Watercolors, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/01/1954 - 04/30/1954

Rembrandt Drawings from American Collections, Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, 03/15/1960 - 04/16/1960; Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/27/1960 - 05/29/1960

Paintings, Drawings, Sculpture from the Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, 10/12/1967 - 12/03/1967

Rembrandt 1669/1969, Rijksprentenkabinet, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 09/13/1969 - 11/30/1969

The Draughtsman at Work. Drawing in the Golden Century of Dutch Art, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 11/21/1980 - 01/04/1981

Rembrandt: A Selection of his Works, Busch-Reisinger Museum, Cambridge, 10/18/1984 - 12/11/1984

Landscape in Perspective: Drawings by Rembrandt and his Contemporaries, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 02/20/1988 - 04/03/1988; The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Montreal, 04/15/1988 - 05/29/1988

Rembrandt's Landscapes: Drawings and Prints, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 03/11/1990 - 05/20/1990

Rembrandt's Journey: Painting, Draftsman, Etcher, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, 10/26/2003 - 01/18/2004; The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, 02/14/2004 - 05/09/2004

Rembrandt and the Aesthetics of Technique, Harvard University Art Museums, Busch-Reisinger Museum, 09/09/2006 - 12/10/2006

Drawings from the Age of Bruegel, Rubens, and Rembrandt, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 05/21/2016 - 08/14/2016

Subjects and Contexts

Dutch, Flemish, & Netherlandish Drawings

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu