© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
John Ruskin, British (London, England 1819 - 1900 Brantwood, England)
Fragment of the Alps
Other Titles
Former Title: Boulder at Chamonix
Work Type
c. 1854-1856
Physical Descriptions
Watercolor and gouache over graphite on cream wove paper
33.5 x 49.3 cm (13 3/16 x 19 7/16 in.)
The artist, sold; to Charles Eliot Norton c. 1858, by descent; to Sara, Margaret, and Elizabeth Norton (daughters of Charles Eliot Norton), sold; to Fogg Art Museum, 1919 [1].

[1] Samuel Sachs provided the funds to purchase the drawing, however, it was never in his collection.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Gift of Samuel Sachs
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art
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Publication History

Catalogue of the American Exhibition of British Art at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, exh. cat., Collins (Philadelphia, 1858), no. 88

Catalogue of the American Exhibition of British Art, at the Athenaeum Gallery, Boston, exh. cat., J. H. Eastburn (Boston, 1858), no. 67

John Ruskin, Notes on Drawings by Mr. Ruskin, placed on exhibition by Professor Norton..., exh. cat., John Wilson and Son (Cambridge, 1879), no. 86

E. T. Cook and Alexander Wedderburn, The Works of John Ruskin, G. Allen (London, England, 1903 -1912), vol. 38, no. 422, vol. 36, pl. 17

Arthur Pope, Catalogue of Ruskin Exhibition in Memory of Charles Eliot Norton, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, 1909), no. 3

Highlights from the Collections of the Fogg Museum and Harvard Alumni of St. Louis, exh. cat., City Art Museum of St. Louis (St. Louis, 1964), cat. 16

Paintings, Drawings, and Sculpture from the Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, exh. cat., Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, 1967)

Paul Walton, The Drawings of John Ruskin, Oxford University Press (UK) (London, 1972), p. 81, 84, pl. 60

Klaus Gallwitz, Gerhard Köhler, and Günter Metken, ed., Präraffaeliten, exh. cat., Staatliche Kunsthalle Baden-Baden (Baden-Baden, 1973), no. 7, repr.

Rowland Elzea and Betty Elzea, The Pre-Raphaelite Era 1848-1914, exh. cat., Delaware Art Museum (Wilmington, DE, 1976), no. 1-8, ill.

Marjorie B. Cohn, Wash and Gouache: A Study of the Development of the Materials of Watercolor, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, 1977), pp. 9, 52, 53, cat. no. 53 pp. 107-108, frontispiece

Gail S. Weinberg, Drawings of John Ruskin (1819 - 1900), exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1979), no. 33

Konrad Oberhuber, European Master Drawings of Six Centuries from the Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, exh. cat., National Museum of Western Art (Tokyo, 1979), cat. no. 97, n.p., pl. 97, repr.

Linda S. Ferber and William H. Gerdts, The New Path: Ruskin and the American Pre-Raphaelites, exh. cat., Brooklyn Museum (Brooklyn, NY, 1985), cat. 125, ill p. 108, pl. 5, ill. p. 284

Marjorie Shelley, "'Splendid Mountain,' a Sketchbook by the Young John Singer Sargent", Metropolitan Museum Journal (New York, NY, 1993), vol. 28, pp. 185-205, p. 205, note 33

Marjorie B. Cohn, "Turner, Ruskin, Norton, Winthrop", Harvard University Art Museums Bulletin (Cambridge, MA, Fall 1993), vol. II, p. 17

Royal W. Leith, A Quiet Devotion: The Life and Work of Henry Roderick Newman, exh. cat., Jordan-Volpe Gallery, Inc. (New York, NY, 1996), p. 54, fig. 55

James Cuno, Alvin L. Clark, Jr., Ivan Gaskell, and William W. Robinson, Harvard's Art Museums: 100 Years of Collecting, ed. James Cuno, Harvard University Art Museums and Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (Cambridge, MA, 1996), p. 230, ill. p. 231

Franklin Kelly, American Masters from Bingham to Eakins: The John Wilmderding Collection, exh. cat., National Gallery of Art (Washington, DC, 2004), no. 33, fig. 1

Teresa A. Carbone, American Paintings in the Brooklyn Museum: Artists Born by 1876, Brooklyn Museum (New York, 2006), p. 940, fig. 112

Theodore E. Stebbins, Jr. and Susan C. Ricci, "The Last Ruskinians", American Art Review (March -April 2007), XIX, no. 2, pp. 80-89, ill. p. 82

Theodore E. Stebbins, Jr., Virginia Anderson, Melissa Renn, and Susan C. Ricci, The Last Ruskinians: Charles Eliot Norton, Charles Herbert Moore, and Their Circle, exh. cat., Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2007), pp. 12-13, 17, 32, 87, 96, pl. 48

Alec Mishory, Still Life: From Represented Objects to Real Objects, Open University of Israel (Israel, 2008), p. 182, fig 153

Heather Birchall, Pre-Raphaelites, ed. Norbert Wolf, Taschen GmbH (Cologne, Germany, 2010), p. 48, ill. p. 49

Hina Hirayama, "With Éclat" The Boston Athenæum and the Origin of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston Athenaeum (Boston, MA, 2013), p. 67, ill.

Theodore E. Stebbins, Jr. and Melissa Renn, American Paintings at Harvard, Volume One: Paintings, Watercolors, and Pastels by Artists Born before 1826, Yale University Press (U.S.) and Harvard Art Museums (Cambridge and New Haven, 2014), p. 524, fn 4.

Uta Hassler, ed., Felsengärten, Gartengrotten, Kunstberge: Motive der Natur in Architektur und Garten, Hirmer (Munich, 2014), p. 67, fig. 5

Christopher Newall, John Ruskin: Artist and Observer, exh. cat., National Gallery of Canada (Ottawa, Canada, 2014), p. 231, fig. 6.1

Ken Jacobson and Jenny Jacobson, Carrying Off the Palaces: John Ruskin's Lost Daguerreotypes, Bernard Quaritch Ltd. (London, 2015), pp. 93, 302, 322, fig. 131

Kathleen A. Foster, American Watercolor in the Age of Homer and Sargent, exh. cat., Philadelphia Museum of Art (Philadelphia, 2017), pp. 45, 52, fig. 36

Patricia Phagan, Past Time: Geology in European and American Art, exh. cat., Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center at Vassar College (Poughkeepsie, NY, 2018), p. 56

Linda S. Ferber and Nancy K. Anderson, The American Pre-Raphaelites: Radical Realists, exh. cat., National Gallery of Art (Washington, DC, 2019), pl. 84, pp. 3, 71, 74, 81, 95, 119, 232, detail repr. p. 18

Exhibition History

American Exhibition of British Art, National Academy of Design, New York, 10/20/1857 - 12/15/1857

American Exhibition of British Art, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 02/03/1858 - 03/20/1858

American Exhibition of British Art, Boston Athenaeum, Boston, 04/05/1858 - 06/19/1858

Drawings by Mr. Ruskin, Noyes & Blakeslee, Boston, 10/01/1879 - 10/31/1879

Ruskin Exhibition, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 11/01/1909 - 02/28/1910

[John Ruskin exhibition], Smith College Museum of Art, 12/01/1949 - 12/21/1949; Yale University Art Gallery, 01/01/1950 - 01/31/1950

Unidentified Exhibition, Wesleyan University, 1959, Davison Art Center, Middletown, 07/01/1959 - 08/31/1959

Paintings, Drawings, Sculpture from the Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, 10/12/1967 - 12/03/1967

Präraffaelliten, Staatliche Kunsthalle Baden-Baden, 11/23/1973 - 02/24/1974

The Pre-Raphaelite Era 1848 - 1914, Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington, 04/12/1976 - 06/06/1976

Wash and Gouache: A Study of the Development of the Materials of Watercolor, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 05/12/1977 - 06/22/1977

Drawings of John Ruskin, 1819 - 1900, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 01/19/1979 - 03/04/1979

European Master Drawings of Six Centuries from the Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 11/03/1979 - 12/16/1979

The Age of Romanticism, Busch-Reisinger Museum, Cambridge, 03/15/1986 - 05/18/1986

The Last Ruskinians: Charles Eliot Norton, Charles Herbert Moore, and Their Circle, Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/07/2007 - 07/08/2007

The American Pre-Raphaelites: Radical Realists, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 04/14/2019 - 07/21/2019

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu