© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Gallery Text

Rembrandt produced this sheet of studies primarily as a detailed record of the strikingly dressed and decorated hair of a young girl. Elaborately arranged female hair is an expressive detail in many of the artist’s works of the 1630s, so it is no surprise that this real-life example caught his eye. A costume historian has pointed out that Rembrandt evidently drew the girl while she was being dressed because she wears a nachthalsdoek (peignoir), which women and girls wore during their toilette. In all three studies he recorded the headband that gathered the hair in the back and the forelock that was pulled over it and braided at the top. Other plaits hang loose at the side and back of her head.

Identification and Creation
Object Number
1949.4
People
Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn, Dutch (Leiden 1606 - 1669 Amsterdam)
Title
Three Studies of a Child and One of a Woman
Classification
Drawings
Work Type
drawing
Date
c. 1638-40
Culture
Dutch
Physical Descriptions
Medium
Brown ink, brown wash, and white opaque watercolor on white antique laid paper
Dimensions
21.5 x 16.1 cm (8 7/16 x 6 5/16 in.)
framed: 44.5 x 38.4 cm (17 1/2 x 15 1/8 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • collector's mark: verso, lower left, black ink: L. 2426 (Thomas Dimsdale)
  • collector's mark: verso, lower left, purple ink: L. 1880 (Marsden J. Perry)
  • watermark: Horn with shield in crown, with 4 and WR below; related to Heawood 2715 (Amsterdam, 1668)
  • inscription: verso, upper left, graphite: [abstract symbol]
  • inscription: verso, lower center, graphite: 6
  • inscription: verso, lower center, graphite: From the collection of / Thomas Dimsdale, 1758 - 1823
  • inscription: verso, lower right, graphite: yoxm
  • inscription: former mount, brown ink: Remarkably fine drawing by Rembrandt / studies about 1635 / W. R. Valentiner / 1911
Provenance
Thomas Dimsdale, London (L. 2426, verso, lower left). Marsden J. Perry, Providence, RI (L. 1880, verso, lower left). [Duveen Brothers, New York], sold; to Meta and Paul J. Sachs, Cambridge, MA, 1924 (without his mark, L. 2091); Gift of Meta and Paul J. Sachs, 1949.4
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Gift of Meta and Paul J. Sachs
Accession Year
1949
Object Number
1949.4
Division
European and American Art
Contact
am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu
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Publication History

Ella S. Siple, "The Fogg Museum of Art at Harvard", The Burlington Magazine (June 1927), vol. 50, no. 291, pp. 309-17, p. 309, repr. p. 307, fig. C

An Exhibition of Old-Master Drawings for the Benefit of Public Health Nursing Milk and Emergency Fund, exh. cat., Junior League, Pittsburgh (Pittsburgh, PA, 1933), cat. no. 9, p. 11

Otto Benesch, Rembrandt Werk und Forschung, Gilhofer & Ranschburg (Vienna, 1935), pp. 22-23

Art in New England: Paintings Drawings Prints from Private Collections in New England, exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (1939), cat. no. 198, pp. 111-12, repr. pl. 86, fig. 198

Agnes Mongan and Paul J. Sachs, Drawings in the Fogg Museum of Art, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, 1940), vol. 1, cat. no. 524, p. 276, repr. vol. 2, fig. 271

"The Cover", American Artist (1951), vol. XV, no. 1, cover and p. 12, p. 12, repr. cover

An Exhibition of Dutch and Flemish Drawings and Watercolors, checklist, Unpublished (1954), cat. no. 48, p. 12

Otto Benesch, The Drawings of Rembrandt, Phaidon Press (Oxford, 1954 - 1957), vol. 2, cat. no. A10, repr. fig. 581 (as possibly Lievens or Backer)

Jan Gerrit van Gelder, "[Review] The Drawings of Rembrandt by Otto Benesch" (December 1955), vol. 97, no. 633, pp. 395-396, p. 396

I. Q. van Regteren Altena, "Boekbespreking: Otto Benesch. The Drawings of Rembrandt. First Complete Edition in Six Volumes. Vol. I-II.", Oud Holland (1955), vol. 70, pp. 118-120, p. 120

Werner Sumowski, "Bemerkungen zu Otto Beneschs Corpus der Rembrandt-Zeichnungen I", Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Humbolt-Universität zu Berlin, Gesellschafts- und sprachwissenschaftliche Reihe (1956-1957), vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 255-81, p. 261

Jakob Rosenberg, Review of Otto Benesch, "The Drawings of Rembrandt," vols. I-II, The Art Bulletin (March 1956), vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 63-70, p. 69

James Watrous, The Craft of Old-Master Drawings, University of Wisconsin Press (Madison, WI, 1957), repr. p. 49

Felice Stampfle and Egbert Haverkamp-Begemann, Rembrandt Drawings from American Collections, exh. cat., Pierpont Morgan Library (New York, NY, 1960), cat. no. 21, pp. 20-21, repr. pl. 17, fig. 21

Jan Gerrit van Gelder, "Review: The Drawings of Rembrandt. First Complete Edition in Six Volumes by Otto Benesch", Burlington Magazine (April 1961), vol. 103, no. 697, pp. 149-151, p. 151 (n. 13)

Egbert Haverkamp-Begemann, "Rezension: Otto Benesch. The drawings of Rembrandt.", Kunstchronik (1961), vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 10-28; no. 2, pp. 50-57, no. 3, pp. 85-91, p. 90

Phyllis Pray Bober, ed., Masters of Seven Centuries: Paintings and Drawings from the 14th to 20th Century, exh. cat., Wildenstein Gallery, New York (New York, 1962), cat. no. 18, p. 16, repr. p. 32, fig. 18

Ernst W. Watson and Aldren A. Watson, Watson Drawing Book, Reinhold Publishing Co. (New York, NY, 1962), repr. p. 114, fig. 172

Fogg Art Museum, Studies and Study Sheets: Master Drawings from Five Centuries, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1964), cat. no. 32, n.p.

Agnes Mongan, Memorial Exhibition: Works of Art from the Collection of Paul J. Sachs [1878-1965] : given and bequeathed to the Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, exh. cat., Harvard University (Cambridge, MA, 1965), cat. no. 23, n.p., repr., and p. 206

L. C. J. Frederichs, "De Schetsbladen van Rembrandt Voor Het Schilderij van Het Echtpaar Anslo" (Amsterdam, October 1969), vol. 56, no. 8, pp. 206-211, pp. 206-210, repr. p. 207

H. R. Hoetink, "Nog een portret van Margaretha de Geer", Miscellanea I. Q. van Regteren Altena 6/V/1969, Scheltema & Holkema (Amsterdam, 1969), pp. 150-51, 341, pp. 150-51, repr. p. 341, fig. 1

Pieter Jacobus Johannes van Thiel, Rembrandt 1669/1969, exh. cat. (1969), cat. no. 64, p. 161, repr.

Egbert Haverkamp-Begemann, "The Present State of Rembrandt Studies", The Art Bulletin, College Art Association of America (New York, March 1971), vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 88-104, p. 96

Otto Benesch, The Drawings of Rembrandt [enlarged ed.], Phaidon Press (Oxford, 1973), vol. 2, cat. no. A10, pp. 123-124, repr. fig. 615

Franklin W. Robinson, Seventeenth Century Dutch Drawings from American Collections, exh. cat., International Exhibitions Foundation (Washington, D.C, 1977), cat. no. 32, pp. 34-36, repr. fig. 32

Nathan Goldstein, The Art of Responsive Drawing [2nd ed.], Prentice-Hall Press (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1977), repr. fig. 11.20

Seymour Slive, "Rembrandt at Harvard", Apollo (June 1978), vol. 107, no. 196, pp. 452-463, pp. 453, 455, and 457, repr. p. 452, fig. 1

Konrad Oberhuber, European Master Drawings of Six Centuries from the Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, exh. cat., National Museum of Western Art (Tokyo, 1979), cat. no. 50, n.p., repr. pl. 50

[Reproduction only], "Calendar", Harvard University Gazette, (December 12, 1980)., repr. p. 8

The Draughtsman at Work. Drawing in the Golden Century of Dutch Art, checklist (unpublished, 1980), no. 3

Josua de Bruyn and Ernst van de Wetering, A Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings, M. Nijhoff Publishers (The Hague and Boston, MA, 1982-2014), vol. III, p. 412

Nathan Goldstein, The Art of Responsive Drawing [3rd ed.], Prentice-Hall Press (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1984), p. 335, repr. p. 337, fig. 11.21

Peter C. Sutton, A Guide to Dutch Art in America, Netherlands-American Amity Trust and Eerdmans (Washington, D.C. and Grand Rapids, MI, 1986), pp. 40-41, repr. fig. 53

Nathan Goldstein, The Art of Responsive Drawing [4th ed.], Prentice-Hall Press (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1992), p. 354, repr. p. 12.22

Julia Lloyd Williams, Rembrandt's Women, exh. cat., National Gallery of Scotland (Edinburgh, Scotland, 2001), cat. no. 96, pp. 177 and 257, repr. p. 177

Clifford S. Ackley and Ronni Baer, Rembrandt's Journey: Painter, Draftsman, Etcher, exh. cat., MFA Publications (Boston, 2003), cat. no. 102, pp. 172 and 321, repr. p. 171, fig. 102

Ben Broos, Het Rembrandt Boek, Waanders Uitgevers (Zwolle, The Netherlands, 2006), p. 176, repr.

Ivan Gaskell, Rembrandt and the Aesthetics of Technique, brochure, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2006), checklist

Ben Broos, "Gerrit van Loo, secretaris van Sint Annaparochie, zwager van Rembrandt", Fryslân (December 2008), vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 4-20, p. 19, repr.

Ben Broos, "Rembrandt & Saskia: Recent Research", Jahrbuch der Berliner Museen, Gebr. Mann Verlag (Berlin, 2009), vol. 51, supplement, pp. 9-15, pp. 9 and 14, repr. p. 14, fig. 7

Ben Broos, Saskia: De vrouw van Rembrandt, exh. cat., WBOOKS (Zwolle, 2012), p. 66 and repr. p. 96, fig. 88

The Drawings of Rembrandt: a revision of Otto Benesch's catalogue raisonné, website, 2012, Benesch A10

Stijn Alsteens, [Review] William W. Robinson, with Susan Anderson, "Drawings from the Age of Bruegel, Rubens, and Rembrandt: Highlights from the Collection of the Harvard Art Museums", Master Drawings (Winter 2015), LIII, no. 4, pp. 531-534, p. 532, repr. p. 532 as fig. 1

William W. Robinson and Susan Anderson, Drawings from the Age of Bruegel, Rubens, and Rembrandt: Highlights from the Collection of the Harvard Art Museums, Harvard Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2016), p. 15; cat. no. 69, pp. 234-236, repr. p. 235; watermark p. 380

Franklin Einspruch, Fuse Visual Art Review: A Pair of Drawing Shows at the Harvard Art Museums, The Arts Fuse ([e-journal], June 9, 2016), http://artsfuse.org/146319/fuse-visual-arts-review-a-pair-of-drawing-shows-at-the-harvard-art-museums/, accessed June 9, 2016

Exhibition History

An Exhibition of Old-Master Drawings for the Benefit of Public Health Nursing Milk and Emergency Fund, Junior League, Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, 12/13/1933 - 01/06/1934

Art in New England: Paintings, Drawings, Prints from Private Collections in New England, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, 06/09/1939 - 09/10/1939

Drawings from the Fogg Museum of Art, Harvard University (Collected by Paul J. Sachs), Century Club, New York, 05/12/1947 - 09/25/1947

An Exhibition of Dutch and Flemish Drawings and Watercolors, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/01/1954 - 04/30/1954

Rembrandt Drawings from American Collections, Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, 03/15/1960 - 04/16/1960; Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/27/1960 - 05/29/1960

Masters of Seven Centuries, Wildenstein & Company, New York, 03/01/1962 - 03/31/1962

Studies and Study Sheets, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 03/26/1964 - 04/18/1964

Memorial Exhibition: Works of Art from the Collection of Paul J. Sachs [1878-1965] Given and Bequeathed to the Fogg Art Museum Harvard University Cambridge, Massachusetts, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 11/15/1965 - 01/15/1966; Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York, 12/19/1966 - 02/26/1967

Taste of a Connoisseur: The Paul J. Sachs Collection, Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York, 12/21/1966 - 02/26/1967

Rembrandt 1669/1969, Rijksprentenkabinet, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 09/13/1969 - 11/30/1969

Seventeenth Century Dutch Drawings from American Collections, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 01/30/1977 - 03/13/1977; Denver Art Museum, Denver, 04/01/1977 - 05/15/1977; Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, 06/01/1977 - 07/15/1977

European Master Drawings of Six Centuries from the Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 11/03/1979 - 12/16/1979

The Draughtsman at Work. Drawing in the Golden Century of Dutch Art, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 11/21/1980 - 01/04/1981

Rembrandt: A Selection of his Works, Busch-Reisinger Museum, Cambridge, 10/18/1984 - 12/11/1984

Rembrandt and His School: Drawings from the Museum Boymans-van Beuningen Rotterdam, Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 12/02/1989 - 01/28/1990

Rembrandt's Women, National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh, 06/08/2001 - 09/02/2001; Royal Academy of Arts, London, 09/22/2001 - 12/16/2001

Rembrandt's Journey: Painting, Draftsman, Etcher, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, 10/26/2003 - 01/18/2004; The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, 02/14/2004 - 05/09/2004

Rembrandt and the Aesthetics of Technique, Harvard University Art Museums, Busch-Reisinger Museum, 09/09/2006 - 12/10/2006

Drawings from the Age of Bruegel, Rubens, and Rembrandt, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 05/21/2016 - 08/14/2016

Subjects and Contexts

Dutch, Flemish, & Netherlandish Drawings

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu