© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
1943.454
People
Edward Burne-Jones, British (Birmingham, England 1833 - 1898 London, England)
Title
The Days of Creation: The First Day
Classification
Drawings
Work Type
drawing
Date
1870-1876
Culture
British
Physical Descriptions
Medium
Watercolor, gouache, shell gold, and platinum paint on linen-covered panel prepared with zinc white ground
Dimensions
102.2 x 35.5 cm (40 1/4 x 14 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • inscription: back of frame, black ink (or paint): This picture is not complete by / itself, but is No 1 of a series of / six water color [sic] pictures representing / the Days of Creation, which are / placed in a frame designed by / the Painter, from which he / desires they may not be removed. / E BURNE-JONES / LONDON. 1876 / designed 1870 / painted 1875-6
  • label: back of frame (central stretcher bar of panel), printed and inscribed: Works of Sir Edward Burne-Jones, Bart. / NEW GALLERY / WINTER EXHIBITION, 1898-9 / Title The Days of Creation / Lent by Alexander Henderson Esq. / 52 Princes Gate / Reg. No. 122-1
  • inscription: back of panel, below area formerly covered by label, graphite: No VI
  • inscription: back of frame, lower center, graphite: 1
Provenance
Purchased from the artist by William Graham, London, 1877 (£2,000); his sale, Christie's, London, April 2-4, 1886, no. 161 (£1,732 10s.); purchased at that sale by Thomas Agnew and Sons, London; purchased from them by Alexander Henderson, later first Lord Faringdon, 1886; his sale, Sotheby's, London, June 13, 1934, no. 99 (£860); acquired at that sale through Martin Birnbaum by Grenville L. Winthrop; his bequest to the Fogg Art Museum, 1943.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop
Accession Year
1943
Object Number
1943.454
Division
European and American Art
Contact
am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu
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Publication History

Oscar Wilde, "The Grosvenor Gallery", Dublin University Magazine (July 1877), pp. 15-16

Frederic George Stephens, "Edward Burne-Jones, A.R.A., II", Portfolio (1885), 16, pp. 229-30

"The Graham Collection", The Times [London] (April 5, 1886), p. 12

Malcolm Bell, Edward Burne-Jones: A Record and Review, George Bell and Sons, Ltd. (London, England, 1892), pp. 49-51, repr.

Julia Cartwright, "The Life and Work of Sir Edward Burne-Jones" (London, England, 1894), pg. 19

Malcolm Bell, Sir Edward Burne-Jones: A Record and Review, Bell (London and New York, 1894), pp. 49-51, 102

"Art. II. Catalogue of the New Gallery. Exhibition of the Works of Edward Burne-Jones.", The Edinburgh Review (January 1899), CLXXXIX, p. 29

Sir Wyck Bayliss, Five Great Painters of the Victorian Era (London, England, 1902), pp. 79-81, frontispiece

W. Graham Robertson, Time Was: The Reminiscences of W. Graham Robertson, Hamish Hamilton (London, 1931), p. 47

Paintings and Drawings of the Pre-Raphaelites and their Circle, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1946), no. 25

Henry James, The Painter's Eye, Rupert Hart-Davis (London, 1956 (1877)), pp. 145-46

Agnes Mongan, "The Fogg Art Museum's Collection of Drawings", Harvard Library Bulletin, Harvard University (Cambridge, 1958), vol. 3, no. 2, March, pp. 5-9, p. 203

Martin Birnbaum, The Last Romantic (New York, NY, 1960), pp. 204-5

A. Charles Sewter, The Stained Glass of William Morris and His Circle, Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven, CT and London, England, 1974-1975), vol. 1, p. 58, vol. 2, p. 147

John Christian, Burne-Jones: The Paintings, Graphic and Decorative Work of Sir Edward Burne-Jones, exh. cat., Arts Council of Great Britain, London (London, England, 1975), under no. 259

Christopher Wood, Olympian Dreamers: Victorian Classical Painters 1860-1914, Constable (London, England, 1983), pp. 181, 184

Maria Teresa Benedetti, ed., Burne-Jones: dal preraffaellismo al simbolismo, exh. cat., Mazzotta (Milan, Italy, 1986), p. 89, under cat. no. 57

Kristin A. Mortimer and William G. Klingelhofer, Harvard University Art Museums: A Guide to the Collections, Harvard University Art Museums and Abbeville Press (Cambridge and New York, 1986), no. 295, p. 252, repr.

Martin Harrison and Bill Waters, Burne-Jones, Barrie & Jenkins (London, 1989), pp. 110-13

A.S. Byatt, Angels and Insects, Chatto & Windus (London, England, 1992), repr. p. 253

Burne-Jones 1833-1898: Dessins du Fitzwilliam Museum de Cambridge, exh. cat., Musée d'arts de Nantes (Nantes, 1992), pp. 27, 110

Rebecca Johnston, "Days of Creation by Sir Edward Burne Jones: A Study of Materials and Techniques" (thesis (certificate in conservation), Straus Center for Conservation and Technical Studies, July 1992), Unpublished, pp. 1-11 passim

Marjorie B. Cohn, "Turner, Ruskin, Norton, Winthrop", Harvard University Art Museums Bulletin (Cambridge, MA, Fall 1993), vol. II, p. 48

Christopher Newall, The Grosvenor Gallery Exhibitions: Change and Continuity in the Victorian Art World, Cambridge University Press (Cambridge, 1995), pp. 16, 57

Susan P. Casteras, ed., The Grosvenor Gallery: A Palace of Art in Victorian England, Yale University Press (New Haven, CT and London, England, 1996), pp. 81, 83

Laurence des Cars, Stephen Wildman, and John Christian, "Edward Burne-Jones and France", Edward Burne-Jones: Victorian Artist-Dreamer, Metropolitan Museum of Art / Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, 1998), pp. 29-30, 143

Debra N. Mancoff, Burne-Jones, Pomegranate (San Francisco, CA, 1998), pp. 71-73; color repr. pl. 25

Christopher Wood, Burne-Jones: The Life and Works of Sir Edward Burne-Jones (1833-1898), Weidenfeld & Nicolson (London, England, 1998), repr. p. 82 (color)

Stephen Wildman and John Christian, Edward Burne-Jones: Victorian Artist-Dreamer, exh. cat., Metropolitan Museum of Art / Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, NY, 1998), reproduced in b/w p. 30, fig. 27, and p. 143, fig. 79.

Wendy Graham, "Henry James and British Aestheticism", The Henry James Review (1999), 20, no. 3, p. 269

Paul Mitchell and Lynn Roberts, "Burne-Jones's Picture Frames", The Burlington Magazine (June 2000), vol. CXLII, no. 1167, pp. 362-370, p. 365

Oliver Garnett, "The Letters and Collection of William Graham: Pre-Raphaelite Patron and Pre-Raphaelite Collector", The Sixty-Second Volume of the Walpole Society, The Walpole Society (Leeds, 2000), pp. 145-343, b9 (p. 288), fig. 121, Letters B17, B18, B20, pp. 153, 167,183, 340

Chikashi Kitazaki and Mina Oya, ed., Between Reality and Dreams: Nineteenth Century British and French Art from the Winthrop Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, exh. cat., National Museum of Western Art (Ueno, 2002), p. 38, fig. 3, repr. p. 122

Stephan Wolohojian, ed., A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art and Yale University Press (U.S.) (New York, 2003), cat. no. 161, repr. (color), pp. 30, 42

Christopher Riopelle, Harvard's Winthrop Collection: Nineteenth-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, exh. cat., National Gallery Company Limited (London, 2003), p. 20, cat. 7, ill.

Stephan Wolohojian, Ingres, Burne-Jones, Whistler, Renoir... La Collection Grenville L. Winthrop, exh. cat., Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon and Réunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 2003), no. 161, repr.

Pre-Raphaelite and Other Masters: The Andrew Lloyd Webber Collection, exh. cat., Royal Academy of Arts (London, 2003), p. 68

Robert Dupin, "La Collection Winthrop", Universalia, Encyclopaedia Universalis (Paris, France, 2004), pp. 343-344, p. 344

David Peters Corbett, Edward Burne-Jones, Tate (London, 2004), pp. 6, 8, fig. 2

Veronica Franklin Gould, G. F. Watts: The Last Great Victorian, Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven and London, 2004), pp. 134-135

Victorian and Traditionalist Pictures, auct. cat., Christie's, London (London, June 5, 2008), p. 85, repr. as fig. 6

19th Century Paintings, Drawings & Watercolours, auct. cat., Bonhams, New Bond Street (London, January 23, 2013), pp. 97, 100, repr. p. 100

Fiona Mann, "A 'born rebel': Edward Burne-Jones and watercolour painting 1857-80", The Burlington Magazine (October 2014), CLVI, no. 1339, pp. 657-664, pp. 660, 662-664, repr. p. 661 as fig. 24

Colette Crossman, "Seeing the Sacred: Burne-Jones's Reception as a 'Great Religious Painter'", Nineteenth-Century Art Worldwide ([e-journal], Summer 2015), 14, issue 2, figs. 1, 4

Sonia Del Re, Dennis Lanigan, and Christopher Newall, Beauty's Awakening: Drawings by the Pre-Raphaelites and Their Contemporaries from the Lanigan Collection, exh. cat., ed. Caroline Wetherilt, National Gallery of Canada (Ottawa, 2015), pp. 50-51, fig. 11.2, repr. p. 51

Melissa Buron, Truth & Beauty: The Pre-Raphaelites and the Old Masters, exh. cat., Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco (San Francisco, 2018), p. 176, fig. 62

Fiona Mann, "'Opaque with a vengeance:' Burne-Jones's Later Watercolours, 1880-98", The Burlington Magazine (February 2019), 161, no. 1391, pp. 128-139, p. 134

Exhibition History

Unidentified Exhibition, Grosvenor Gallery, 1877, Grosvenor Gallery, London, 05/01/1877 - 05/31/1877

Unidentified Exhibition, Royal Birmingham Society of Artists, 1885, Royal Birmingham Society of Artists, Birmingham, 01/01/1885 - 12/31/1885

Exhibition of the Works of Edward Burne-Jones, New Gallery, London, 01/01/1892 - 12/31/1893

Winter Exhibition of the Works of Sir Edward Burne-Jones, New Gallery, London

Exhibition of the Works of Sir Edward Burne-Jones, New Gallery, London, 12/31/1898 - 04/08/1899

Paintings and Drawings of the Pre-Raphaelites and their Circle, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/08/1946 - 06/01/1946

A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon, Lyon, 03/15/2003 - 05/26/2003; National Gallery, London, 06/25/2003 - 09/14/2003; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 10/23/2003 - 01/25/2004

32Q: 2130 19th Century, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/01/2014 - 04/07/2015

Related Works

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu