© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Gallery Text

This composition, the first of six versions, articulates Ingres’s conception of the art of painting. For him, the oeuvre of the Renaissance artist Raphael was the pinnacle of artistic achievement. Here Ingres draws on Raphael’s relationship with the woman known as “La Fornarina” (the Little Baker), which, according to the biographer Giorgio Vasari, led to the young artist’s death from an excess of lovemaking. Raphael has just sketched the famous portrait of her, and his beloved subject sits on his knee. But Raphael has eyes only for his own creation, which, like Ingres’s representation of its model, meets the viewer’s gaze. This triangle of glances is complicated by the presence of the Virgin in Raphael’s Madonna of the Chair, seen against the back wall, where she resembles the artist’s lover.

Identification and Creation
Object Number
1943.252
People
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, French (Montauban 1780 - 1867 Paris)
Title
Raphael and the Fornarina
Classification
Paintings
Work Type
painting
Date
1814
Culture
French
Location
Level 2, Room 2200, European and American Art, 17th–19th century, The Emergence of Romanticism in Early Nineteenth-Century France
View this object's location on our interactive map
Physical Descriptions
Medium
Oil on canvas
Dimensions
64.8 x 53.3 cm (25 1/2 x 21 in.)
frame: 88.6 x 76.8 x 9.5 cm (34 7/8 x 30 1/4 x 3 3/4 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • Signed: l.l.: Ingres
  • inscription: Inscribed in black paint at right:...A[ROMA].
Provenance
Count de Pourtalès-Gorgier (1814-1865), sold; [his sale March 27 - April 4, 1865, Paris,no. 271] sold ; [through Charles Pillet?]; to Baron Nathaniel de Rothschild; by descent to his daughter-in-law Baroness James de Rothschild; by descent to her son Baron Henri de Rothschild, sold; [through Martin Birnbaum]; to Grenville L. Winthrop, 1931, bequest; to Fogg Art Museum, 1943.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop
Accession Year
1943
Object Number
1943.252
Division
European and American Art
Contact
am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu
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Publication History

Jean-Baptiste Bon Boutard, "Beaux-Arts Salon de 1814", Journal des Débats (December 12, 1814)

François Séraphin Delpech, Examen raisonné des ouvrages de peinture, sculpture, et gravure exposés au Salon du Louvre en 1814 (Paris, France, 1814), pp. 210-211

Registre d'inscription des productions des artistes vivans presentées à l'exposition, Salon de 1814, checklist, Musée Royal des Arts (Paris, France, 1814)

Edme Miel, "Beaux-Arts Salon de 1814", Journal Général de France (February 5, 1815)

"Salon de 1814", Journal Royal (January 14, 1815)

A. V., [Lettres] sur la Salon de 1814, Le Moniteur Universel (February 13, 1815), LI-LII

Léon-Jean-Joseph Dubois, Description des tableaux faisant partie des collections de M. le Comte de Pourtalès-Gorgier (Paris, France, 1841), no. 208

Frederic de Mercey Lagenevais, "Peintres et sculpteurs modernes: M. Ingres", Revue des Deux Mondes (1846), vol. XIV, p. 526

Albert Magimel, Oeuvres de J. A. Ingres, gravées au trait sur acier par A. Réveil, 1800-1851, Ambroise Firmin Didot (Paris, France, 1851), no. 20, repr. as line drawing

Paul ("Bibliophile Jacob") Lacroix, "M. Ingres à l'Exposition Universelle", Revue Universelle des Arts (October 1855 - March 1856), vol. II, p. 209

Théophile Silvestre, Histoire des artistes vivants français et étrangers, études d'après nature (Paris, France, 1856), p. 34

Edmond Saglio, "Un Nouveau Tableau de M. Ingres, liste complète de ses oeuvres", La Correspondence Litteraire (February 5, 1857), p. 77

Theophile Gautier, "Louis XIV et Molière - tableau de M. Ingres", L'Artiste (Paris, France, January 10, 1858), p. 21

Emile Galichon, "Descriptions des dessins de M. Ingres exposés au Salon des Arts-Unis", Gazette des Beaux-Arts (March 15, 1861), vol. IX, no. 6, p. 349

"Exposition des Oeuvres d'Ingres", La Chronique des Arts et de la Curiosité (April 7 1867), vol. V, p. 109

Léon Lagrange, "Ingres", Le Correspondant (1867), vol. LXXI, pp. 51, 72

"Mouvement des Arts et de la Curiosité. Tableaux et Dessins d'Ingres", La Chronique des Arts et de la Curiosité (May 5 and 12, 1867), vol. V, p. 137

Emile Bellier de la Chavignerie, "Notes sur l'oeuvre de M. Ingres", La Chronique des Arts et de la Curiosité (1867), vol. V, p. 51

Catalogue des tableaux, études peintes, dessins et croquis de J.A.D. Ingres exposé dans les galeries de l'Ecole impériale des Beaux-Arts, exh. cat., Ad. Laine et J. Havard (Paris, France, 1867), no. 62

Olivier Merson and Emile Bellier de la Chavignerie, Ingres, sa Vie et ses Oeuvres, J. Hetzel (Paris, France, 1867), pp. 17, 18, no. 30

Théophile Thoré, Salons de T. Thoré, Librairie internationale (Paris, France, 1868), p. 241

Charles Blanc, Ingres, sa vie et ses ouvrages, Vve. J. Renouard (Paris, France, 1870), pp. 46-47

Henri, Vicomte Delaborde, Ingres, sa vie, ses travaux, sa doctrine, d'apres les notices manuscrites et les lettres du maitre, H. Plon (Paris, France, 1870), no. 53, p. 334

Pierre Petroz, L'Art et la critique en France depuis 1822 (Paris, France, 1875), p. 88

Victor Fournel, Les Artistes Français contemporains, A. Mame et fils (Tours, France, 1884), p. 52

Henry Lapauze, Les dessins de J.-A.-D. Ingres du Musée de Montauban, J. E. Bulloz (Paris, France, 1901), pp. 235, 248

Augustine Boyer d'Agen (Jean-Auguste Boye), Ingres d'apres une correspondence inédit, H. Daragon (Paris, France, 1909), pp. 101, 106, 128

Albert Dreyfus, "Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres", Die Kunst (December 1911), p. 128

Exposition Ingres, exh. cat., Galerie Georges Petit (Paris, France, 1911), no. 61

Henry Lapauze, Ingres, sa vie & son oeuvre, G. Petit (Paris, France, 1911), pp. 137, 146, 148-150, 247, repro p. 137

Louis Hourticq, Ingres: l'oeuvre du maitre, Hachette (Paris, France, 1928), p. iv, repro pp. 36, 116

David and Ingres, Paintings and Drawings, exh. cat., Springfield Museum of Fine Arts (Springfield, MA, 1939), under no. 22

Agnes Mongan, "Drawings by Ingres in the Winthrop Collection", Gazette des Beaux-Arts (July-December 1944), ser. 6, 26, p. 388 no. 1

Karl Scheffler, Ingres, A. Scherz (Bern, Switzerland, 1949), p. 19

Claude Roger-Marx, Ingres, J. Marguerat (Lausanne, Switzerland, 1949), pl. 19

Jean Alazard, Ingres et l'Ingrisme, Michel (Paris, France, 1950), pp. 54, 146 n. 30, pl. XXVII

Frank Elgar, Ingres, Les Editions du Chene (Paris, France, 1951), p. 6

Georges Wildenstein, Ingres, Phaidon Press (London, England, 1954), no. 88, pl. 36

James Parker, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, 1780-1867, The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, NY, 1955), no. 10

Pontus Grate, Deux critiques d'art de l'epoque Romantique: Gustave Planche et Theophile Thore, Almqvist & Wiksell (Stockholm, Sweden, 1959), p. 164

Martin Birnbaum, The Last Romantic (New York, NY, 1960), p. 191

Kindlers Malerei Lexicon, Kindler Verlag (Zurich, Switzerland, 1964 - 1966), vol. III, p. 384

Ingres, exh. cat., Réunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 1967), under no. 190

Ingres: Centennial Exhibition, 1867-1967. Drawings, Watercolors and Oil Sketches from American Collections, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1967), p. x

Robert Rosenblum, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, NY, 1967), pp. 62, 98-99, repr. as pl. 22 (frontispiece)

Paintings from the Bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop shown in conjunction with the Ingres Centennial Exhibition, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1967), no. I

George Levitine, "Marguerite Gerard and her Stylistic Significance", Annual III, Baltimore Museum of Art (Baltimore, MD, 1968), pp. 21-31, ill. as fig. 10 on p. 30.

Emilio Radius and Ettore Camesasca, L'opera completa di Ingres, Rizzoli (Milan, Italy, 1968), no. 72b

Agnes Mongan, "Ingres as a Great Portrait Draughtsman", Colloque Ingres, ed. Mathieu Méras and Alan Godeau, Amis du Musée Ingres (Montauban, 1969), pp. 134-50, p. 144

Pierre Angrand and Hans Naef, "Ingres et la famille de Pastoret, correspondence inedite. II", Bulletin du Musée Ingres, Amis du Musée Ingres (Montauban, France, July 1970), p. 13 n. 79

Ms. Susan Haskell, [Unidentified book] (1971), p. 64 fig. 6

Daniel Ternois and Ettore Camesasca, Tout l'oeuvre peint d'Ingres (Paris, France, 1971), no. 73b

Ossian, exh. cat., Grand Palais (Paris, France, 1974), p. 13

Pierre Barousse, "L' 'idée' chez Monsieur Ingres", Bulletin du Musée Ingres, Amis du Musée Ingres (Montauban, France, 1975), p. 166 n. 14

Search for Innocence: Primitive and Primitivistic Art of the 19th Century, exh. cat., University of Maryland (College Park, MD, 1975), pp. 40, 89

Jon Whiteley, Ingres, Oresko Books Ltd. (London, England, 1977), pp. 11-12, no. 33

Hans Naef, Die Bildniszeichnungen von J.-A.-D. Ingres (Bern, Switzerland, 1978), vol. II, p. 470

Hugh Honour, Romanticism, Harper & Row (New York, NY, 1979), p. 303

William Crawford, The Keepers of Light: A History and Working Guide to Early Photographic Processes, Morgan & Morgan (Dobbs Ferry, NY, 1979), repr., p. 33

Gaetan Picon, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Quai des Celestins, 4 (New York, NY, 1980), p. 48; repr. in color p. 49

Marjorie B. Cohn and Susan L. Siegfried, Works by J. A. D. Ingres in the Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1980), no. 15, pps. 54-57; repr. in b/w p. 55; color, detail on cover, text p. 11

Eldon N. Van Liere, "Ingres 'Raphael and the Fornarina': Reverence and Testimony", Arts magazine (December 1981), vol. LVI, no. 4, pp. 108-115, repr.

25 Great Masters of Modern Art: Ingres, Kodansha (Tokyo, Japan, 1981), repr. in color no. 24

Pablo Picasso: Das Spatwerk, exh. cat., Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf (Basel, Switzerland, 1981), repr. in b/w abb. 7, p. 18

Hans Ebert, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Hanschelverlag Kunst und Gesellschaft (Berlin, Germany, 1982), repr. in b/w for entry no. 22

Patricia Condon, Ingres, In Pursuit of Perfection: the Art of J.-A.-D. Ingres, exh. cat., Speed Art Museum (Louisville, KY, 1983), repr. b/w p. 24

Gert Schiff, Picasso: the Last Years, 1963-1973, George Braziller, Inc. (New York, NY, 1983), repr. in b/w p. 49; text p. 49-50

David Thompson, Raphael, the Life and the Legacy, British Broadcasting Corporation (London, England, 1983), repr. in color p. 237, fig 141

Richard Shiff, "Representation, Copying and the Technique of Originality", New Literary History (Winter 1984), vol. XV, no. 2, pp. 333-363, repr. in b/w p. 339

Raffaello: Elementi di un Mito, exh. cat., Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana (Florence, Italy, 1984), repr. in b/w p. 182, text p. 183

Hélène Toussaint, "Ingres et la Fornarina", Bulletin du Musée Ingres, Amis du Musée Ingres (Montauban, France, September 1986)

Rosalind E. Krauss, "Originality as Repetition: Introduction", October, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Cambridge, MA, Summer 1986), no. 37, repr. in b/w p. 39

Jefferson C. Harrison, French Paintings from the Chrysler Museum, exh. cat., Chrysler Museum of Art (Norfolk, VA, 1986), text and repr. in b/w p. 33

Kristin A. Mortimer and William G. Klingelhofer, Harvard University Art Museums: A Guide to the Collections, Harvard University Art Museums/Abbeville Press (Cambridge and New York, 1986), no. 198, p. 174, repr. in color

Jurgen Harten, ed., James Lee Byars: the Philosophical Palace, exh. cat., Städtische Kunsthalle Düsseldorf (Düsseldorf, Germany, 1986), repr. in color, pl. VIII

Robert E. McVaugh, "Turner and Rome, Raphael and the Fornarina", Studies in Romanticism (Fall 1987), vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 365-398, repr. in b/w fig. 5, p. 381

Pierre Georgel and Anne-Marie Lecoq, La Peinture dans la Peinture, Editions Adam Biro (Paris, France, 1987), repr. in color pl. X, opposite p. 81

Francis Haskell, Past and Present in Art and Taste, Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven, CT and London, England, 1987), pp. 96-98, repr. in b/w p. 97

Richard Shiff, "Phototropism (Figuring the Proper)", Retaining the Original: Multiple Originals, Copies, and Reproductions, ed. Kathleen Preciado, National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C., 1989), pp. 161-179, pp. 168-169, repr. fig. 3

Rosalind E. Krauss, "You Irreplaceable You", Retaining the Original: Multiple Originals, Copies, and Reproductions, ed. Kathleen Preciado (Washington, D.C., 1989), pp. 151-159, pp. 153-158; repr. in color on cover, in b/w p. 156 as fig. 6

Nora M. Heimann, "The Road to Thebes, a Consideration of Ingres' Antiochus and Stratonice", The Rutgers Art Review (1990), vol. II, repr. fig. 5, p. 12, text pp. 10-13

Edgar Peters Bowron, European Paintings Before 1900 in the Fogg Art Museum: A Summary Catalogue including Paintings in the Busch-Reisinger Museum, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 1990), p. 65, color plate; pp. 112, 223, repr. b/w cat. no. 266

Annalisa Zanni, Ingres: catalogo completo dei dipinti, Cantini Editore (Florence, Italy, 1990), cat. 44; color repr. p. 61

France Borel, Le Modèle ou l'Artiste Seduit, Skira Books (Geneva, Switzerland, 1990), repr. in color p. 33

Moshe Baruch, Modern Theories of Art, New York University Press (New York, NY, 1990), vol. I, repr.

Dirk Pauwels, "Raphael en de Fornarina (1842), een historisch genrestuk van Nicaise de Keyser (1813-1887), Kanttekeningen, theoretische en kristische reflecties bij een der 'parels' van het Antwerpse Salon van 1843", Jaarboek, Koninkijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten Antwerpen (Antwerp, Belgium, 1991), repr. in b/w fig. 15, p. 252

Sylvain Laveissière and Régis Michel, Gericault, exh. cat., Editions de la Réunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 1991), repr. in b/w as fig. 107

Gaetan Picon, Ingres, Skira/Rizzoli (Geneva, Switzerland/New York NY, 1991), repr. in color, p. 35

Poppi Castelnuovo, La Pittura in Italia: L'Ottocento, Volume II, Electa (Milan, Italy, 1991), pp. 542-543, fig. 779

[Eugéne-Emmanuel Pineu-Duval] Amaury-Duval, L'Atelier d'Ingres: Edition critique de l'ouvrage publié à Paris en 1878, ed. Daniel Ternois, Arthena (Paris, France, 1993), repr. in b/w fig. 75, p. 105

Marie-Hélène Huet, Monstrous Imagination, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA, 1993), repr. in b/w p. 164

Dr. Ruth Westheimer, The Art of Arousal, Abbeville Press (New York, NY, 1993), repr. in color p. 58

Urban Utopia: 19th century II, Kodansha (Tokyo, Japan, 1993), repr. in color fig. 1-22, p. 27

[Reproduction only], Studies in Romanticism, The Graduate School, Boston University (Boston, MA, Summer 1994 - Winter 1994)., repr. on cover, b/w

Barbara Maria Stafford, Artful Science: Enlightenment, Entertainment,and the Eclipse of Visual Education, MIT Press (Cambridge, MA, 1994), repr. in b/w p. 112, fig. 85

Daniel Ternois, "De bon usage des correspondances d'artistes: les lettres d'Ingres Marcotte et à Gilbert", Bulletin de la Societe de l'Histoire de l'Art francais (1995), p. 219, fig. 4

Georges Vigne, Dessins d'Ingres: Catalogue raisonné des dessins du musée de Montauban, Gallimard/Reunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 1995), pp. 168-173, repro. p. 169

Georges Vigne, Ingres, Citadelles & Mazenod and Abbeville Press (Paris, France; New York, NY, 1995), p. 122, repr. p. 124

Romantic Soul, Watano Matsuzaki Communications (Tokyo, Japan, 1995?), repr. in color, fig. 4-23, p. 90

Aileen Ribeiro, The Art of Dress: Fashion in England and France 1750 to 1820, Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven, CT and London, England, 1995), pp. 179-180, repr. in color fig. 187

James Cuno, Alvin L. Clark, Jr., Ivan Gaskell, and William W. Robinson, Harvard's Art Museums: 100 Years of Collecting, ed. James Cuno, Harvard University Art Museums/Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (Cambridge, 1996), pp. 182-3

Nadia Tscherny and Guy Stair Sainty, Romance and Chivalry: History and Literature Reflected in Early Nineteenth-Century French Painting, exh. cat., Mathiesen Fine Art Ltd / Stair Sainty Matthiesen Inc. (London, England and New York, NY, 1996), p. 162, fig. 122

Joanna Woodall, Portraiture: Facing the Subject, Manchester University Press (Manchester, England, 1997), repr. front cover

Hans Belting, Das Unsichtbare Meisterwerk, Verlag C.H. Beck (Munich, Germany, 1998), pp. 108-110, repr. as fig. 28; detail repr. as fig. 29

Hinrich Sieveking, Fuseli to Menzel: drawings and watercolors in the age of Goethe from a German private collection, exh. cat., Prestel Verlag (Munich, Germany, 1998), pp. 122-123

Valérie Bajou, Monsieur Ingres, Editions Adam Biro (Paris, France, 1999), pp. 143 -146; repr. in color fig. 96

Gary Tinterow and Philip Conisbee, Portraits by Ingres: Image of an Epoch, exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, NY, 1999), pp. 12, 13, 150-153; repr. as fig. 127

Seiyo Bijutsukan [The History of Western Art], Shogakukan Inc. (Tokyo, Japan, 1999), p. 780, repr. in color

Antoon Erftemeijer, De aap van Rembrandt: kunstenaarsanekdotes van de klassiek oudheid tot heden, Becht (Haarlem, Netherlands, 2000), repr. as frontispiece

Adrian Rifkin, Ingres, Then and Now, Routledge (London and New York, NY, 2000), p. 39; detail repr. in b/w as fig. 14, p. 30

Uwe Fleckner, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres 1780-1867, Könemann Verlagsgesellschaft (Cologne, Germany, 2000), pp. 65-66; repr. in color p. 70 as no. 66; detail repr. p. 71

Jill Berk Jimenez, ed., Dictionary of Artists' Models, Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers (London and Chicago, 2001), p. 332; repr. on cover

Alexandra Wettlaufer, Pen vs. Paintbrush: Girodet, Balzac, and the myth of Pygmalion in post-revolutionary France, Palgrave (New York, NY, 2001), repr. as fig. 6.1, p. 213

Hans Belting, The Invisible Masterpiece, Reaktion Books (London, 2001), pp. 78-79, repr. in b/w

Sabrina Draï, "Le Modèle ou la Femme oubliée dans Manette Salomon, L'oeuvre, et 'Le chef d'oeuvre inconnu'", Florida Atlantic Comparative Studies, FACS, Dept. of Languages and Linguistics, Florida Atlantic University (Boca Raton, FL, 2002), Vol. 5, p. 46, repr. in b/w

Sabine Poeschel, "Raphael und die Fornarina: Ein Bild wird Biographie", Westfalen und Italien: Festschrift für Karl Noehles, Michael Imhof-Verlag (Petersberg, Germany, 2002), pp. 285-298, p. 295; repr. p. 293 as abb. 3

Chikashi Kitazaki and Mina Oya, ed., Between Reality and Dreams: Nineteenth Century British and French Art from the Winthrop Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, exh. cat., National Museum of Western Art (Ueno, 2002), pp. 192-193, cat. #55, color repr.

Philip Hardie, Ovid's Poetics of Illusion, Cambridge University Press (U.K.) (Cambridge, U.K., 2002), pp. 209-212, repr. in b/w

Richard R. Brettell, The Robert Lehman Collection, vol. 9: Nineteenth- and twentieth-century European Drawings, Ms. Susan R. Stein (New York, NY / Princeton, NJ, 2002), under no. 21, repr. p. 44 as fig. 21.1

Stephan Wolohojian, ed., A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art and Yale University Press (New York, 2003), no. 53, pp. 157-159, repr. in color

Christopher Riopelle, Harvard's Winthrop Collection: Nineteenth-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, exh. cat., National Gallery Company Limited (London, 2003), p. 26, cat. 13, ill.

Stephan Wolohojian, Ingres, Burne-Jones, Whistler, Renoir... La Collection Grenville L. Winthrop, exh. cat., Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon and Réunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 2003), no. 53, pp. 164-166, repr. in color

Barry Venning, Turner, Phaidon (London and New York, NY, 2003), repr. p. 167 as fig. 98

Gail S. Weinberg, "D. G. Rossetti's Ownership of Botticelli's 'Smeralda Brandini'", The Burlington Magazine (January 2004), vol. CXLVI, no. 1210, pp. 20-26, p. 21

Laurence Madeline, ed., Picasso Ingres, exh. cat., Réunion des Musées Nationaux / Librairie Arthème Fayard (Paris, 2004), under no. 85

Mia Fineman, "Raphael's Other Woman: Who is the mystery lady in 'La Fornarina'?", Slate (February 2 2005), repr. in color

Michael Cole, ed., Inventions of the Studio: Renaissance to Romanticism, The University of North Carolina Press (Chapel Hill, NC, 2005), pp. 27-28, fig. 1.16

David Alan Brown and Jane Van Nimmen, Raphael & the Beautiful Banker: The Story of the Bindo Altoviti Portrait, Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven CT and London, 2005), pp. 98-101, repr. as fig. 66

Laurent Langer, "Les Tableaux Italiens de James-Alexandre Comte de Pourtales-Gorgier", Le gout pour la peinture italienne autour de 1800. Predecesseurs, modeles et concurrents du Cardinal Fesch, Musée Fesch (Ajaccio, France, 2006), pp. 261-275, repr. as Fig. 1 on p. 262.

Vincent Pomarède, Stéphane Guégan, Louis-Antoine Prat, and Eric Bertin, Ingres 1780-1867, exh. cat., Editions Gallimard (Paris, France, 2006), pp. 71-72; repr. pp. 73 as ill. 45, p. 218 as ill. 160

Karin H. Grimme, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, 1780-1867, Taschen GmbH (Cologne, Germany, 2006), p. 26, repr. in color

Laurie Adams, The Making and Meaning of Art, Pearson Education, U.S. (Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2006), p. 134; repr. in color as fig. 7.8, p. 135

Marina Wallace, Martin Kemp, and Joanne Bernstein, Seduced: Art and Sex from Antiquity to Now, Merrell Publishers Ltd. (London, 2007), p. 160 and p. 248, repr. in color p. 160

Elizabeth Cowling and Michael Fitzgerald, Picasso's Marie-Therese, exh. cat., Acquavella Galleries (New York, 2008), pp. 37-38; repr. in color on p. 38.

Susan L. Siegfried, Ingres: Painting Reimagined, Yale University Press (New Haven, 2009), pp. 115, 148,177-191 , repr. in color p. 178 as fig. 95, detail repr. in color p. 115 as fig. 60 and p. 190

David Solkin, ed., Turner and the Masters, exh. cat., Tate Gallery Publishing Limited (London, 2009), p. 169, fig. 62

Robert Cozzolino, ed., Narcissus in the Studio: Artist Portraits and Self-Portraits, exh. cat., Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (Philadelphia, 2010), p. 22, repr. p. 20 as fig. 10

Andreas Henning and Jürgen Müller, "Die multiplen Leben des Raffael. Aspekte der Rezeption von Werk und Persönlichkeit dieses Künstlers, Jahrbuch der Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden (2012), 38, pp. 119-134, p. 122, repr. p. 121 as fig. 3

Sebastian Smee, "Frame by Frame: Hero Worship, with Nerve", The Boston Globe (Boston, June 12, 2012), section G, p. 3, repr.

Cinematic Subjects: The Art of Sun Smith-Foret and Jamie Adams, brochure (2012), p. 5, repr.

William H. Robinson, Picasso and the Mysteries of Life: La Vie, exh. cat., Cleveland Museum of Art and D. Giles (Cleveland,OH and London, 2012), p. 42, fig. 25, ill. (color)

James Hall, "Worn out by love, or work?" [review of Antonio Forcellino,"Raphael: A Passionate Life"], The Times Literary Supplement (January 11, 2013), no. 5728, pp. 5, 7, p. 5, repr. on cover

Sarah Betzer, Artist as Lover: Rereading Ingres's Raphael and the Fornarina, Oxford Art Journal, Oxford University Press (UK) (Oxford, 2015), vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 313-341, pp. 315-316 + 327-328 + 332 + 339, fig. 1, repr. p. 316

"A Clearer View of the Collections", Index Magazine, Harvard Art Museums (December 5, 2017), https://www.harvardartmuseums.org/article/a-clearer-view-of-the-collections, accessed December 12, 2017

James Hall, "The Two Duchamps", Tate Etc. (Summer 2017), No. 40, pp. 86-91, pp. 88-89, repr. p. 88

Emmanuelle Brugerolles, Ingres et ses élèves, exh. cat., Beaux-arts de Paris éditions (Paris, 2017), p. 35, repr. p. 36 as ill. 1

Exhibition History

Annual Exhibition, 1814, Musée Royal des Arts, Paris, 11/01/1814 - 12/31/1814

Tableaux, etudes peintes, dessins et croquis de J.-A.-D. Ingres peintre d'histoire, sénateur, membre de l'Institut, École Impériale des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 04/10/1867 - 12/31/1867

Exposition Ingres, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, 04/26/1911 - 05/14/1911

Paintings from the Bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop shown in conjunction with the Ingres Centennial Exhibition, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 02/12/1967 - 04/09/1967

Master Paintings from the Fogg Collection, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/13/1977 - 08/31/1977

Works by J.-A.-D. Ingres in the Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 10/17/1980 - 12/07/1980

Masterpieces of European Art, Busch-Reisinger Museum, Cambridge, 06/22/1985 - 09/15/1985

Between Reality and Dreams: Nineteenth Century British and French Art from the Winthrop Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 09/14/2002 - 12/08/2002

A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon, Lyon, 03/15/2003 - 05/26/2003; National Gallery, London, 06/25/2003 - 09/14/2003; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 10/23/2003 - 01/25/2004

For Students of Art and Lovers of Beauty: Highlights from the Collection of Grenville L. Winthrop, Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/16/2004

Re-View: S424-426 Western Art from 1560 to 1900, Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 08/16/2008 - 06/18/2011

Ancient to Modern, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 01/31/2012 - 06/01/2013

32Q: 2200 19th Century, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/01/2014

Subjects and Contexts

Google Art Project

Iconic Works

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu