© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
Edward Burne-Jones, British (Birmingham, England 1833 - 1898 London, England)
Frame by M. Grieve Co.
Work Type
Physical Descriptions
Watercolor and gouache on white paper mounted on very fine canvas, formerly attached to stretcher
122.2 x 45.7 cm (48 1/8 x 18 in.)
frame: 134.6 x 58.4 x 6.4 cm (53 x 23 x 2 1/2 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • inscription: back of frame, incised: (twice): M. GRIEVE CO. / HAND CARVED / NEW YORK & LONDON
  • label: formerly cardboard back of frame (now in file), printed and inscribed: [cut-out from sale catalogue]: E. BURNE-JONES, A.R.A., 1870. / 43 NIGHT AND MORNING--a pair--in water colours / 47 1/2 in. by 17 1/2 in.; also inscribed in brown ink: Purchased for J. Ruston Esq. by Thomas / Agnew & Sons, at the sale of the Leyland / Collection 28th May, 1892
  • gallery label: formerly cardboard back of frame (now in file), printed and inscribed: SCOTT & FOWLES / 680 FIFTH AVENUE / NEW YORK / No. 5904 [in black ink]
  • label: formerly cardboard back of frame (now in file), printed and inscribed: This Picture, being painted in WATER / COLOUR, would be injured by the slight- / est moisture. / Great care must be used whenever / it is removed from the Frame. / Inscribed on label in brown ink: Edward Burne-Jones
  • inscription: lower right of threshold, graphite, in artist's hand: HAS IMAGINES PINXIT E BURNE JONES / MDCCCLXX
Commissioned from the artist by Frederick R. Leyland, London; his sale, Christie's London, May 28, 1892, no. 43 (£1,415); purchased at that sale by Tomas Agnew and Sons, London; Joseph Rushton; his sale, Christie's, London, May 21-23, 1898, no. 26 (£1,050); purchased at sale by Thomas Agnew and Sons, London; James Ross, Montreal, by 1901; his sale, Christie's, London, July 8, 1927, no. 1 (£231); purchased at that sale by Leggatt Brothers; Scott and Fowles, New York, 1927; acquired from them by Grenville L. Winthrop, October 18, 1927 ($3,000); his bequest to the Fogg Art Museum, 1943.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art
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Label Text: 32Q: 2130 19th Century , written 2015
Burne-Jones painted the large watercolors Day and Night, along with four panels depicting the seasons, for the shipping magnate and collector Frederick R. Leyland’s house in London. The youthful figure of Day, wreathed in morning mist and holding a torch, is poised at the threshold of a newly made day above an imaginary seaport. Night, in front of a star-spangled sky and dusky sea, extinguishes her torch and summons sleep. The artist’s close friend William Morris composed quatrains for each of the panels, inscribed below the entryways. Burne-Jones’s conceptions, along with the verses by Morris, resonate with the elemental shadows of life and death behind the personifications of Day and Night: “Awake arise from death to death” and “Thoughts unsaid twixt life and death.” Like many of Burne-Jones’s works, these two panels are executed in watercolor. His assistant noted that “when he painted in oil or watercolor he liked the same result, one like fresco or egg tempera,
so he has puzzled people about his medium’s identity.”

[1943.460, 1943.461]

Publication History

"Society of Painters in Water-Colours" Sixty-sixth Exhibition, Art Journal (June 1870), pg. 173

"The Grosvenor Gallery", Art Journal (London, July 1878), pg. 155

"The Grosvenor Gallery", The Times (London, May 2, 1878), pg. 7

Paul Leprieur, "Burne-Jones, décorateur et ornemaniste", Gazette des beaux arts (November 1, 1892), ser 3, 8, pg. 386

Lionel Robinson, "The Leyland Collection", Art Journal (May 1892), pg. 138

Malcolm Bell, Edward Burne-Jones: A Record and Review, George Bell and Sons, Ltd. (London, England, 1892), pp. 5, 22, 30, 42, 63, 97, 109

Julia Cartwright, "The Life and Work of Sir Edward Burne-Jones", Art Annual (London, Christmas number of the Art Journal 1894), pg. 17

Claude Phillips, "The Rushton Collection. The Modern Pictures - I, II", Magazine of Art (January 1894), 17, pp. 97-98

Otto von Schleinitz, Burne-Jones, Velhagen und Klassing (Leipzig, Germany, 1901), pg. 26

Lady Georgiana Burne-Jones, Memorials of Edward Burne-Jones (2 vols.) (London, England, 1904), vol. II, pp. 9-10

Fortunée De Lisle, Burne-Jones, Methuen & Co. (London, England, 1906), pp. 105-6, 182

Malcolm Bell, Sir Edward Burne-Jones: A Bibliographical Study, G. Newnes Ltd. (London, 1909), pp. 29-30, pl. XXIV

"The Residence of Commander J.K.L. Ross, Peel Street, Montreal", Canadian Homes and Gardens (September 1926), 3, pp. 29-32

A.M. Gianelli, "Montreal Collection is Auctioned at Christie's", Canadian Homes and Gardens (September 1927), pp. 34-35

"Pre-Raphaelites", Bulletin of the Fogg Art Museum, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, November 1943), vol. X, pp. 62-63, pg. 26

Paintings and Drawings of the Pre-Raphaelites and their Circle, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1946), no. 17, repr.

John Christian, Burne-Jones: The Paintings, Graphic and Decorative Work of Sir Edward Burne-Jones, exh. cat., Arts Council of Great Britain, London (London, England, 1975), under no. 109, p. 44

Janet M. Brooke, Discerning Tastes: Montreal Collectors 1880-1920, exh. cat., The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (Montreal, Canada, 1989), pp. 132, 177

Russell Ash, Sir Edward Burne-Jones, Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, NY, 1993), pl. 6 (color) + text opposite

Katharine A. Lochnan, ed., The Earthly Paradise: Arts and Crafts by William Morris and His Circle from Canadian Collections, exh. cat., Art Gallery of Ontario (Toronto, Canada, 1993), p. 22; repr. fig. 1

Christopher Newall, The Grosvenor Gallery Exhibitions: Change and Continuity in the Victorian Art World, Cambridge University Press (U.K.) (Cambridge, 1995), p. 57

Andrew Wilton and Robert Upstone, The Age of Rossetti, Burne-Jones and Watts: Symbolism in Britain 1860-1910, exh. cat., Flammarion (Paris, France and New York, NY, 1997), under no. 27

Christopher Wood, Burne-Jones: The Life and Works of Sir Edward Burne-Jones (1833-1898), Weidenfeld & Nicolson (London, England, 1998), pp. 70-71

Stephen Wildman and John Christian, Edward Burne-Jones: Victorian Artist-Dreamer, exh. cat., Metropolitan Museum of Art / Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, NY, 1998), p. 116, under no. 84

Chikashi Kitazaki, ed., Between Reality and Dreams: Nineteenth Century British and French Art from the Winthrop Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, exh. cat., National Museum of Western Art (Ueno, Japan, 2002), cat. no. 52-2, repr. (color)

Vincent Pomarède, "La Collection Winthrop: A la recherche de la beauté pure", L'Estampille/L'Objet d'art (April 2003), no. 379, pp. 34-45, p. 44

Stephan Wolohojian, ed., A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art and Yale University Press (New York, NY, 2003), cat. no. 156, repr. (color)

Stephan Wolohojian, Ingres, Burne-Jones, Whistler, Renoir... La Collection Grenville L. Winthrop, exh. cat., Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon and Réunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 2003), no. 156, repr.

Stephan Wolohojian, ed., Harvard Art Museum/ Handbook, Harvard Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 2008), p. 160, repr.

Victorian & British Impressionist Art, auct. cat., Christie's, London (London, July 11, 2013), p. 53

Fiona Mann, "A 'born rebel': Edward Burne-Jones and watercolour painting 1857-80", The Burlington Magazine (October 2014), CLVI, no. 1339, pp. 657-664, p. 660

Exhibition History

Sixty-sixth Exhibition, Old Water-Colour Society, Dudley Gallery, London, 01/01/1870 - 12/31/1870

Summer Exhibition, Grosvenor Gallery, London, 05/01/1878 - 08/05/1878

Grand Loan Exhibition of Pictures from Lancashire Collections, and Exhibition of the Liverpool Society of Painters in Water-Colours and Liver Sketching Club, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, Liverpool, 01/01/1886 - 07/31/1886

Exhibition of the Works of Edward Burne-Jones, New Gallery, London, 01/01/1892 - 12/31/1893

Paintings and Drawings of the Pre-Raphaelites and their Circle, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/08/1946 - 06/01/1946

Between Reality and Dreams: Nineteenth Century British and French Art from the Winthrop Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 09/14/2002 - 12/08/2002

A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon, Lyon, 03/15/2003 - 05/26/2003; National Gallery, London, 06/25/2003 - 09/14/2003; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 10/23/2003 - 01/25/2004

32Q: 2130 19th Century, Harvard Art Museums, 04/07/2015 - 11/10/2015

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu