© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Gallery Text

This spectacular sheet served as the model for an engraving published around 1610, but the drawing may date from several years earlier. The contours have been incised for transfer to the engraving plate, and the print reproduces the design in reverse and bears an inscription that identifies De Gheyn as author of the composition. The Latin and Dutch verses in the print elaborate obliquely on the sexual imagery of the scene. In 16th- and 17th-century Dutch art and literature, milkmaids had a reputation for easy virtue, and this saucy peasant woman, having donned the crossbowman’s hat, assists him in aiming his bolt, which is conspicuously aligned with his distended codpiece.

Identification and Creation
Object Number
1953.86
People
Jacques de Gheyn II, Dutch (Antwerp, Netherlands 1565 - 1629 The Hague, Netherlands)
Title
Crossbowman Assisted by a Milkmaid
Classification
Drawings
Work Type
drawing
Date
c. 1600-1610
Culture
Dutch
Physical Descriptions
Medium
Brown ink, gray and brown wash over black and red chalk on off-white antique laid paper, incised, framing line in brown ink, mounted on a gilt and hand-colored mount of blue paper
Dimensions
39 x 32.5 cm (15 3/8 x 12 13/16 in.)
mount: 43.7 x 37.8 cm (17 3/16 x 14 7/8 in.)
framed: 73 x 61 cm (28 3/4 x 24 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • watermark: none visible
Provenance
Perhaps Samuel van Huls, The Hague, sold; [The Hague, Swart, 14 May 1736 and following days, lot I. 365]. Perhaps Jeronimus Tonneman, Amsterdam, sold; [Amsterdam, De Leth, 21 October 1754 and following days, lot H. 74]; to Rostaart.[2] Martin Folkes, London, sold; [Langford, London, 15 January 1756 and following days, sixth night’s sale, lot 39.] [Blumka Gallery, New York], sold; to Meta and Paul J. Sachs, Cambridge, Mass. (without his mark, L. 2091); Gift of Meta and Paul J. Sachs, 1953.86

Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Gift of Meta and Paul J. Sachs
Accession Year
1953
Object Number
1953.86
Division
European and American Art
Contact
am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu
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Descriptions
Description
Decorated paper border.
Publication History

Jakob Rosenberg, "A Drawing by Jacques de Gheyn", The Art Quarterly (Summer 1954), vol. XVII, pp. 166-171, pp. 166-71, repr. pp. 169-170, figs. 1, 3, and 4

An Exhibition of Dutch and Flemish Drawings and Watercolors, checklist, Unpublished (1954), cat. no. 42, p. 11

Fogg Art Museum Annual Report, 1953-1954, 1954, p. 27

Highlights from the Collections of the Fogg Museum and Harvard Alumni of St. Louis, exh. cat., City Art Museum of St. Louis (St. Louis, 1964), cat. no. 9, n.p.

Agnes Mongan, Memorial Exhibition: Works of Art from the Collection of Paul J. Sachs [1878-1965] : given and bequeathed to the Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, exh. cat., Harvard University (Cambridge, MA, 1965), cat. no. 17, n.p., repr., and p. 206

Paintings, Sculpture and Drawings from the Fogg Art Museum, exh. cat., Albright-Knox Art Gallery (Buffalo, NY, 1967), cat. no. 11

Stephen E. Ostrow, Visions and Revisions, exh. cat., Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design (Providence, 1968), cat. no. XV 1, p. 34, repr. pl. XV, fig. 1

Vassar College Art Gallery, Dutch Mannerism: Apogee and Epilogue, exh. cat., Vassar College Art Gallery (Poughkeepsie, NY, 1970), cat. no. 41, pp. 37-38, repr. pl. 32, fig. 41

Franklin W. Robinson, Seventeenth Century Dutch Drawings from American Collections, exh. cat., International Exhibitions Foundation (Washington, D.C, 1977), cat. no. 7, pp. xiii, 13, and 10-11, repr. fig. 7

R. Adèr, "De boogschutter en het meisje", Boymans bijdragen; opstellen van medewerkers en oud-medewerkers van het Museum Boymans-van Beuningen voor J.C. Ebbinge Wubben, Stichting Museum Boymans-van Beuningen (Rotterdam, 1978), pp. 59-64, pp. 59 and 64

Konrad Oberhuber, European Master Drawings of Six Centuries from the Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, exh. cat., National Museum of Western Art (Tokyo, 1979), cat. no. 47, n.p., repr. pl. 47

[Reproduction only], "Calendar", Harvard University Gazette, (December 12, 1980)., repr. pp. 8-9

The Draughtsman at Work. Drawing in the Golden Century of Dutch Art, checklist (unpublished, 1980), no. 36

Liam Hudson, Bodies of Knowledge, Weidenfeld & Nicolson (London, 1982), repr. pl. 7

I. Q. van Regteren Altena, Jacques de Gheyn: Three Generations, M. Nijhoff Publishers (The Hague, Boston and London, 1983), vol. 1, p. 99, vol. 2, cat. no. II 217, pp. 55-56, repr. vol. 3, p. 187, pl. 373

A. Th. van Deursen and Emil Karel Josef Reznicek, Jacques de Gheyn II: Drawings, exh. cat., Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen (Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 1985), cat. no. 64 and under cat. no. 65, pp. 69-70, repr. fig. 64

Peter C. Sutton, A Guide to Dutch Art in America, Netherlands-American Amity Trust and Eerdmans (Washington, D.C. and Grand Rapids, MI, 1986), p. 39, repr. fig. 50

Kristin A. Mortimer and William G. Klingelhofer, Harvard University Art Museums: A Guide to the Collections, Harvard University Art Museums and Abbeville Press (Cambridge and New York, 1986), no. 268, p. 230, repr.

Emil Karel Josef Reznicek, "[Review] Jacques de Gheyn Three Generations", Oud Holland (1988), vol. 1-2, no. 1, pp. 78-87, p. 84

Jan Piet Filedt Kok, "Jacques de Gheyn II: Engraver, Designer, and Publisher -- II, A Catalogue", Print Quarterly (December 1990), vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 370 - 396, under cat. no. 108, p. 379

[Reproduction only], "Structure-Based Drug Design: an End to Trail and Error?", Harvard Science Review, (Winter 1993)., repr. p. 22

Ger Luijten, ed., Dawn of the golden age: northern Netherlandish art, 1580-1620, exh. cat., Rijksmuseum Amsterdam and Waanders Uitgevers (Amsterdam and Zwolle, 1993), under cat. no. 282, pp. 610-11

Philipp Ackermann, Textfunktion und Bild in Genreszenen der niederländischen Graphik des 17. Jahrhunderts, Verlag Und Datenbank Für Geisteswissenschaften (Alfter, 1993), p. 155, repr. p. 207, fig. XIV.1

F. W. H. Hollstein, The New Hollstein : Dutch & Flemish etchings, engravings, and woodcuts, 1450-1700, Koninklijke van Poll, Rijksprentenkabinet, Rijksmuseum, and Sound + Vision Publishers (Roosendall, Rotterdam, and Ouderkerk aan den IJssel, 1993 - ongoing), vol. 9, part 1, under cat. no. 156, p. 237 and p. xxxvi

Andreas Hahn, "--dat zy de aanschouwers schynen te willen aanspreken" : Untersuchungen zur Rolle des Betrachters in der Niederlandischen Malerei des 17. Jahrhunderts, Tuduv-Verlagsgesellschaft (München, 1996), p. 195

Emil Karel Josef Reznicek, "Jacques de Gheyn II", The Dictionary of Art, ed. Jane Turner (1996), vol. 12, pp. 529-32, p. 531, repr.

Leo Wuyts, "De blauwe schutter: Een onderzoek naar de betekenis van de prent Een boogschutter en een melkmeid naar een ontwerp van Jacques De Gheyn II", Flandrica (1997), vol. 13, pp. 115-160, pp. 116 and 126 (n. 3), repr. p. 143, fig. 3

E. de Jongh and Ger Luijten, Mirror of everyday life: Genreprints in the Netherlands 1550-1700, exh. cat., Rijksmuseum Amsterdam and Snoeck Decajou & Zoon (Amsterdam/Ghent, 1997), under cat. no. 21, pp. 129 and 132 (n. 1)

Claudia Swan, The Preparation for the Sabbath by Jacques de Gheyn II: The Issue of Inversion, Print Quarterly (1999), vol. XVI, no. 4, pp. 327-339, pp. 331 and 337, repr. p. 333, fig. 177

Fine Prints from Six Centuries, auct. cat. (London/New York, 2003), under cat. no. 36, n.p.

"Gheyn, de: Jacques de Gheyn II", website, 2007

British Museum collections website, website, 2009, under catalogue entry for Stock/De Gheyn, Archer and Milkmaid, reg. no. 1878,0713.2636

Stijn Alsteens, [Review] William W. Robinson, with Susan Anderson, "Drawings from the Age of Bruegel, Rubens, and Rembrandt: Highlights from the Collection of the Harvard Art Museums", Master Drawings (Winter 2015), LIII, no. 4, pp. 531-534, p. 532

William W. Robinson and Susan Anderson, Drawings from the Age of Bruegel, Rubens, and Rembrandt: Highlights from the Collection of the Harvard Art Museums, Harvard Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2016), p. 15; cat. no. 40, pp. 145-147, repr. p. 146

Franklin Einspruch, Fuse Visual Art Review: A Pair of Drawing Shows at the Harvard Art Museums, The Arts Fuse ([e-journal], June 9, 2016), http://artsfuse.org/146319/fuse-visual-arts-review-a-pair-of-drawing-shows-at-the-harvard-art-museums/, accessed June 9, 2016

Exhibition History

An Exhibition of Dutch and Flemish Drawings and Watercolors, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/01/1954 - 04/30/1954

The Drawing, Pomona College Gallery, 09/22/1960 - 10/16/1960

Highlights from the Collection of the Fogg Art Museum and Harvard Alumni of St. Louis, City Art Museum of St. Louis, St. Louis, 01/30/1964 - 03/01/1964

Memorial Exhibition: Works of Art from the Collection of Paul J. Sachs [1878-1965] Given and Bequeathed to the Fogg Art Museum Harvard University Cambridge, Massachusetts, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 11/15/1965 - 01/15/1966; Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York, 12/19/1966 - 02/26/1967

Paintings, Sculpture and Drawings from the Fogg Art Museum, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, 05/08/1967 - 06/11/1967

Visions and Revisions, Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, 10/18/1968 - 11/24/1968

Dutch Mannerism: Apogee and Epilogue, Vassar College Art Gallery, Poughkeepsie, 04/15/1970 - 06/07/1970

Seventeenth Century Dutch Drawings from American Collections, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 01/30/1977 - 03/13/1977; Denver Art Museum, Denver, 04/01/1977 - 05/15/1977; Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, 06/01/1977 - 07/15/1977

European Master Drawings of Six Centuries from the Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 11/03/1979 - 12/16/1979

The Draughtsman at Work. Drawing in the Golden Century of Dutch Art, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 11/21/1980 - 01/04/1981

Jacques de Gheyn II 1565-1629 drawings, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 03/09/1986 - 05/11/1986

Drawings from the Age of Bruegel, Rubens, and Rembrandt, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 05/21/2016 - 08/14/2016

Subjects and Contexts

Dutch, Flemish, & Netherlandish Drawings

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu