- Gallery Text
In 1905, the academically trained Mondrian saw a large exhibition of Van Gogh’s work at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam, and the show made a lasting impression on him. Over the next two years, he sought new forms of expression in landscapes; this large, broadly executed drawing of a farmstead in the Netherlands was created during that time.
Often contemplative in mood, Mondrian’s symbolist landscapes can also be understood in connection with the artist’s interest in theosophy, which began around 1900 and gradually deepened, leading him to join the Dutch Theosophical Society in 1909. This esoteric form of philosophy saw divinity as omnipresent, and so Mondrian came to view art as an expression of both the external appearance and the spiritual essence of beings and objects.
- Identification and Creation
- Object Number
Piet Mondrian, Dutch (Amersfoort, The Netherlands 1872 - 1944 New York, N.Y.)
- Other Titles
Former Title: Landscape (Twente Farm Buildings Surrounded by Trees IV)
Former Title: Landscape
- Work Type
- Physical Descriptions
- Charcoal, black, red, and white chalk on tan wove paper, mounted to paper, then mounted to canvas and stretched around a stretcher
- 96.1 x 141.1 cm (37 13/16 x 55 9/16 in.)
- Inscriptions and Marks
- label: Back of stretcher (per letter Miriam Stewart 1998): [Printed:] Pitt & Scott Ltd, Paris; [Handwritten:] Frumkin / of 308-62
- label: Per letter Miriam Stewart 1998 (file): [Printed:] Pitt & Scott Ltd, Paris; [handwritten:] Paysage / 4 / 5 / 62 / Quai des / Grands / Augustins
- label: Per letter Miriam Stewart 1998 (file): [Printed:] Allan Stone Galleries / 48 E. 86th Street / New York 28, New York
- The artist, sold; to J. S. F. Esser, to; Carla Esser, Paris. Allan Frumkin, Chicago and New York. James Goodman, Buffalo, New York. [Allan Stone Galleries, New York, New York], partial gift, partial purchase; to Fogg Art Museum, 1963.
- Acquisition and Rights
- Credit Line
- Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Contemporary Art Fund and Gift of Allan Stone, Class of 1954
- © Mondrian/Holtzman Trust
- Accession Year
- Object Number
- Modern and Contemporary Art
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- Publication History
Patrick J. Kelleher, College Museum Notes, Art Journal (1964), XXIII/3, p. 240, 12 (only reproduction)
Emily S. Rauh, Recent Accessions. Piet Mondrian Landscape, Fogg Art Museum Newsletter (1964), 1, no. 4, May 1864
Michel Seuphor, Piet Mondrian, sa vie, son oeuvre, Flammarion (Paris, 1970), nr. 209 of 'list of all Known Works'
Robert Welsh, Piet Mondrian's early career: the 'naturalistic' periods, Garland Publishers, Inc. (New York, 1977), p. 100, fig. 165
Kristin A. Mortimer and William G. Klingelhofer, Harvard University Art Museums: A Guide to the Collections, Harvard University Art Museums and Abbeville Press (Cambridge and New York, 1986), no. 301, p. 257, repr.
Eric M. Rosenberg and Miriam Stewart, The Harvest of 1830: The Barbizon Legacy, exh. cat., Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 1990), p. 19
Joop M. Joosten and Robert Welsh, Piet Mondrian: Catalogue Raisonné, Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, 1998), cat. no. A541, p. 373, repr.
Marty Bax, Complete Mondrian, Lund Humphries (Burlington, VT, 2001), p. 418, repr.
Marjan van Heteren, The Mondrian Mystery, exh. cat., Waanders Uitgevers and Stedelijk Museum Alkmaar (Zwolle and Alkmaar, The Netherlands, 2018), pp. 14-20, fig. 15, ill. (color)
- Exhibition History
The Harvest of 1830: the Barbizon Legacy, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 08/25/1990 - 10/21/1990
Van Gogh to Mondrian: Dutch Works on Paper, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, 07/25/2000 - 11/05/2000
Flowers of Evil: Symbolist Drawings, 1870–1910, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 05/21/2016 - 08/14/2016
This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Modern and Contemporary Art at firstname.lastname@example.org