© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Gallery Text

In 1905, the academically trained Mondrian saw a large exhibition of Van Gogh’s work at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam, and the show made a lasting impression on him. Over the next two years, he sought new forms of expression in landscapes; this large, broadly executed drawing of a farmstead in the Netherlands was created during that time.

Often contemplative in mood, Mondrian’s symbolist landscapes can also be understood in connection with the artist’s interest in theosophy, which began around 1900 and gradually deepened, leading him to join the Dutch Theosophical Society in 1909. This esoteric form of philosophy saw divinity as omnipresent, and so Mondrian came to view art as an expression of both the external appearance and the spiritual essence of beings and objects.

Identification and Creation
Object Number
1963.122
People
Piet Mondrian, Dutch (Amersfoort, The Netherlands 1872 - 1944 New York, N.Y.)
Title
Farmstead
Other Titles
Former Title: Landscape (Twente Farm Buildings Surrounded by Trees IV)
Former Title: Landscape
Classification
Drawings
Work Type
drawing
Date
1906-1907
Culture
Dutch
Physical Descriptions
Medium
Charcoal, black, red, and white chalk on tan wove paper, mounted to paper, then mounted to canvas and stretched around a stretcher
Dimensions
96.1 x 141.1 cm (37 13/16 x 55 9/16 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • label: Back of stretcher (per letter Miriam Stewart 1998): [Printed:] Pitt & Scott Ltd, Paris; [Handwritten:] Frumkin / of 308-62
  • label: Per letter Miriam Stewart 1998 (file): [Printed:] Pitt & Scott Ltd, Paris; [handwritten:] Paysage / 4 / 5 / 62 / Quai des / Grands / Augustins
  • label: Per letter Miriam Stewart 1998 (file): [Printed:] Allan Stone Galleries / 48 E. 86th Street / New York 28, New York
Provenance
The artist, sold; to J. S. F. Esser, to; Carla Esser, Paris. Allan Frumkin, Chicago and New York. James Goodman, Buffalo, New York. [Allan Stone Galleries, New York, New York], partial gift, partial purchase; to Fogg Art Museum, 1963.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Contemporary Art Fund and Gift of Allan Stone, Class of 1954
Copyright
© Mondrian/Holtzman Trust
Accession Year
1963
Object Number
1963.122
Division
Modern and Contemporary Art
Contact
am_moderncontemporary@harvard.edu
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Publication History

Patrick J. Kelleher, College Museum Notes, Art Journal (1964), XXIII/3, p. 240, 12 (only reproduction)

Emily S. Rauh, Recent Accessions. Piet Mondrian Landscape, Fogg Art Museum Newsletter (1964), 1, no. 4, May 1864

Michel Seuphor, Piet Mondrian, sa vie, son oeuvre, Flammarion (Paris, 1970), nr. 209 of 'list of all Known Works'

Robert Welsh, Piet Mondrian's early career: the 'naturalistic' periods, Garland Publishers, Inc. (New York, 1977), p. 100, fig. 165

Kristin A. Mortimer and William G. Klingelhofer, Harvard University Art Museums: A Guide to the Collections, Harvard University Art Museums and Abbeville Press (Cambridge and New York, 1986), no. 301, p. 257, repr.

Eric M. Rosenberg and Miriam Stewart, The Harvest of 1830: The Barbizon Legacy, exh. cat., Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 1990), p. 19

Joop M. Joosten and Robert Welsh, Piet Mondrian: Catalogue Raisonné, Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, 1998), cat. no. A541, p. 373, repr.

Marty Bax, Complete Mondrian, Lund Humphries (Burlington, VT, 2001), p. 418, repr.

Exhibition History

The Harvest of 1830: the Barbizon Legacy, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 08/25/1990 - 10/21/1990

Van Gogh to Mondrian: Dutch Works on Paper, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, 07/25/2000 - 11/05/2000

Flowers of Evil: Symbolist Drawings, 1870–1910, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 05/21/2016 - 08/14/2016

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Modern and Contemporary Art at am_moderncontemporary@harvard.edu