recto © President and Fellows of Harvard College
Gallery Text

More than 50 drawings in various media have been attributed to this distinctive hand, but the draftsman’s identity remains unknown. Style and technique indicate an artist presumably of Netherlandish origin and active at the end of the 16th century. He occasionally incorporated motifs from Dürer’s prints into his work, but was so conversant with Italian art that he must have traveled south of the Alps. The striding, full-length figures at the left and right reflect his firsthand knowledge of paintings by Italian masters, and the use of the chalk medium for studies of figural compositions, which was rare in the Netherlands, indicates his familiarity with Italian practice.

Identification and Creation
Object Number
1994.147
People
Master of the Egmont Albums, Netherlandish (active c. 1575 - 1620)
Title
The Adoration of the Shepherds; verso: The Virgin and Child in the Clouds, Surrounded by Angels
Classification
Drawings
Work Type
drawing
Date
c. 1590
Culture
Flemish
Physical Descriptions
Medium
Black chalk on light tan antique laid paper, framing line in brown ink; verso: black chalk
Dimensions
36.7 x 26.4 cm (14 7/16 x 10 3/8 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • inscription: verso, upper right of image, brown ink: Polidoor
  • collector's mark: on former paper, in curatorial file, purple ink, stamp: L. 2799a (Hans van Leeuwen)
  • watermark: Cockatrice/gryphon/basilisk holding the arms of Basel with N below; variant of Tschudin 288 and 290 (both House of Heusler, Basel, 1585)
Provenance
Dr. J. Schouten, Delft. [C. Deirkauf, Utrecht, 1963]. Hans van Leeuwen, Amsterdam (L. 2799a, former mount), sold; [Christie's, Amsterdam, 24 November 1992, lot 69, repr.]; to Vermeer Associates Ltd., Brampton, Ontario; sold; to Harvard University Art Museums, 1994; The Kate, Maurice R. and Melvin R. Seiden Special Purchase Fund, 1994.147.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, The Kate, Maurice R. and Melvin R. Seiden Special Purchase Fund
Accession Year
1994
Object Number
1994.147
Division
European and American Art
Contact
am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu
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Publication History

Hans Redeker, De Verzameling van Bernard Houthakker, ed. J. W. Niemeijer, Rijksmuseum Amsterdam (Amsterdam, 1964), under cat. no. 59, p. 26

Tekeningen uit de Collectie Hans van Leeuwen, exh. cat. (Nijmegen, The Netherlands, 1965), cat. no. 1, p. 7

Tentoonstelling Oude Tekeningen Uit Drie Eeuwen Collectie Hans van Leeuwen, exh. cat., Museum Princessehof (Leeuwarden, The Netherlands, 5 February - 8 March 1966), cat. no. 1, n.p.

Niederländische Zeichnungen des 17. bis 19. Jahrhunderts aus der Sammlung Hans van Leeuwen Utrecht, exh. cat., Rheinland Verlag (Düsseldorf, 1968), cat. no. 97, pp. 40-42, repr. p. 67

Egbert Haverkamp-Begemann and Anne-Marie Logan, European Drawings and Watercolors in the Yale University Art Gallery: 1500-1900 (New Haven, CT and London, England, 1970), vol. 1, under cat. nos. 496-499, p. 267 (n. 6).

Niederländische Zeichnungen des 17. bis 19. Jahrhunderts aus der Sammlung Hans van Leeuwen Utrecht, exh. cat., Städtisches Museum Schloss Rheydt (Rheydt, The Netherlands, 2 September - 17 October 1971), cat. no. 54, n.p.

L. C. J. Frerichs and Peter Schatborn, De Verzameling van H. van Leeuwen, exh. cat., Rijksmuseum Amsterdam (Amsterdam, 1975), cat. no. 155, p. 90, repr. fig. 1

L. Brozek-Dolezal and J. C. de Graaf-Oorthuys, Nederlandse Tekeningen uit drie Eeuwen, exh. cat., Centraal Museum Utrecht (Utrecht, The Netherlands, 29 April - 25 June 1978), cat. no. 39, pp. 28-29, repr.

Karel G. Boon, Netherlandish Drawings of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries. Catalogue of Dutch and Flemish Drawings in the Rijksmuseum, Volume II., Government Publishing Office (The Hague, 1978), part I, under cat. no. 516, p. 193

Kunsthalle Bremen, Meisterzeichnungen aus drei Jahrhunderten: Niederländische Handzeichnungen des 17. bis 19. Jahrhunderts aus der Sammlung Hans van Leeuwen, exh. cat., Kunsthalle Bremen (Bremen, 1979), cat. no. 39, n.p., repr.

Hans Mielke, "[Review]: Netherlandish Drawings of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries by K. G. Boon", Simiolus: Netherlands Quarterly for the History of Art (1980), vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 39-50, p. 49

Meisterzeichnungen aus Drei Jahrhunderten. Neiderländische Handzeichnungen des 17. bis 19. Jahrhunderts aus der Sammlung Hans van Leeuwen, exh. cat. (Braunschweig, 10 January - 10 February 1980), cat. no. 39, n.p., repr.

Musée d'Art et d'Histoire de Fribourg, Niederländische Meisterzeichnungen des 17. bis 19. Jahrhunderts aus der Sammlung Hans van Leeuwen, exh. cat., Musée d'Art et d'Histoire de Fribourg (Fribourg, Switzerland, 1982), cat. no. 25, n.p., repr.

Emmanuel Starcky, Inventaire Générale Des Dessins Du Nord: Supplément aux Inventaires Publiés par Frits Lugt et Louis Demonts, Ministere de la culture... (Paris, France, 1988), under cat. no. 95, p. 89

Holm Bevers, ed., Niederländische Zeichnungen des 16. Jahrhunderts in der Staatlichen Graphischen Sammlung München, exh. cat., Staatliche Graphische Sammlung München (Munich, 1989-1990), under cat. no. 41, p. 53 (n. 4)

Nicole Dacos, "Le maître des albums Egmont: Dirck Hendricksz Centen", Oud Holland, Netherlands Institute for Art History ('s Gravenhage, The Netherlands, 1990), vol. 104, no. 2, pp. 49-68, 52-56 and 64, repr. p. 53, fig. 6 (recto) and p. 60, fig. 18 (verso)

Dutch, Flemish and German Old Master Drawings, auct. cat., Christie's, Amsterdam (Amsterdam, 10 November 1997), under lot no. 28A, p. 26

Gert Jan van der Sman, "Observations on the Master of the Egmont Albums", Fiamminghi a Roma 1508-1608: Proceeding of the symposium held at Museum Catharijneconvent, Utrecht, 13 March 1995, Centro Di della Edifimi (1999), pp. 45-65, pp. 46, 53, 55, and 63 (n. 22), repr. p. 53, fig. 8

Gert Jan van der Sman, "Observations on the Master of the Egmont Albums", Fiamminghi a Roma 1508-1608: proceedings of the symposium held at Museum Catharijneconvent, Utrecht, 13 March 1995, ed. Sabine Eiche, Centro Di (Florence, 1999), pp. 45-65, pp. 46, 53, 55, and 63 (n. 22), repr. p. 53, fig. 8 (recto)

Thomas Ketelsen, Oliver Hahn, and Petra Kuhlmann-Hodick, ed., Zeichnen im Zeitalter Bruegels. Die Niederländischen Zeichnungen des 16. Jahrhunderts im Dresdner Kupferstich-Kabinett—Beiträge zu einer Typologie, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden (Dresden, 2011), p. 177 (n. 55)

William W. Robinson and Susan Anderson, Drawings from the Age of Bruegel, Rubens, and Rembrandt: Highlights from the Collection of the Harvard Art Museums, Harvard Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2016), cat. no. 56, pp. 194-197, repr. p. 195 (recto) and p. 196 (verso); watermark p. 378

Exhibition History

Tekeningen uit de collectie Hans van Leeuwen, Waag Museum Nijmegen, Nijmegen, 11/12/1965 - 12/13/1965

Tekeningen uit de collectie Hans van Leeuwen, Museum Princessehof, Leeuwarden, 02/05/1966 - 03/08/1966

Niederlandische Zeichnungen des 17. bis 19. Jahrhunderts aus der Sammlung Hans van Leeuwen, Utrecht, Rheinisches Landesmuseum, Bonn, 09/27/1968 - 11/10/1968; Städtische Kunstgalerie Bochum, Bochum, 11/29/1968 - 01/05/1969

Niederländische Zeichnungen des 17.-19. Jahrhunderts aus der Sammlung Hans van Leeuwen, Utrecht, Städtisches Museum Schloss Rheydt, Rheydt, 09/02/1971 - 10/17/1971

De Verzameling van H. van Leeuwen, Rijksprentenkabinet, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 11/08/1975 - 02/01/1976

Nederlandse Tekeningen uit drie Eeuwen, Centraal Museum Utrecht, Utrecht, 04/29/1978 - 06/25/1978

Meisterzeichnungen aus drei Jahrhunderten, Niederländische Handzeichnungen des 17. bis 19. Jahrhunderts aus der Sammlung Hans van Leeuwen, Kunsthalle Bremen, Bremen, 10/14/1979 - 12/02/1979; Städtisches Museum, Braunschweig, 01/10/1980 - 02/10/1980; Galerie der Stadt Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 10/23/1980 - 12/06/1980

Niederländische Meisterzeichnungen des 17. bis 19. Jahrhunderts aus der Sammlung Hans van Leeuwen, Musée d'Art et d'Histoire de Fribourg, Fribourg, 04/02/1982 - 05/30/1982; Oberhausmuseum, Passau, 06/20/1982 - 07/20/1982; Städtisches Museum, Braunschweig, 09/03/1982 - 10/03/1982; Suermondt-Ludwig-Museum Aachen, Aachen, 01/16/1983 - 03/13/1983; Dürerhaus, Nuremberg, 04/14/1984 - 05/27/1984

Drawings from the Age of Bruegel, Rubens, and Rembrandt, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 05/21/2016 - 08/14/2016

Subjects and Contexts

Dutch, Flemish, & Netherlandish Drawings

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu