© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Gallery Text

One of the foremost painters of his day, Ingres received critical acclaim for his depictions of French high society. His portraits were frequently compared with photographic daguerreotypes. Based on a known photograph of the artist, this self-portrait — the only one extant by this celebrated painter — demonstrates his engagement with technology in fashioning his self-image. But by thinning his physical frame and coloring his gray hair, the aging artist rendered himself in a more flattering way than the camera did. The glowing eyes, haunting gaze, and fleshy skin of the portrait — all qualities difficult to capture in early photography — further assert Ingres’s belief in the artistic superiority of painting. The painting was originally octagonal, and he expanded it to include his stylish glove and top hat.

Identification and Creation
Object Number
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, French (Montauban 1780 - 1867 Paris)
Work Type
Persistent Link
Physical Descriptions
Oil on paper mounted on canvas
65.4 x 53.7 cm (25 3/4 x 21 1/8 in.)
framed: 90.5 x 78.3 cm (35 5/8 x 30 13/16 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • Signed: l.l.: J.A. [Ingres] / 1859
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, 1859, to; Mme. Delphine Ingres (née Ramel), his widow, by descent; to Albert Ramel (her nephew), by descent; to Mme Ramel (his widow), by 1887, by descent, to Emmanuel Riant (her son-in-law). [Wildenstein & Co., New York], sold; to Grenville L. Winthrop, New York, NY, May 25, 1936, bequest; to Fogg Art Museum, 1943.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art
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Publication History

"Chronique Locale", Le Courrier de Tarm-et-Garonne (April 26, 1862)

P[rosper] [Debia], "Feuilleton de Courrier, Exposition des Beaux-Arts, à Montauban", Le Courrier de Tarn-et-Garonne (May 31 1862)

Exposition des Beaux-Arts, exh. cat., Hôtel de Ville, Montauban (Montauban, France, 1862), no. 542

D'Arpentigny, "Exposition intime dans l'atelier de M. Ingres", Le Courrier artistique (June 19, 1864), p. 11

Emile Bellier de la Chavignerie, "Notes sur l'oeuvre de M. Ingres", La Chronique des Arts et de la Curiosité (1867), vol. V, p. 60

Catalogue des tableaux, études peintes, dessins et croquis de J.A.D. Ingres exposé dans les galeries de l'Ecole impériale des Beaux-Arts, exh. cat., Ad. Laine et J. Havard (Paris, France, 1867), no. 96

Olivier Merson and Emile Bellier de la Chavignerie, Ingres, sa Vie et ses Oeuvres, J. Hetzel (Paris, France, 1867), p. 122

Henri, Vicomte Delaborde, Ingres, sa vie, ses travaux, sa doctrine, d'apres les notices manuscrites et les lettres du maitre, H. Plon (Paris, France, 1870), no. 131

Edouard Gatteaux, Dessins, croquis et peintures de M. Ingres de la Collection de Édouard Gateaux, du Musée National du Louvre et l'École Nationale des Beaux-Arts à Paris (Paris, France, 1873?), pl. 57

Edouard Gatteaux, Collection des 120 dessins, croquis et peintures de M. Ingres classés et mis en ordre par son ami Edouard Gatteaux, A. Guerinet (Paris, France, 1875), pl. 65

Henry Lapauze, Les dessins de J.-A.-D. Ingres du Musée de Montauban, J. E. Bulloz (Paris, France, 1901), pp. 10, 250, under Cahier X

Augustine Boyer d'Agen (Jean-Auguste Boye), Ingres d'apres une correspondence inédit, H. Daragon (Paris, France, 1909), p. 445, under no. LXXXI

Exposition Ingres, exh. cat., Galerie Georges Petit (Paris, France, 1911), no. 65

Henry Lapauze, Ingres, sa vie & son oeuvre, G. Petit (Paris, France, 1911), p. 532

"La Doctrine de Ingres", La Renaissance de l'art Français (May 1921), vol. IV, no. 5, repr. p. 270

Léonce Bénédite, "Une exposition d'Ingres", Gazette des Beaux-Arts (June 1921), vol. III, pp. 325-337, repr. p.325

Henry Lapauze, Exposition Ingres, exh. cat., Galerie Georges Petit (Paris, France, 1921), no. 51

Walter Pach, Ingres, Harper and Brothers Publishers (New York, NY and London, England, 1939), p. 130, repr. facing p. 274

[Reproduction only], "French Painting", Bulletin of the Fogg Art Museum, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, November 1943)., repr. in b/w, p. 59

Dorothy Adlow, "Winthrop Bequest Boosts Fogg Museum to Front Rank", The Christian Science Monitor (October 18, 1943), p. 5

Chinese Sculpture, Bronzes, Jades, Paintings and Drawings, Egyptian and Persian sculpture, Pre-Columbian art; selected from the collection of Grenville Lindall Winthrop, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1943), p. 4

Agnes Mongan, "Drawings by Ingres in the Winthrop Collection", Gazette des Beaux-Arts (July-December 1944), ser. 6, 26, p. 388 n. 1

Edgar P. Richardson, "Recent Acquisitions of American Collections: Ingres' Self-Portrait in the Fogg Museum", Art Quarterly (1944), 7, pp. 66-67, pp. 66-67, ill.

Otto Benesch, "The Winthrop Collection: From Neo-Classic to Romanticism; David, Ingres, Géricault", Art News (January 1-14, 1944), vol. 42, no. 16, pp. 9-10, 20-21, 32, repr. p. 20

[Reproduction only], Harvard Alumni Bulletin, (Cambridge, MA, January 8, 1944)., repr. on cover

A Loan Exhibition of Paintings and Drawings from the Ingres Museum at Montauban, exh. cat., Knoedler Galleries (New York, NY, 1952), p. 6

Georges Wildenstein, Ingres, Phaidon Press (London, England, 1954), pp. 223, fig. 172; 224-225, no. 292; , 231, under no. 316

Georges Wildenstein, Ingres (London, England, 1956), pp. 223, fig. 172, 224 no. 292

Martin Birnbaum, The Last Romantic (New York, NY, 1960), pp. 190-191

Ingres and Degas: Two Classical Draughtsmen, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1961), no. 3

Daniel Ternois, Inventaire des collections publiques francaises, 11, Montauban, Musee Ingres, peintures, Ingres et son temps., Editions des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 1965), under nos. 25, 191

Norman Schlenoff, "Ingres Centennial at the Fogg Museum", The Burlington Magazine (1967), vol. CIX, p. 376

Ingres, exh. cat., Réunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 1967), under no. 254, p. 330

Ingres: Centennial Exhibition, 1867-1967. Drawings, Watercolors and Oil Sketches from American Collections, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1967), pp. x-xi

Paintings from the Bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop shown in conjunction with the Ingres Centennial Exhibition, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1967), no. V

Aaron Scharf, Art and Photography (London, England, 1968), pp. 27-29

Ingres e Firenze, exh. cat., Centro di Firenze (Florence, Italy, 1968), pp. 8, under no. 7 bis, 39 under no. 36

Emilio Radius and Ettore Camesasca, L'opera completa di Ingres, Rizzoli (Milan, Italy, 1968), p. 116, no. 106b, pl. LVII

Dorothy W. Gillerman, ed., Grenville L. Winthrop: Retrospective for a Collector, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, 1969), p. 240

Daniel Ternois and Ettore Camesasca, Tout l'oeuvre peint d'Ingres (Paris, France, 1971), p. 116, no. 161b, pl. LVII

René Huyghe, La relève de l'imaginaire: la peinture francaise au XIXe siecle: realisme, romantisme, Flammarion (Paris, France, 1976), p. 182

Jon Whiteley, Ingres, Oresko Books Ltd. (London, England, 1977), frontispiece

Hans Naef, Die Bildniszeichnungen von J.-A.-D. Ingres (Bern, Switzerland, 1978), vol. III pp. 21 n. 2, 203 n. 2

Viorica Guy Marcia, Ingres, Meridiane (Bucharest, 1978), detail repr. as pl. 54

Gaetan Picon, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Quai des Celestins, 4 (New York, NY, 1980), p. 9; repr. b/w p. 9

John Spike, "Ingres at the Fogg Art Museum", The Burlington Magazine (1981), vol. 123, no. 936, p. 190

Pascal Bonafoux, Portraits of the Artist: The Self-Portrait in Painting, Skira Rizzoli (New York, NY, 1985), repr. in color p. 117

Pierre Georgel and Anne-Marie Lecoq, La Peinture dans la Peinture, Editions Adam Biro (Paris, France, 1987), repr. in color, pl. XV, opposite p. 136

Edgar Peters Bowron, European Paintings Before 1900 in the Fogg Art Museum: A Summary Catalogue including Paintings in the Busch-Reisinger Museum, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 1990), p. 112, repr. as no. 311

Annalisa Zanni, Ingres: catalogo completo dei dipinti, Cantini Editore (Florence, Italy, 1990), p. 140, under no. 108

Gaetan Picon, Ingres, Skira Rizzoli (Geneva, Switzerland/New York NY, 1991), repr. in color p. 110

De David a Matisse: 100 Dibujos franceses, exh. cat., Centro Cultural / Arte Contemporaneo (Mexico City, Mexico, 1994), p. 166

Georges Vigne, Ingres, Citadelles & Mazenod and Abbeville Press (Paris, France; New York, NY, 1995), p. 295-296, repr. as fig. 251

Daniel Ternois, ed., Lettres d'Ingres à Marcotte d'Argenteuil, Société de l'Histoire de l'Art Français (Nogent-le-Roi, France, 1999), pp. 173 n. 4, 177 n. 8, 250

Valérie Bajou, Monsieur Ingres, Editions Adam Biro (Paris, France, 1999), p. 328

Gary Tinterow and Philip Conisbee, Portraits by Ingres: Image of an Epoch, exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, NY, 1999), pp. 366, repr. as fig. 12, 368, 462-464, fig. 285, under nos. 148-149

Charlotte Hale, "Portraits by Ingres: Images of an Epoch: Technical Observations", Metropolitan Museum Journal (2000), 35, pp. 198-207, pp. 206-207

Daniel Ternois, Lettres d’Ingres à Marcotte d’Argenteuil: dictionnaire, Librairie des Arts et Métiers-Ed. Jacques Laget (Nogent-le-Roi, France, 2001), pp. 47, 48 n. 16, 182

Chikashi Kitazaki and Mina Oya, ed., Between Reality and Dreams: Nineteenth Century British and French Art from the Winthrop Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, exh. cat., National Museum of Western Art (Ueno, 2002), p. 29, repr. as fig. 17

Stephan Wolohojian, ed., A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art and Yale University Press (U.S.) (New York, 2003), no. 80, pp. 204-206, repr. in color

Stephan Wolohojian, Ingres, Burne-Jones, Whistler, Renoir... La Collection Grenville L. Winthrop, exh. cat., Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon and Réunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 2003), no. 80, pp. 215-216, repr. in color

Sammlung Oskar Reinhart "Am Römerholz", Schwabe (Basel, Switzerland, 2003), p. 284, repr. as abb. 1

Vincent Pomarède, Stéphane Guégan, Louis-Antoine Prat, and Eric Bertin, Ingres 1780-1867, exh. cat., Editions Gallimard (Paris, France, 2006), p. 364, repr. as ill. 219

Lilas Sharifzadeh, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres. Variations sur un thème. La Grande Odalisque Découverte d'une réplique autographe, exh. cat., Galerie Hubert Duchemin (Paris, 2013), pp. 42-43; repr. in color as ill. 26, p. 45.

Emmanuelle Brugerolles, Ingres et ses élèves, exh. cat., Beaux-arts de Paris éditions (Paris, 2017), p. 64, repr. p. 66 as ill. 1

Exhibition History

Exposition des Beaux-Arts, 1862, Hôtel de Ville, Montauban, Montauban, 05/04/1862 - 05/31/1862

Tableaux, etudes peintes, dessins et croquis de J.-A.-D. Ingres peintre d'histoire, sénateur, membre de l'Institut, École Impériale des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 04/10/1867 - 12/31/1867

Exposition Ingres, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, 04/26/1911 - 05/14/1911

Exposition Ingres, Chambre Syndicale de la Curiosité et des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 05/08/1921 - 06/05/1921

Chinese sculpture, bronzes, jades, paintings and drawings, Egyptian and Persian sculpture, Pre-Columbian art : selected from the collection of Grenville Lindall Winthrop, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 10/01/1943 - 02/28/1944

Ingres and Degas: Two Classical Draughtsmen, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/24/1961 - 05/20/1961

Paintings from the Bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop shown in conjunction with the Ingres Centennial Exhibition, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 02/12/1967 - 04/09/1967

Master Paintings from the Fogg Collection, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/13/1977 - 08/31/1977

Works by J.-A.-D. Ingres in the Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 10/17/1980 - 12/07/1980

Masterpieces of European Art, Busch-Reisinger Museum, Cambridge, 06/22/1985 - 09/15/1985

France and the Portrait, 1799-1870, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 12/03/1994 - 01/29/2002

A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon, Lyon, 03/15/2003 - 05/26/2003; National Gallery, London, 06/25/2003 - 09/14/2003; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 10/23/2003 - 01/25/2004

For Students of Art and Lovers of Beauty: Highlights from the Collection of Grenville L. Winthrop, Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/16/2004

32Q: 2200 19th Century, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/16/2014 - 03/19/2019

Subjects and Contexts

Google Art Project

Related Works

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu