© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
1943.209
People
George Frederick Watts, British (London, England 1817 - 1904 Limnerslease, Compton, England)
Title
Sir Galahad
Classification
Paintings
Work Type
painting
Date
1860-1862
Culture
British
Physical Descriptions
Medium
Oil on canvas
Dimensions
191.8 x 107 cm (75 1/2 x 42 1/8 in.)
framed: 217.2 x 127 x 8.3 cm (85 1/2 x 50 x 3 1/4 in.)
Provenance
Eustace Smith, 1873, Sold to Henderson, 1887. Smith was a member of Parliament.
Alexander (the Rt. Hon. Lord Faringdon C. H.) Henderson, Purchased from Smith, 1887, Sold at Sotheby's, London, 1934.
Fine Art Society PLC, London, Purchased from Sotheby's London, 1934, Sold to Winthrop, 1934. Purchased at Henderson's sale, June 13, 1934, where it was no. 133; the Fine Art Society paid £820. Sold to Winthrop July 1934 through Frost and Reed and Martin Birnbaum.
Grenville Lindall Winthrop, Purchased from Fine Arts Society, 1934, Bequest to Fogg Art Museum, 1943. Purchase through Frost and Reed and M. Birnbaum, July 1934. Winthrop paid £770 plus Birnbaum's commission. See object file for details of how they failed to acquire the painting at auction, but later bought it from the Fine Arts Society, who had had the successful bid.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop
Accession Year
1943
Object Number
1943.209
Division
European and American Art
Contact
am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu
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Publication History

Frederic George Stephens, "Fine Arts: The Royal Academy", Athenaeum (May 3 1862), p. 602, p. 602

Tom Taylor, "Royal Academy Exhibition", The London Times (May 3 1862), p. 14, p. 14

William M. Rossetti, [Unidentified review], Fraser's Magazine (July 1862), p. 71, p. 71

Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales, William P. Nimmo (Edinburgh, Scotland, 1868), p. 3

Marion Harry Spielmann, The Works of G. F. Watts, with a Complete Catalogue of His Pictures, Fourteen Drawings Contributed by Himself, and Other Illustrations (London, 1886), p. 30

A. G. Temple, The Art of Painting in the Queen's Reign (London, England, 1897), p. 170

Hugh Macmillan, The Life-work of George Frederick Watts, R. A., J. M. Dent & Co./E. P. Dutton & Co. (London, England and New York, NY, 1903), p. 173-175

L. L. Ewing, George Frederick Watts, Sandro Botticelli, Matthew Arnold (New York, NY, 1904), p. 16

Mary S. Watts, Catalogue of the Works of G. F. Watts Compiled by His Widow, Watts Gallery (Compton, Surrey, England, c. 1910), vol. II, p. 61

Mary S. Watts, George Frederic Watts: the Annals of an Artist's Life, The Macmillan Company (London, England, 1912), vol. I, pp. 158, 188, 228, 328; vol. II, pp. 262-264

H. W. Shrewsbury, The Visions of an Artist (London, England, 1918), p. 56, repr.

A. B. Ramsay, ed., The Letters of H. E. Luxmoore (Cambridge, England, 1929), p. 55

Ellen Terry, Memoirs, ed. Edith Craig (London, England, 1933), pp. 42-52

Catalogue of the...Collections of Paintings...the Late Rt. Hon. Lord Faringdon, auct. cat., Sotheby's (London, England, June 13, 1934), repr., no. 133

"Pre-Raphaelites", Bulletin of the Fogg Art Museum, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, November 1943), vol. X, pp. 62-63, repr. in b/w, p. 63

Chinese Sculpture, Bronzes, Jades, Paintings and Drawings, Egyptian and Persian sculpture, Pre-Columbian art; selected from the collection of Grenville Lindall Winthrop, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1943), p. 6

[Untitled article], Harvard Alumni Bulletin, Harvard University (Cambridge, MA, January 8, 1944), vol. XLVI, repr.

Margaret R. Scherer, About the Round Table (New York, NY, 1945), p. 74, repr.

Ronald Chapman, The Laurel and the Thorn: a Study of G. F. Watts (London, England, 1945), p. 47

Paintings and Drawings of the Pre-Raphaelites and their Circle, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1946), no. 95

Madge Sinker, "Sir Galahad", The Lady (May 17, 1962), repr.

David Loshak, "G. F. Watts and Ellen Terry", The Burlington Magazine (November 1963), 105, pp. 476-485, p. 484

Carol le Brun Danikian, "Early French Symbolists", Boston Herald American (January 28 1973)

Lee Sheridan, "'French Symbolist Art' Timely Museum Exhibit", Springfield Daily News (February 1973)

Denys Sutton, "The Pursuit of Beauty", Apollo (June 1978), vol. CVII, no. 196, pp. 446-452, p. 448, fig. 5

David Robertson, Sir Charles Eastlake and the Victorian Art World, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ, 1978), repr. in b/w fig. 194, p. 410; text p. 411

Allen Staley, Victorian High Renaissance, exh. cat., Minneapolis Institute of Arts (Minneapolis, MN, 1978), p. 67

Mark Girouard, The Return to Camelot: Chivalry and the English Gentleman (New Haven, 1981), p. 150 and passim

Edgar Peters Bowron, European Paintings Before 1900 in the Fogg Art Museum: A Summary Catalogue including Paintings in the Busch-Reisinger Museum, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 1990), p. 133, repr. as no. 82

Francesca Mitchell, "Technical Study of the Paintings by George Frederic Watts in the Collection at the Fogg Art Museum at Harvard University" (thesis (certificate in conservation), Straus Center for Conservation and Technical Studies, July 1990), Unpublished, pp. 1-22 passim

Debra N. Mancoff, The Arthurian Revival in Victorian Art, Garland Publishers, Inc. (New York, NY and London, England, 1990), repr. in b/w no. 72

Marilynn Lincoln Board, "Art's Moral Mission: Reading G. F. Watts' 'Sir Galahad'", The Arthurian Revival: Essays on Form, Tradition, and Transformation, ed. Debra N. Mancoff, Garland Publishers, Inc. (New York, NY and London, England, 1992), pp. 132-153, pl. 15

Joseph A. Kestner, "The Representation of Armour and the Construction of Masculinity in Victorian Painting", Nineteenth Century Studies (1993), vol. VII, repr. fig. 14, p. 22, b/w

Joseph A. Kestner, Masculinities in Victorian Painting, Scolar Press (Hants, England, 1995), p. 135

Christopher Newall, The Grosvenor Gallery Exhibitions: Change and Continuity in the Victorian Art World, Cambridge University Press (U.K.) (Cambridge, 1995), p. 133

Christine Poulson, The Quest for the Grail: Arthurian Legend in British Art, 1840-1920, Manchester University Press/St. Martin's Press (Manchester, England and New York, NY, 1999), Pp. 110-122, 140, 242, Pl. 111

Chikashi Kitazaki and Mina Oya, ed., Between Reality and Dreams: Nineteenth Century British and French Art from the Winthrop Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, exh. cat., National Museum of Western Art (Ueno, 2002), pp. 90-91, cat. #12, color repr.

Stephan Wolohojian, ed., A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art and Yale University Press (U.S.) (New York, 2003), no. 194, pp. 431-434, repr. in color

Stephan Wolohojian, Ingres, Burne-Jones, Whistler, Renoir... La Collection Grenville L. Winthrop, exh. cat., Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon and Réunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 2003), no. 194, pp. 444-446, repr. in color

The Forbes Collection of Victorian Pictures and Works of Art, auct. cat., Christie's, London (London, England, February 19, 2003 - February 20, 2003), vol. I, p. 237

Masaie Matsumura, Japan and Victorian England: Interactions, Osaka Kyoiku Tosho (Osaka, Japan, 2012), repr. p. 94

Patricia C. Pongracz, ed., Louis C. Tiffany and the Art of Devotion, exh. cat., D. Giles and Museum of Biblical Art (London and New York, 2012), p. 120, 122, reproduced p. 120, fig. 36

Exhibition History

Annual Exhibition, 1862, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 01/01/1862 - 12/31/1862

International Exhibition, [Unknown venue, London], London, 05/01/1873 - 12/31/1873

Summer Exhibition, Grosvenor Gallery, London, 05/01/1878 - 08/05/1878

Winter Exhibition: Collection of the Works of G. F. Watts, R. A., Grosvenor Gallery, London, 11/01/1881 - 04/01/1882

Unidentified Exhibition, Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1887, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, 01/01/1887 - 12/31/1887

Winter Exhibition: The Works of G. F. Watts, New Gallery, London, 01/01/1896 - 12/31/1897

Winter Exhibition: Works by the Late George Frederick Watts, R.A., O.M. and the Late Frederick Sandys, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 10/01/1905 - 12/31/1905

Catalogue of Works of G. F. Watts, R. A., New Gallery, London, 01/01/1906 - 12/31/1907

Chinese sculpture, bronzes, jades, paintings and drawings, Egyptian and Persian sculpture, Pre-Columbian art : selected from the collection of Grenville Lindall Winthrop, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 10/01/1943 - 02/28/1944

Paintings and Drawings of the Pre-Raphaelites and their Circle, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/08/1946 - 06/01/1946

Pre-Raphaelite and Early French Symbolist Art in the Fogg Collections, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 01/16/1973 - 02/25/1973

The Pre-Raphaelites: Selections from the Permanent Collection, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 06/04/1980 - 07/15/1980

Between Reality and Dreams: Nineteenth Century British and French Art from the Winthrop Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 09/14/2002 - 12/08/2002

A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon, Lyon, 03/15/2003 - 05/26/2003; National Gallery, London, 06/25/2003 - 09/14/2003; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 10/23/2003 - 01/25/2004

For Students of Art and Lovers of Beauty: Highlights from the Collection of Grenville L. Winthrop, Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/16/2004

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu