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Gallery Text

The Virgin gesturing to Christ, who gives a sign of blessing, is a variation of a Byzantine type of Madonna known as Hodegetria or “She who points the Way.” Though paintings like this are thought to be based on earlier models, this one shows signs of the artist’s inclinations: lines are incised into its surface, outlining the figures and showing adjustments that were made. Christ’s body, for example, is painted slightly below the incised line, while the sides of the Virgin’s cloak are far narrower than outlined. The painting also shows the artist’s technique of layering tempera to indicate form and mass — white is placed over the flesh color on the Virgin’s hand to create a highlight, while a darker coloris painted around her chin to suggest shadow. Figures like this one of the Madonna painted on panel were often carried in religious processions and venerated as protection against war or plague.

Identification and Creation
Object Number
1969.151
People
Master of Camerino, Italian (active 1270-1300)
Title
The Virgin and Child Enthroned
Classification
Paintings
Work Type
painting
Date
c. 1270
Culture
Italian, Marchigian
Location
Level 2, Room 2440, Medieval Art, Medieval Art
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Physical Descriptions
Medium
Tempera and silver on panel, transferred to new support
Dimensions
108.6 x 47.6 cm (42 3/4 x 18 3/4 in.)
frame: 112.5 x 50 x 5.5 cm (44 5/16 x 19 11/16 x 2 3/16 in.)
Provenance
Stroganoff Collection, Rome; [Durlacher, New York, (? - December 1923)] sold; to John Nicholas Brown, Providence, December 17, 1923, loaned; to Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, loaned; to Fogg Art Museum, 1926; John Nicholas Brown, gift; to Fogg Art Museum, 1969.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Gift of John Nicholas Brown
Accession Year
1969
Object Number
1969.151
Division
European and American Art
Contact
am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu
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Publication History

Raimond Van Marle, The Development of the Italian Schools of Painting, M. Nijhoff Publishers (The Hague, 1923-1938), vol. 5, p. 436, fig. 257

Edward B. Garrison, Addenda ad indicem II, Bollettino d'Arte (Rome, October - December 1951), vol. 36, pp. 293-304, pp. 296-297, repr. p. 296 as fig. 9

Andrea Kirsh, "Worlds Below: An Investigation of Infrared Reflectography" (thesis (certificate in conservation), Straus Center for Conservation and Technical Studies, April 1973), Unpublished, pp. 1-25 passim

Everett Fahy, "Italian Painting Before 1500", Apollo (May 1978), vol. 107, no. 195, pp. 377-388, p. 378, 380, repr. p. 378 as fig. 2

Kristin A. Mortimer and William G. Klingelhofer, Harvard University Art Museums: A Guide to the Collections, Harvard University Art Museums and Abbeville Press (Cambridge and New York, 1986), no. 157, p. 139, repr.

Edgar Peters Bowron, European Paintings Before 1900 in the Fogg Art Museum: A Summary Catalogue including Paintings in the Busch-Reisinger Museum, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 1990)

Elizabeth Bradford Smith, Medieval Art in America: Patterns of Collecting 1800-1940, exh. cat., Palmer Museum of Art (University Park, PA, 1996), p. 178

Fabiola Cogliandro, Vicende collezionistiche dei dipinti italiani dal XIII al XVI secolo della Collezione d'arte di Grigorij Sergeevič Stroganoff, Figure, Università di Bologna (Bologna, 2013), pp. 73-85, pp. 75-76, repr. p. 76

Exhibition History

32Q: 2440 Medieval, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/01/2014

Subjects and Contexts

Google Art Project

This record was created from historic documentation and may not have been reviewed by a curator; it may be inaccurate or incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu