- Identification and Creation
- Object Number
Attributed to Mahesh, Indian
- Folio 172 (text, recto and verso), from a manuscript of the Divan (Collection of Works) of Anvari
- Work Type
- manuscript folio
- Creation Place: South Asia, Pakistan, Punjab, Lahore
- Mughal period
- Physical Descriptions
- Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
- folio: 13.97 x 7.62 cm (5 1/2 x 3 in.)
- Louis J. Cartier collection. John Goelet, New York, NY, (by 1960), gift; to Fogg Art Museum, 1960.
- Acquisition and Rights
- Credit Line
- Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Gift of John Goelet, formerly in the collection of Louis J. Cartier
- Accession Year
- Object Number
- Asian and Mediterranean Art
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- The recto and verso side of the folio features two columns of Persian text written in black ink and nasta’liq script. The recto side of the folio contains the second half of a qasida (a panegyric in praise of a king or nobleman) that praises Majduddin Abu’l-Hasan al-‘Imrani, who most likely introduced Anvari to Sultan Sanjar. This is followed by a poem that corresponds to a painting (1960.117.173) on gardening:
It’s the day for the garden, for cheer and for joy;
It’s the day for the markey of basil and rose.
The dust is all mixed with amber and musk;
The skirt of the zephyr spreads fragrance and scents.
The folio belongs to an illustrated copy of the Divan of Anvari commissioned by the Mughal emperor Akbar (r. 1556-1605) in 1588 and in Lahore. The poet Anvari (1126-1189) is considered one of the greatest figures in Persian literature. His panegyric in honor of the Seljuq sultan, Ahmad Sanjar (r. 1118-1157) earned him royal favor and the patronage of two of Sanjar’s successors. Anvari’s poems were collected in a Divan, which contains eulogies, satire, panegyrics, and other forms of poetry and prose.
- Publication History
Annemarie Schimmel and Stuart Cary Welch, Anvari's Divan: A Pocket Book for Akbar: a Divan of Auhaduddin Anvari, copied for the Mughal emperor Jalaluddin Akbar (r. 1556-1605) at Lahore in A.H. 996 A.D. 1588 now in the Fogg Art Museum of Harvard University, The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, NY, 1983), page 85-87/figure 4
40 Years On... Donations by John Goelet: Sculpture, Paintings and Drawings, Miniatures and Calligraphy, Tankas and Mandala, M. T. Train and Scala Books (New York, NY, 2000), page 184, 243
- Exhibition History
Anvari's Divan: A Pocket Book for Akbar, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 02/07/1984 - 03/28/1984
Akbar's India: Art from the Mughal City of Victory, Asia Society Galleries, New York, 10/10/1985 - 01/05/1986; Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 01/24/1986 - 03/16/1986
32Q: 2590 South and Southeast Asia, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/16/2014 - 05/14/2015
- Related Works
This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Asian and Mediterranean Art at email@example.com