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Gallery Text

Vroom spent his career in Haarlem, working in proximity to other leading landscapists of the period. An idyllic mood pervades his paintings, which are distinguished by their delicate light, unobtrusive figures, and serene prospects of large trees along a river or country road. His rare drawings are esteemed for their unconventional compositions and refined technique. Here, the asymmetrical design features a close view of a rutted road, an undulating fence, and dense foliage in the left foreground, which abruptly give way to a diagonal line of trees in the middle-ground and distant panorama. The meticulously descriptive pen work of the plants, fence, and trees in the foreground enhances the disjunction in scale between near and far in the landscape. This signed and dated drawing is a finished work of art presumably intended for sale.

Identification and Creation
Object Number
25.1998.31
People
Cornelis Vroom, Dutch (Haarlem(?), Netherlands c.1591 - 1661 Haarlem, Netherlands)
Title
Landscape with a Road and a Fence
Classification
Drawings
Work Type
drawing
Date
1631
Culture
Dutch
Physical Descriptions
Medium
Brown ink over graphite on cream antique laid paper
Dimensions
19.2 x 25.2 cm (7 9/16 x 9 15/16 in.)
primary mount: 19.9 x 26 cm (7 13/16 x 10 1/4 in.)
secondary mount: 28.9 x 35.6 cm (11 3/8 x 14 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • Signed: brown ink, lower left: CVR [in ligature] oom / 1631
  • inscription: primary mount, lower right, graphite: C. Vroom
  • inscription: verso, lower left, graphite: /a 2/a
  • inscription: primary mount, verso, center, brown ink: No. 8.
  • inscription: primary mount, verso, lower right, graphite: larg. 9p. 3 l. haut. 7 p.
  • watermark: none
  • collector's mark: verso, lower left, black ink stamp: L. 324 (Wilhelm Gottlieb Becker)
  • (not assigned): printed and adhered label, black ink: Fuesli. / pag.
  • (not assigned): Secondary mount, lower right, graphite: 36x
  • collector's mark: primary and secondary mount, verso, lower right, blue ink stamp: L. 3306 (Maida and George Abrams)
  • inscription: secondary mount, verso, upper center, blue ballpoint ink: Cornelis Vroom geb. um 1566 (?) in Haarlem / gestorben und beerdigt daselbst am 4.2.1640 / Sepiazeichnung: hollandische Landschaft, gezeichnet 1621 lt. Signatur. [underlined]
  • inscription: secondary mount, verso, center, graphite: 19:25 cm
  • inscription: secondary mount, verso, center, graphite: 91
Provenance
Wilhelm Gottlieb Becker, Dresden (L. 324, verso, lower left), sold; [Weigel, Leipzig, 25 October 1819, lot 85]. Fuesli (with his etiquette, verso, lower left, not in Lugt). [Karl & Faber, Munich, 2 June 1972, lot 211] sold; through [Robert M. Light & Co., Boston]; to Maida and George Abrams, Boston, 1972 (L. 3306, primary and secondary mount, verso, lower right); The Maida and George Abrams Collection, Promised Gift, 25.1998.31.

Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
The Maida and George Abrams Collection, Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Promised Gift
Object Number
25.1998.31
Division
European and American Art
Contact
am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu
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Publication History

Franklin W. Robinson, One Hundred Master Drawings from New England Private Collections, exh. cat. (Hanover, NH, 1973), cat. no. 13, pp. 40-41, repr.

George S. Keyes, Cornelis Vroom: Marine and Landscape Artist, Canaletto (Alphen aan den Rijn, 1975), vol. 1, pp. 81–83, vol. 2, cat. no. D 27, pp. 163 and 227–28, and under cat. no. D 4, p. 213, repr. fig. 44

Curtis O. Baer, ed., Seventeenth Century Dutch Landscape Drawings and Selected Prints from American Collections, exh. cat., Vassar College Art Gallery (Poughkeepsie, NY, 1976), cat. no. 18, pp. 37-38, repr. fig. 18

Pieter Biesboer, "[Review] Cornelis Vroom: Marine and Landscape Artist", Simiolus (1978 -1979), vol. 10, nos. 3-4, pp. 207-10, p. 209

George Abrams, "Collectors and Collecting", Drawings Defined, ed. Walter Strauss, Abaris Books (New York, 1987), pp. 415-429, repr. p. 425, fig. 11

Peter C. Sutton, Pieter Jacobus Johannes van Thiel, and Albert Blankert, Masters of 17th-century Dutch Landscape Painting, exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (Boston, 1987), under cat. no. 115, p. 519

Frederik J. Duparc, Landscape in Perspective: Drawings by Rembrandt and his Contemporaries, exh. cat., The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (Montreal, 1988), cat. no. 102, p. 229, repr. and repr. color. p. 48, fig. 102

Frederik J. Duparc, "[Review] Collectie Abrams in Rijksprentenkabinet", Tableau (1991), vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 40-42, p. 41

William W. Robinson, Seventeenth-Century Dutch Drawings: A Selection from the Maida and George Abrams Collection, exh. cat., H. O. Zimman, Inc. (Lynn, MA, 1991), cat. no. 31, pp. 80-81, repr.

William W. Robinson, "Abrams Dutch Drawings Given to the Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, Mass.", Apollo (December 1999), vol. 150, pp. 14-16, p. 15, repr. fig. 3

Martin Royalton-Kisch, The Light of Nature: Landscape Drawings and Watercolours by Van Dyck and his Contemporaries, exh. cat., British Museum Press (London, 1999), under cat. no. 33, p. 130

Seymour Slive, "Collecting 17th-century Dutch art in the United States: the current boom", Bulletin van het Rijksmuseum (2001), vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 84-99, p. 97 (n. 11)

William W. Robinson, Bruegel to Rembrandt: Dutch and Flemish Drawings from the Maida and George Abrams Collection, exh. cat., Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2002), cat. no. 14, pp. 52-53 and 248, repr.

Jeanne Faton, "Entretien avec George Abrams: Dessins de l'âge d'or hollandais", L'Estampille/L'Objet d'art (April 2003), no. 379, pp. 46-55, repr. p. 50

Michiel C. Plomp, "[Review] Bruegel to Rembrandt. Dutch and Flemish Drawings from the Maida and George Abrams Collection.", Oud Holland (2004), vol. 117, no. 1/2, pp. 99-102, p. 101 (n. 3)

Stefaan Hautekeete, ed., Tekeningen uit Nederlands Gouden Eeuw in de Verzameling van Jean de Grez, exh. cat., Uitgeverij Snoeck (Ghent, 2007), under cat. no. 36, p. 118 (n. 8)

William W. Robinson and Susan Anderson, Drawings from the Age of Bruegel, Rubens, and Rembrandt: Highlights from the Collection of the Harvard Art Museums, Harvard Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2016), p. 20; cat. no. 96, pp. 315-317, repr. p. 316

Franklin Einspruch, Fuse Visual Art Review: A Pair of Drawing Shows at the Harvard Art Museums, The Arts Fuse ([e-journal], June 9, 2016), repr., http://artsfuse.org/146319/fuse-visual-arts-review-a-pair-of-drawing-shows-at-the-harvard-art-museums/, accessed June 9, 2016

Exhibition History

One Hundred Master Drawings from New England Private Collections, Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, 09/05/1973 - 10/14/1973; Hopkins Center Art Galleries, Hanover, 10/26/1973 - 12/03/1973; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, 12/14/1973 - 01/25/1974

Seventeenth Century Dutch Landscape Drawings and Selected Prints from American Collections, Vassar College Art Gallery, Poughkeepsie, 03/28/1976 - 05/07/1976

Landscape in Perspective: Drawings by Rembrandt and his Contemporaries, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 02/20/1988 - 04/03/1988; The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Montreal, 04/15/1988 - 05/29/1988

Seventeenth-Century Dutch Drawings: A Selection from the Maida and George Abrams Collection, Rijksprentenkabinet, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 02/23/1991 - 04/18/1991; Albertina Gallery, Vienna, 05/16/1991 - 06/30/1991; Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, 01/22/1992 - 04/22/1992; Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 10/10/1992 - 12/06/1992

A Decade of Collecting: Recent Acquisitions of Prints and Drawings from 1480 to 1940, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 03/25/2000 - 07/02/2000

Bruegel to Rembrandt: Dutch and Flemish Drawings from the Maida and George Abrams Collection, British Museum, London, 06/13/2002 - 09/22/2002; Institut Néerlandais, Paris, 10/10/2002 - 12/08/2002; Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 03/22/2003 - 07/06/2003

Abrams 50th reunion exhibition, Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 06/01/2004 - 06/14/2004

Drawings from the Age of Bruegel, Rubens, and Rembrandt, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 05/21/2016 - 08/14/2016

Subjects and Contexts

Dutch, Flemish, & Netherlandish Drawings

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu