- Gallery Text
Vroom spent his career in Haarlem, working in proximity to other leading landscapists of the period. An idyllic mood pervades his paintings, which are distinguished by their delicate light, unobtrusive figures, and serene prospects of large trees along a river or country road. His rare drawings are esteemed for their unconventional compositions and refined technique. Here, the asymmetrical design features a close view of a rutted road, an undulating fence, and dense foliage in the left foreground, which abruptly give way to a diagonal line of trees in the middle-ground and distant panorama. The meticulously descriptive pen work of the plants, fence, and trees in the foreground enhances the disjunction in scale between near and far in the landscape. This signed and dated drawing is a finished work of art presumably intended for sale.
- Identification and Creation
- Object Number
Cornelis Vroom, Dutch (Haarlem(?), Netherlands c.1591 - 1661 Haarlem, Netherlands)
- Landscape with a Road and a Fence
- Work Type
- Physical Descriptions
- Brown ink over graphite on cream antique laid paper
- 19.2 x 25.2 cm (7 9/16 x 9 15/16 in.)
primary mount: 19.9 x 26 cm (7 13/16 x 10 1/4 in.)
secondary mount: 28.9 x 35.6 cm (11 3/8 x 14 in.)
- Inscriptions and Marks
- Signed: brown ink, lower left: CVR [in ligature] oom / 1631
- inscription: primary mount, lower right, graphite: C. Vroom
- inscription: verso, lower left, graphite: /a 2/a
- inscription: primary mount, verso, center, brown ink: No. 8.
- inscription: primary mount, verso, lower right, graphite: larg. 9p. 3 l. haut. 7 p.
- watermark: none
- collector's mark: verso, lower left, black ink stamp: L. 324 (Wilhelm Gottlieb Becker)
- (not assigned): printed and adhered label, black ink: Fuesli. / pag.
- (not assigned): Secondary mount, lower right, graphite: 36x
- collector's mark: primary and secondary mount, verso, lower right, blue ink stamp: L. 3306 (Maida and George Abrams)
- inscription: secondary mount, verso, upper center, blue ballpoint ink: Cornelis Vroom geb. um 1566 (?) in Haarlem / gestorben und beerdigt daselbst am 4.2.1640 / Sepiazeichnung: hollandische Landschaft, gezeichnet 1621 lt. Signatur. [underlined]
- inscription: secondary mount, verso, center, graphite: 19:25 cm
- inscription: secondary mount, verso, center, graphite: 91
- Wilhelm Gottlieb Becker, Dresden (L. 324, verso, lower left), sold; [Weigel, Leipzig, 25 October 1819, lot 85]. Fuesli (with his etiquette, verso, lower left, not in Lugt). [Karl & Faber, Munich, 2 June 1972, lot 211] sold; through [Robert M. Light & Co., Boston]; to Maida and George Abrams, Boston, 1972 (L. 3306, primary and secondary mount, verso, lower right); The Maida and George Abrams Collection, Promised Gift, 25.1998.31.
- Acquisition and Rights
- Credit Line
- The Maida and George Abrams Collection, Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Promised Gift
- Object Number
- European and American Art
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- Publication History
Franklin W. Robinson, One Hundred Master Drawings from New England Private Collections, exh. cat. (Hanover, NH, 1973), cat. no. 13, pp. 40-41, repr.
George S. Keyes, Cornelis Vroom: Marine and Landscape Artist, Canaletto (Alphen aan den Rijn, 1975), vol. 1, pp. 81–83, vol. 2, cat. no. D 27, pp. 163 and 227–28, and under cat. no. D 4, p. 213, repr. fig. 44
Curtis O. Baer, ed., Seventeenth Century Dutch Landscape Drawings and Selected Prints from American Collections, exh. cat., Vassar College Art Gallery (Poughkeepsie, NY, 1976), cat. no. 18, pp. 37-38, repr. fig. 18
Pieter Biesboer, "[Review] Cornelis Vroom: Marine and Landscape Artist", Simiolus (1978 -1979), vol. 10, nos. 3-4, pp. 207-10, p. 209
George Abrams, "Collectors and Collecting", Drawings Defined, ed. Walter Strauss, Abaris Books (New York, 1987), pp. 415-429, repr. p. 425, fig. 11
Peter C. Sutton, Pieter Jacobus Johannes van Thiel, and Albert Blankert, Masters of 17th-century Dutch Landscape Painting, exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (Boston, 1987), under cat. no. 115, p. 519
Frederik J. Duparc, Landscape in Perspective: Drawings by Rembrandt and his Contemporaries, exh. cat., The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (Montreal, 1988), cat. no. 102, p. 229, repr. and repr. color. p. 48, fig. 102
Frederik J. Duparc, "[Review] Collectie Abrams in Rijksprentenkabinet", Tableau (1991), vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 40-42, p. 41
William W. Robinson, Seventeenth-Century Dutch Drawings: A Selection from the Maida and George Abrams Collection, exh. cat., H. O. Zimman, Inc. (Lynn, MA, 1991), cat. no. 31, pp. 80-81, repr.
William W. Robinson, "Abrams Dutch Drawings Given to the Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, Mass.", Apollo (December 1999), vol. 150, pp. 14-16, p. 15, repr. fig. 3
Martin Royalton-Kisch, The Light of Nature: Landscape Drawings and Watercolours by Van Dyck and his Contemporaries, exh. cat., British Museum Press (London, 1999), under cat. no. 33, p. 130
Seymour Slive, "Collecting 17th-century Dutch art in the United States: the current boom", Bulletin van het Rijksmuseum (2001), vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 84-99, p. 97 (n. 11)
William W. Robinson, Bruegel to Rembrandt: Dutch and Flemish Drawings from the Maida and George Abrams Collection, exh. cat., Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2002), cat. no. 14, pp. 52-53 and 248, repr.
Jeanne Faton, "Entretien avec George Abrams: Dessins de l'âge d'or hollandais", L'Estampille/L'Objet d'art (April 2003), no. 379, pp. 46-55, repr. p. 50
Michiel C. Plomp, "[Review] Bruegel to Rembrandt. Dutch and Flemish Drawings from the Maida and George Abrams Collection.", Oud Holland (2004), vol. 117, no. 1/2, pp. 99-102, p. 101 (n. 3)
Stefaan Hautekeete, ed., Tekeningen uit Nederlands Gouden Eeuw in de Verzameling van Jean de Grez, exh. cat., Uitgeverij Snoeck (Ghent, 2007), under cat. no. 36, p. 118 (n. 8)
William W. Robinson and Susan Anderson, Drawings from the Age of Bruegel, Rubens, and Rembrandt: Highlights from the Collection of the Harvard Art Museums, Harvard Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2016), p. 20; cat. no. 96, pp. 315-317, repr. p. 316
Franklin Einspruch, Fuse Visual Art Review: A Pair of Drawing Shows at the Harvard Art Museums, The Arts Fuse ([e-journal], June 9, 2016), repr., http://artsfuse.org/146319/fuse-visual-arts-review-a-pair-of-drawing-shows-at-the-harvard-art-museums/, accessed June 9, 2016
- Exhibition History
One Hundred Master Drawings from New England Private Collections, Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, 09/05/1973 - 10/14/1973; Hopkins Center Art Galleries, Hanover, 10/26/1973 - 12/03/1973; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, 12/14/1973 - 01/25/1974
Seventeenth Century Dutch Landscape Drawings and Selected Prints from American Collections, Vassar College Art Gallery, Poughkeepsie, 03/28/1976 - 05/07/1976
Landscape in Perspective: Drawings by Rembrandt and his Contemporaries, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 02/20/1988 - 04/03/1988; The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Montreal, 04/15/1988 - 05/29/1988
Seventeenth-Century Dutch Drawings: A Selection from the Maida and George Abrams Collection, Rijksprentenkabinet, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 02/23/1991 - 04/18/1991; Albertina Gallery, Vienna, 05/16/1991 - 06/30/1991; Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, 01/22/1992 - 04/22/1992; Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 10/10/1992 - 12/06/1992
A Decade of Collecting: Recent Acquisitions of Prints and Drawings from 1480 to 1940, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 03/25/2000 - 07/02/2000
Bruegel to Rembrandt: Dutch and Flemish Drawings from the Maida and George Abrams Collection, British Museum, London, 06/13/2002 - 09/22/2002; Institut Néerlandais, Paris, 10/10/2002 - 12/08/2002; Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 03/22/2003 - 07/06/2003
Abrams 50th reunion exhibition, Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 06/01/2004 - 06/14/2004
Drawings from the Age of Bruegel, Rubens, and Rembrandt, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 05/21/2016 - 08/14/2016
- Subjects and Contexts
Dutch, Flemish, & Netherlandish Drawings
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