- Identification and Creation
- Object Number
Jacques de Gheyn II, Dutch (Antwerp, Netherlands 1565 - 1629 The Hague, Netherlands)
- Soldier Charging His Musket
- Work Type
- c. 1596-98
- Physical Descriptions
- Black ink, gray wash, and transparent watercolor, incised and silhouetted, on cream antique laid paper
- irregular: 22.2 x 13.9 cm (8 3/4 x 5 1/2 in.)
mount: 39 x 25.9 cm (15 3/8 x 10 3/16 in.)
- Inscriptions and Marks
- watermark: none
- Probably Jacques de Gheyn III, The Hague and Utrecht; probably Johannes Uytenbogaert, Amsterdam, probably by descent; to Jan and Jacob van Gheel, Amsterdam. Probably Jan Pietersz. Zomer, Amsterdam (his undated collection catalogue, no. 56 [see note 1]); presumably sold; [Jan van Zutphen and Gysbert Hol, Amsterdam, 5 April 1725]. Probably Jan Goeree, Amsterdam, sold; [Schoemaker, Amsterdam, 12 March 1731 and following days, lot T.] [1.] [Christie's, London, 23 March 1982, lot 67, repr.] sold; to Maida and George Abrams, Boston (without their mark, L. 3306); The Maida and George Abrams Collection, Gift of George Abrams in memory of Melvin Seiden, Harvard Class of 1952, 2011.512.
[1.] De Gheyn’s drawings for the plates in "The Exercise of Arms" remained together through the first three decades of the eighteenth century. They are first recorded in the collections of Jan Pietersz Zomer (1641-1724) and Jan Goeree (1670-1731). On the death of the artist, they were presumably inherited by his son, Jacques de Gheyn III, and might have passed from him to Johannes Uytenbogaert (1608-1680), and then by descent to Jan (1667-1757) and Jacob van Gheel (1670-1721). Zomer’s catalogue of his stock or private collection—"‘t Heerelyk Konst-Kabinet van Teekeningen en Prenten by een vergadert door den Konst-Vermaarden Ian Pietersz. Zomer in Amsterdam" (not dated, but compiled c. 1720-24)--lists in a single album all the drawings for "The Exercise of Arms," together with sixteen for "The Riding School," a series of twenty-two prints depicting cavalry exercises. All these drawings presumably figured in the sale of Zomer’s collection (Amsterdam, Jan van Zutphen and Gysbert Hol, 5 April 1725), but no copy of the catalogue survives. Goeree owned only the drawings for "The Exercise of Arms," which he preserved in three albums.
- Acquisition and Rights
- Credit Line
- The Maida and George Abrams Collection, Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Gift of George Abrams in memory of Melvin Seiden, Harvard Class of 1952
- Accession Year
- Object Number
- European and American Art
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- Publication History
I. Q. van Regteren Altena, Jacques de Gheyn: Three Generations, M. Nijhoff Publishers (The Hague, Boston and London, 1983), vol. 1, p. 54, vol. 2, cat. no. II 411, p. 74
George Abrams, "Collectors and Collecting", Drawings Defined, ed. Walter Strauss, Abaris Books (New York, 1987), pp. 415-429, p. 422, repr. p. 426, fig. 13
William W. Robinson, Seventeenth-Century Dutch Drawings: A Selection from the Maida and George Abrams Collection, exh. cat., H. O. Zimman, Inc. (Lynn, MA, 1991), cat. no. 7, pp. 32-33, repr.
William W. Robinson, Bruegel to Rembrandt: Dutch and Flemish Drawings from the Maida and George Abrams Collection, exh. cat., Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2002), cat. no. 28a, pp. 80-81 and 252, repr.
Michiel C. Plomp, "[Review] Bruegel to Rembrandt. Dutch and Flemish Drawings from the Maida and George Abrams Collection.", Oud Holland (2004), vol. 117, no. 1/2, pp. 99-102, pp. 100 and 101 (n. 3)
William W. Robinson and Susan Anderson, Drawings from the Age of Bruegel, Rubens, and Rembrandt: Highlights from the Collection of the Harvard Art Museums, Harvard Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2016), cat. no. 37, pp. 136-138, repr. p. 137
- Exhibition History
Seventeenth-Century Dutch Drawings: A Selection from the Maida and George Abrams Collection, Rijksprentenkabinet, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 02/23/1991 - 04/18/1991; Albertina Gallery, Vienna, 05/16/1991 - 06/30/1991; Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, 01/22/1992 - 04/22/1992; Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 10/10/1992 - 12/06/1992
Bruegel to Rembrandt: Dutch and Flemish Drawings from the Maida and George Abrams Collection, British Museum, London, 06/13/2002 - 09/22/2002; Institut Néerlandais, Paris, 10/10/2002 - 12/08/2002; Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 03/22/2003 - 07/06/2003
- Subjects and Contexts
Dutch, Flemish, & Netherlandish Drawings
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