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Identification and Creation
Object Number
2007.104.22
Title
Lamp with Gladatorial Scenes
Classification
Lighting Devices
Work Type
lighting device
Date
1st century CE
Places
Creation Place: Ancient & Byzantine World
Period
Roman Imperial period, Early
Culture
Roman
Physical Descriptions
Medium
Terracotta
Technique
Mold-made
Dimensions
39 x 19.3 cm (15 3/8 x 7 5/8 in.)
Provenance
Robert E. Hecht, Jr., sold; to the Alice Corinne McDaniel Collection, Department of the Classics, Harvard University (1967-2007), transfer; to the Harvard University Art Museums, 2007.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Transfer from the Alice Corinne McDaniel Collection, Department of the Classics, Harvard University
Accession Year
2007
Object Number
2007.104.22
Division
Asian and Mediterranean Art
Contact
am_asianmediterranean@harvard.edu
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Descriptions
Description
Very large terracotta lamp. Broad base. Underside of deep reservoir flares up- and outward with almost straight walls. Slightly sloping rim separated from sunken discus by two ridges defined by narrower ridges. Discus decorated in relief with gladiatorial accoutrements: a pair of leg-greaves, a pair of wrist-guards, two shields, two swords, and two helmets. Small central filling hole surrounded by a ridge also surrounded on either side by a narrower ridge. Double volute nozzle with broad tips and large wick holes. Some restoration at tips of nozzles. Double-leaf or heart-shaped decoration between volutes on the bridge of each nozzle. Horizontal perforated handle supports large, intact triangular handle ornament with decoration in relief: Victory standing beside an altar, holding a cornucopia in her right hand and a trophy (tropaeum) in her left. A shield rests on the altar. Victory is flanked by two Lares (household gods) presenting ritual offerings.

Buff fabric with mottled brick-red slip.

Classification: D. Bailey, A catalogue of the lamps in the British Museum vol. II (British Museum Publications, 1988), Type D.

Commentary
A lamp is a lighting device, which is fueled by oil. Roman lamps are typically made of either terracotta or bronze and are mold-made. Typically, the body is round and closed on top and there is a nozzle with a pick. Terracotta lamps are usually decorated with a wide variety of motifs. In houses, lamps may have stood on the top of a candelabrum (See: 1960.482) to light a room.

Likely modeled upon more prestigious examples in bronze, this double-nozzled lamp is an unusually large example with decorations that represent gladiatorial themes.The leg-greaves, wrist-guards, helmets, and shields found on the discus identify the gladiators as Thracian and Samnite (1). With the scene of Victory on the handle this lamp may commemorate a particular series of games.

Notes:
1. For similar motifs on the discus see a single-nozzled lamp in the Metropolitan Museum of Art 74.51.2028

Publication History

Sidney Goldstein, "A Terracotta Lamp in the McDaniel Collection", Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA, 1968), Vol. 73, pp. 291-303, pp. 291-303, pls. I-IV, V:1

Exhibition History

Roman Gallery Installation (long-term), Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 09/16/1999 - 01/20/2008

Re-View: S422 Ancient & Byzantine Art & Numismatics, Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 04/12/2008 - 06/18/2011

Subjects and Contexts

Roman Domestic Art

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Asian and Mediterranean Art at am_asianmediterranean@harvard.edu