The “Time is Now” for Teaching about Art

By Jen Thum
May 1, 2019
Jen Thum, the Harvard Art Museums’ Inga Maren Otto Curatorial Fellow in the Division of Academic and Public Programs, talks with students about Bruce Davidson’s East 100th Street Facade, which was part of the exhibition Time is Now: Photography and Social Change in James Baldwin’s America, at the Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts. Thum worked with Makeda Best (sitting at right), the museums’ Richard L. Menschel Curator of Photography and curator of Time is Now, to plan visits to the exhibition by fifth-grade students from a local school in Cambridge.

Makeda Best, the Richard L. Menschel Curator of Photography at the Harvard Art Museums, came to me with a big idea and a community contact.

It was October 2018 and Makeda’s exhibition Time is Now: Photography and Social Change in James Baldwin’s America was on view next door to the museums at the Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts. Makeda had wanted to offer an elementary school program for some time and had recently been in touch with Rose Levine, a fifth-grade teacher at Graham and Parks School, in Cambridge. In the spirit of the exhibition title, the time to welcome young visitors to the gallery was now. 

I have a background in school-age museum education and am committed to making art accessible for young audiences. I had just started my position as the Inga Maren Otto Curatorial Fellow in the Division of Academic and Public Programs at the museums when Makeda approached me about creating a program for the Graham and Parks students. I jumped at the chance to help realize her vision of mobilizing Time is Now as a pedagogical tool. 

The best educational programs start with learning goals and are structured purposefully to achieve them.

Our goals were broad: to inspire young people within the museum space; to give students the tools to think deeply about what they see in art; and to understand what is unique about photography as an artistic medium. Using Makeda’s exhibition as a springboard, we developed a lesson plan on the theme of people and places—specifically, the stories that artists, curators, and viewers tell about them using photographs. 

Makeda and I selected works in Time is Now that we felt best spoke to this theme and developed goal-driven exercises for each. We reviewed our plans with Rose to ensure that they were suitable for the students. The biggest challenge was that we’d be working with three different classes, including a Sheltered English Immersion group, and each group had its own unique dynamic and pedagogical style. 

In order to better tailor our teaching to each class, we conducted “pre-visits” at Graham and Parks. The concept of a pre-visit is something I learned from my training as a K–12 museum educator at the RISD Museum: by visiting students ahead of time in their usual learning environment, museum staff can get a feel for their classroom culture and build rapport with them. Beyond this, pre-visits offer the chance to introduce museum rules and expectations, familiarize students with the people and spaces they will encounter in the museum, and most importantly, get everyone excited about their upcoming trip. These sessions turned out to be as much a learning experience for us as they were for the students; Makeda and I got a feel for what each group was studying, what they were curious about, and how their interests could relate to the exhibition. 

During the pre-visits, we modeled the same type of close-looking exercises that we had planned for the gallery, using projected images of photographs from Time is Now. We talked about James Baldwin’s life and Makeda’s inspiration for the exhibition. We also introduced some vocabulary related to museums that would be useful during the program. Students were especially excited to learn what a curator does; Makeda graciously answered their questions about everything from her career path to her personal relationships with some of the photographers featured in the exhibition. Each classroom discussion was different; as we listened to the students, we thought about how to transform their observations into guiding principles for the gallery visits.

Makeda Best discusses photographs in the Time is Now exhibition with Graham and Parks students.

When the students arrived at the Carpenter Center the following week, they were energized and prepared to engage with photographs as both works of art and learning tools. We began with a close look at Bruce Davidson’s East 100th Street Facade and used prompts to get students thinking about setting: What kind of place is this? Does it remind you of somewhere you know? Students shared evidence to support their theories, a method we had practiced in their classrooms. 

We continued: Why do you think the photographer wanted to show us this place? With this question, the conversation quickly shifted to how the photograph was taken, with Makeda explaining the mechanics of Davidson’s enormous camera. We talked about how students today take pictures with their phones, and how different that might feel. 

We then introduced the topic of black and white photography and why an artist might use it. Most students hadn’t realized that this was a choice—they assumed that because the photographs were “old,” color photography hadn’t existed yet. Some stated that black and white photographs made the content seem older, or more serious, or even sad. From these observations we made the connection between the often-complicated subjects of the works in Time is Now—race, family life, social justice—and prevailing feelings about American society during James Baldwin’s lifetime. 

After breaking into smaller groups to discuss the stories told in Dawoud Bey’s Two Boys on Carrolburg and Ben Shahn’s Creole girls, Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana, Makeda walked students around the gallery and answered their questions. We talked about equity and equality—topics that were especially fresh in the minds of the Sheltered English Immersion class, which had recently learned these words—and asked whether students felt that the works in the exhibition illustrated these concepts. For some students, this was their first exposure to images of a segregated United States; many were surprised by the injustices they saw in the photographs, and they drew connections with the ideals of Martin Luther King, Jr. Our hope is that by introducing these difficult topics with works of art, we will have helped make the experience resonate and have a lasting impact on these young visitors.

Makeda Best answers students’ questions in the gallery.

The program concluded with a hands-on “found photos” activity, wherein each student received a photograph and was tasked with imagining a story from it. We facilitated this activity a bit differently for each class. The takeaway, however, was the same: photographs are documentary works of art that allow artists and curators to comment on issues they consider important, and even the youngest of viewers can derive meaning and inspiration from them. 

According to teacher Rose Levine, the trip was the first “real” museum visit for many of the students. They took it all in with “a sense of wonder and awe,” she said. “We appreciated the way that [the museums staff] took student ideas seriously and embraced the children’s natural curiosity. We will definitely be back!” 

Dan Byers, the John R. and Barbara Robinson Family Director of the Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts, noted that the visits represented “the ideal collaboration between two Harvard art institutions and a neighborhood public school. It meant so much to me to see children so deeply engaged in looking, thinking, and making.” He said that he is looking forward to other such programs in the future. 

 

Jen Thum is the Inga Maren Otto Curatorial Fellow in the Division of Academic and Public Programs at the Harvard Art Museums.