Coming of Age

July 17, 2018
The gray wood stain on the recent addition to our building has begun to transform into the natural silvery-gray appearance of aged Alaskan yellow cedar. Ultimately, this portion of the building’s exterior will have a uniformly weathered appearance, akin to the look of cedar shingles on coastal New England homes.

You might have noticed that the weather has taken a toll on the gray siding of the museums’ Prescott Street addition; while the wood stain was once monotone, you can now see some areas where the stain is clearly fading.

But not to worry—everything’s under control.

In fact, said Peter Atkinson, the museums’ director of facilities planning and management, “It’s willful neglect. We know exactly what the wood’s doing—the stain is starting to wear off, and it wears off unevenly. But we’re okay with that.”

Why? Because of the design and architectural decisions made more than five years ago during the museums’ renovation and expansion, led by the Renzo Piano Building Workshop and local design partner Payette. Piano, an Italian, was astonished at the longevity of classic coastal New England houses and the wood siding on them. He especially admired the look of Nantucket beach cottages, which are known for their gray, weathered cedar shingles. That aesthetic was ultimately what Piano intended for the contemporary exterior of the Harvard Art Museums, and that’s what we’re slowly but surely achieving.

The wood facade—which acts as a protective screen to the interior vapor barrier, but which has negligible insulation properties—is made of Alaskan yellow cedar. This very dense wood is highly resistant to disease and water damage. “Piano selected Alaskan yellow cedar knowing it would be solid and stable over its lifetime,” Atkinson said. “It will likely outlast us all.” Wood scientist Ron Anthony, based in Fort Collins, Colorado, has attested that the pieces used on the building could remain healthy for 400 years. What’s more, this type of wood has the visual characteristics Piano sought: initially a golden hue when harvested, it turns silvery-gray within just a few years.

The lumber was harvested in 2010 in British Columbia and brought to 32 Quincy Street (then under construction), where it was allowed to adjust to the local climate. During this time, the team tested various stains on samples of the wood, to assess how the wood aged and weathered outdoors. They found that it took about 18 months before the wood’s natural silvery-gray tone began to appear, so they decided to initially stain the wood for the building’s opening, ensuring that it was a consistent color and would look “fresh.” The stained wood was cut and installed by Mark Richey Woodworking of Newburyport, Massachusetts.

A test facade was allowed to age over two years so that the team could learn how the gray stain (top third of the mockup) would perform.

From the behavior of the test samples, the team knew that the stain would begin to fade away most dramatically as the wood approached its fifth birthday. Because the wood was hung in 2013, this year marks that five-year point. And right on time, we’re seeing the stain slowly disappear. As a recent report by Payette noted, the wood’s “natural beauty is now showing itself.”

  • of Because portions of the museums’ facade are exposed to varied amounts of sunlight, wind, and car exhaust (among other environmental factors), the gray wood stain is fading at different rates.
  • of The “barn door” that blocks sunlight from galleries on Levels 1 and 2 of the building’s Prescott Street side has had a faster level of fading than other, more hidden portions of the contemporary facade.

There’s more good news: physically, the wood is aging well, and is “extraordinarily healthy,” according to Atkinson. The team had anticipated needing to replace a small percentage of the pieces within the first couple of years of their installation, as a result of the natural growth characteristics of the wood itself. Instead, only a single piece (out of a total of more than 10,000) needed to be replaced. “The fact that more replacement has not been necessary is a testament to the quality of lumber that was used and the care [with] which it was shaped and installed,” Payette’s report said.

Although Alaskan yellow cedar is rarer and was therefore more difficult to source than many other options, it is obviously paying off—and in more ways than one. By embracing the wood’s natural, weathered state (and not requiring new paint every few years), the museums will not incur any additional expenses on that aspect of the exterior.

So the next time you approach the building from Broadway or Prescott Street and notice any unevenness in the wood siding, just remember: it’s only an awkward phase on the path to that beautiful, weathered appearance so characteristic of the architecture from our coastal region.