© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
Lucas Vorsterman, I, Flemish (Zaltbommel 1595 - 1675 Antwerp)
After Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish (Siegen, Westphalia 1577 - 1640 Antwerp, Belgium)
Battle of the Amazons
Work Type
Physical Descriptions
Engraving, from six plates, printed on six sheets joined together
118.1 x 151.1 cm (46 1/2 x 59 1/2 in.)
framed: 101.5 x 134 cm (39 15/16 x 52 3/4 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • inscription: engraved in plate, lower left: Lucas Vorsterman fecit
State, Edition, Standard Reference Number
Standard Reference Number
H. 100
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Gift of Robert and Barbara Wheaton
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art
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Label Text: 32Q: 2300 Dutch & Flemish , written 2015
Prints after Rubens

Peter Paul Rubens (1577–1640) was one of the most influential artists of his time. His paintings are characterized by the exuberance, complexity, and sensuality that helped define Baroque art throughout Europe. Rubens was a prolific artist, supported by a large and well-organized workshop. Beginning in 1619, he cultivated several printmakers for his workshop, including those represented in the current display.

Each of these works represents the translation of Rubens’s paintings into the print medium in order to disseminate the images to a wider audience. By employing various printmaking techniques, the artists worked closely with Rubens to emulate the many different aspects of his painting. For example, the heavy lines of the woodcut by Christoffel Jegher convey the drama of the original oil sketch for the decoration of a ceiling. Lucas Vorsterman and his student Paulus Pontius employed engraving to capture the dynamism and the subtle texture of Rubens’s brushwork. The etching by Frans van den Wyngaerde re-creates the interplay of light and shadow in the drapery and allows for the modeling of the fleshy bodies that are now synonymous with Rubens and his style. These prints each contain inscriptions crediting Rubens as the “inventor” or “painter” of the original composition and identify the printmaker as “sculptor” or “maker.”

[2007.235.2, G4174, G4743, G3094]

Exhibition History

32Q: 2300 Dutch & Flemish, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 09/10/2015 - 03/03/2016

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu