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Gallery Text

In early modern India, painting styles were often in flux, as alliances, tastes, and borders changed. Initially Islamic courts emulated Mughal styles, while painters at the Rajput courts maintained the vibrant styles indigenous to India. However, there was constant dialogue between the courts and between native and foreign artists.

This painting and the two nearby demonstrate a century of developments in the Rajput kingdom of Mewar, in Rajasthan. Mewar showed its independence in being the last great Rajasthani kingdom to accept Mughal hegemony (1615) and in adhering to an indigenous painting style. The geometric composition, bold colors, simplified tree forms, and figures in strict profile characterize that style. The powerful red circle symbolizes the rasamandala, Krishna’s cosmic round-dance with the milkmaids, mentioned in the inscription at the top of the page.

Identification and Creation
Object Number
Unknown Artist
Krishna, Radha and the Gopis with a Young Prince
Work Type
c. 1650
Creation Place: South Asia, India, Rajasthan, Mewar
Physical Descriptions
Opaque watercolor on paper
21.7 x 19 cm (8 9/16 x 7 1/2 in.)
framed: 48.58 x 38.42 x 2.22 cm (19 1/8 x 15 1/8 x 7/8 in.)
Stuart Cary Welch (by 1969), sold; to Harvard University Art Museums, 1995.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Gift in gratitude to John Coolidge, Gift of Leslie Cheek, Jr., Anonymous Fund in memory of Henry Berg, Louise Haskell Daly, Alpheus Hyatt, Richard Norton Memorial Funds and through the generosity of Albert H. Gordon and Emily Rauh Pulitzer; formerly in the collection of Stuart Cary Welch, Jr.
Accession Year
Object Number
Asian and Mediterranean Art
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Publication History

Stuart Cary Welch and Milo Cleveland Beach, Gods, Thrones, and Peacocks Northern Indian Painting from Two Traditions, exh. cat., Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, NY, 1965), page 64/figure 14

Elizabeth Finch, ed., Rajasthani Miniatures: The Welch Collection from the Arthur M. Sackler Museum, exh. cat., The Drawing Center (New York, NY, 1997), page 15

Exhibition History

Indian Harvest: Part 1, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/30/1995 - 01/21/1996

Rajasthani Miniatures: The Welch Collection at the Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Harvard University, The Drawing Center, New York, 04/16/1997 - 06/07/1997

Where Traditions Meet: Painting in India from the 15th-17th Centuries, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 06/05/2003 - 12/07/2003

32Q: 2590 South and Southeast Asia, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/01/2014 - 03/20/2015

Subjects and Contexts

Collection Highlights

Google Art Project

This record was created from historic documentation and may not have been reviewed by a curator; it may be inaccurate or incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Asian and Mediterranean Art at am_asianmediterranean@harvard.edu