© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
Thomas Cowperthwait Eakins, American (Philadelphia, PA 1844 - 1916 Philadelphia, PA)
Francis J. Ziegler
Other Titles
Former Title: The Critic
Work Type
c. 1890
Creation Place: North America, United States
Physical Descriptions
Oil on canvas
61 x 50.1 cm (24 x 19 3/4 in.)
framed: 77.5 x 67.3 x 7.6 cm (30 1/2 x 26 1/2 x 3 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • inscription: verso: To my friend/Francis Ziegler/Thomas Eakins
Given by Thomas Eakins to Francis J. Ziegler, Philadelphia, c. 1890; bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop to the Fogg Art Museum, 1943.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art
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Publication History

Memorial Exhibition of the Works of the Late Thomas Eakins, exh. cat., Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (Philadelphia, PA, 1918), reproduced in b/w no. 139, gallery F

Lloyd Goodrich, Thomas Eakins: His Life and Work (New York, NY, 1933), p. 183, no. 251

Fogg Art Museum and Benjamin Rowland, Jr., Real and Ideal in American Art, exh. cat. (Cambridge, MA, Summer 1948), cat. 20

Dorothy W. Gillerman, Gridley McKim-Smith, and Joan R. Mertens, Grenville L. Winthrop: Retrospective for a Collector, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1969), p. 238

Gordon Hendricks, The Life and Work of Thomas Eakins, Grossman Publishers (New York, NY, 1974), pp 104, 188; ill. p. 106, fig. 82; checklist p. 329, no. 137

John Wilmerding, American Views: Essays on American Art, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ, 1991), p. 250, fig. 166

Theodore E. Stebbins, Jr., Virginia Anderson, and Kimberly Orcutt, ed., American Paintings at Harvard, Volume Two, Paintings, Drawings, Pastels and Stained Glass by Artists Born 1826-1856, Harvard University Art Museums/Yale University Press (Cambridge, MA and New Haven, CT, 2008), p. 95-6, cat. no. 64, reproduced in color, p. 96

Exhibition History

Memorial Exhibition of the Works of the Late Thomas Eakins, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 12/23/1917 - 01/13/1918

Real and Ideal in American Art, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 06/01/1948 - 09/01/1948

For Students of Art and Lovers of Beauty: Highlights from the Collection of Grenville L. Winthrop, Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/16/2004

Re-View: S424-426 Western Art from 1560 to 1900, Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 08/16/2008 - 06/18/2011

American Art and Modernity, 1865–1965, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 09/04/2012 - 01/19/2013

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu