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Gallery Text

Exhibitions of the work of postimpressionist painter Paul Cézanne after his death in 1906 spurred several vanguard artists, Braque among them, to emulate the master and further his legacy. In May 1908 Braque traveled from Paris to paint in L’Estaque, a small French fishing village on the Mediterranean where Cézanne had made some of his most iconic paintings. The repetitive brushstroke, restricted palette, and vertiginous perspective of The Bay of Estaque demonstrate the influence of Cézanne. But the allover flattening of the rooftops in the foreground, hills in the background, and surface of the sea into a grid of roughly pyramidal units anticipates the innovative cubist painterly idiom Braque would develop alongside Picasso in the following year.

Identification and Creation
Object Number
Georges Braque, French (Argenteuil, France 1882 - 1963 Paris, France)
The Bay of Estaque
Other Titles
Original Language Title: La Baie de L'Estaque
Work Type
Creation Place: Europe, France
Level 1, Room 1300, Modern and Contemporary Art, Early Modernism
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Physical Descriptions
Oil on canvas
33 x 41 cm (13 x 16 1/8 in.)
frame: 49.8 x 58.1 x 3.8 cm (19 5/8 x 22 7/8 x 1 1/2 in.)
[Galerie Kahnweiler, Paris (inv. no. 118)]. Roger Dutilleul, Paris. Jean Masurel, Mouvaux. [Galerie Beyeler, Basel (through Martha Beck, New York, New York)], sold; to Harvard University Art Museums, 2001.

NOTE: In Dutilleul possession in 1933 according to e-mail from Susanne Kress dated 4/5/05.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Purchase through the generosity of Emily Rauh Pulitzer, Myron Laskin, George David, Ellen Abbott Gilman Trust, Jessie Lie Farber, Frances H. Burr Memorial Fund and the Director's Discretionary Fund; and through the generosity of Philip and Lynn Straus, Marshall Field, Irvin and Rebekah Taube, John and Jill Walsh and Richard E. Oldenburg in honor of James Cuno
© Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris
Accession Year
Object Number
Modern and Contemporary Art
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Publication History

Georges Braque, exh. cat., Kunsthalle Basel (Basel, Switzerland, 1933), p. 15, cat. no. 9.

Douze Peintures de Georges Braque 1908-1910, brochure, Galerie de France (Paris, France, 1943), Cat. no. 3.

Georges Braque, brochure, Landesamt fur Museen, Freiburg (Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany, 1948), Cat. no. 2.

Autour de 1900, exh. cat., Galerie Charpentier (Paris, France, 1950), Cat. no. 45.

W. Rubin, ed., Cezanne: the late work, exh. cat., Museum of Modern Art, New York (New York, NY, 1977), p. 172, ill.

Nicole Worms de Romilly and Jean Laude, Braque: Cubism 1907-1914, Maeght (Paris, France, 1982), p. 68, fig. 11

William Rubin and Museum of Modern Art, New York, Picasso and Braque: Pioneering Cubism, exh. cat., Bulfinch Press (New York, 1989), p. 88, ill.

Kimberly Orcutt, "Personal Collecting Meets Institutional Vision: The Origins of Harvard's Fogg Art Museum", Journal of the History of Collections (2006), vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 267-284, p. 282

Stephan Wolohojian, ed., Harvard Art Museum/ Handbook, Harvard Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 2008), p. 189, ill.

Joseph J. Rishel and Katherine Sachs, Cézanne and Beyond, exh. cat., Philadelphia Museum of Art (Philadelphia, 2009), p. 536, pl. 216.

Exhibition History

Georges Braque, Landesamt fur Museen, Freiburg, 10/01/1948 - 10/01/1948

Autour de 1900, Galerie Charpentier, Paris, 01/01/1950 - 01/01/1950

Collections privees du Nord-Ecole de Paris, Chateau de la Vigne, Bondues, 09/23/1967 - 11/05/1967

Le Bateau-Lavoir, Nihonbashi Mitsukoshi, 04/12/1977 - 04/24/1977; Osaka Mitsukoshi, 05/03/1977 - 05/15/1977

Cezanne and Beyond, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, 02/19/2009 - 05/31/2009

Re-View: European and American Art Since 1900, Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 05/03/2011 - 06/01/2013

32Q: 1300 Early Modernism, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/01/2014

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Modern and Contemporary Art at am_moderncontemporary@harvard.edu