verso © President and Fellows of Harvard College
Gallery Text

Gathered on this wall are components from a single luxurious manuscript created in Iran early in the reign of the Safavid dynasty. The intricately illuminated border in the double page above frames the opening poem of the book, which contains the collected works of Hafiz (c. 1315–90), one of the greatest lyric poets of classical Persian literature.

The Safavids united the eastern and western halves of Iran under one rule and, in royal scriptoria, brought together artists from these regions who eventually synthesized the two distinctive schools of painting. Both styles are discernible in this manuscript. Shaykh Zada (active 1510–50), who signed Incident in a Mosque, trained at the Timurid court in Herat to the east. With balanced composition, logical spatial layout, and precisely ordered decoration, this painting continues late Timurid traditions. By contrast, the undulating rhythms and roiling clouds of the two paintings at right reflect the more exuberant style that had developed at the Turkman courts in western Iran.

Identification and Creation
Object Number
Verses from the Divan by Hafiz, folio from a manuscript, right-hand side of a bifolio
Other Titles
Series/Book Title: Divan of Hafiz
Work Type
manuscript folio
c. 1530
Creation Place: Middle East, Iran, Tabriz
Safavid period
Physical Descriptions
Ink, opaque watercolor and gold on paper
sight: 29.2 x 18.2 cm (11 1/2 x 7 3/16 in.)
Welch family (by 1984), gift; to Harvard University Art Museums, 1984.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Gift of the Welch Family in memory of Philip Hofer
Accession Year
Object Number
Asian and Mediterranean Art
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Publication History

Stuart Cary Welch, Wonders of the Age: Masterpieces of Early Safavid Painting, 1501-1576, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1979)

Exhibition History

Recent Acquisitions , Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/15/1986 - 01/04/1987

Geometry of the Spirit: Islamic Illumination and Calligraphy, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 04/30/1988 - 06/26/1988

Eyes to the East: Indian, Persian, and Turkish Art Given by Harvard Graduates, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 09/22/1990 - 11/25/1990

Divinely Inspired: Images of Mystics and Mendicants, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 01/16/1999 - 03/29/1999

32Q: 2550 Islamic, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/01/2014 - 05/14/2015

Subjects and Contexts

Google Art Project

Related Works

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