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Identification and Creation
Object Number
1993.249
People
Chông Yusûng (also known as Ch'ui-ûn), Korean (born c. 1650 )
Title
Six Legendary Chinese Sages in Landscapes
Classification
Paintings
Work Type
painting, screen
Date
late 17th century
Places
Creation Place: East Asia, Korea
Period
Chosŏn dynasty, 1392-1910
Culture
Korean
Physical Descriptions
Medium
Six-panel folding screen; ink on paper; each painting with signature of the artist reading "Ch'ui-ûn" ("Drunken Hermit")
Dimensions
each painting: H. 59.4 x W. 37.8 cm (23 3/8 x 14 7/8 in.)
full screen (with mounting): H. 151.8 x W. 308.6 cm (59 3/4 x 121 1/2 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • Signed: Signature on each painting: Ch'ui-un (Drunken Hermit)
Provenance
[Kang Collection, New York (December 1993)] sold; to Harvard University Art Museums, 1993.
State, Edition, Standard Reference Number
Edition
#007
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Ernest B. and Helen Pratt Dane Fund for the Acquisition of Oriental Art
Accession Year
1993
Object Number
1993.249
Division
Asian and Mediterranean Art
Contact
am_asianmediterranean@harvard.edu
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Descriptions

Label Text: 32Q: 2600 East Asian, Japanese, Chinese and Korean , written 2014
The six paintings on this screen are outstanding examples of Korean literati painting from the early part of the Chosŏn period (1392–1910). Although executed in the manner of early and mid-seventeenth century Chinese literati paintings, the figures here are much larger in proportion to their settings than a Chinese artist would have depicted them at that time. Well integrated into the landscapes, the figures show a variety of poses, physiognomies, and personalities, while the landscapes reflect the changing seasons. The brushwork is vibrant, imparting life to the paintings, and the compositions work together harmoniously. The gentlemen are all Chinese sages, some mythical, some historical; their actions identify them as models of Confucian and Daoist virtue. The sages and their stories are so well known in East Asia that a simple four-character quatrain in the upper right corner suffices to identify the scene. Each painting bears the artist’s signature — the sobriquet Ch’uiŭn (Drunken Hermit) — in the upper left corner.
[Paintings, right to left]
Lin Pu Releasing Cranes at Mount Gu
Tao Yuanming Returning to the Farm at Lili
Laozi Riding through the Pass on a Black Ox
Zhang Liang Presenting the Straw Sandal at the Yi Bridge
Jiang Ziya Fishing in the Wei River
Xu You Washing His Ears in the Ying River

Label Text: A Decade of Collecting: Asian Acquisitions 1990-1999 , written 2000
In this screen, Ch˘ong Yu-s˘ung has depicted six famous Chinese worthies in a style reminiscent of Chinese literati paintings. Despite the painting's Chinese flavor, the bold, expressionistic brushwork and the large figures that dominate the landscapes they inhabit distinguish it as a work of seventeenth-century Korea. The sages-some mythical, some historical-are shown in acts that identify them as exemplars of Confucian or Daoist virtue. The figures display a variety of physiognomies and personalities, just as the landscapes reflect the changing seasons. Each painting bears the artist's signature-a sobriquet reading Ch'ui-˘un (Drunken Hermit)-in its upper left corner and a poetic title of four characters in its upper right corner; the sages and their stories are so well known in East Asia that a quatrain suffices to identify each scene. Arguably the most important Korean literati screen in the United States, this is one of four Korean screens acquired by the Sackler in the 1990s. The acquisition of these screens, of several Korean hanging scrolls, and of the Nelson Goodman collection of Korean paintings-thirty album leaves dating to the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries-signals the museum's commitment to the formation of a comprehensive collection of Korean art that includes paintings, ceramics, and Buddhist sculptures.

Exhibition History

Masterworks of East Asian Painting, Harvard University Art Museums, Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 11/03/1995 - 06/09/1996

A Compelling Legacy: Masterworks of East Asian Painting, Harvard University Art Museums, Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 08/24/2004 - 03/20/2005

32Q: 2600 East Asian, Japanese, Chinese and Korean, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/01/2014 - 05/31/2015

Subjects and Contexts

Collection Highlights

Google Art Project

Related Works

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Asian and Mediterranean Art at am_asianmediterranean@harvard.edu