© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Gallery Text

As both a founder of the Munich Secession and an influential teacher at the city’s Royal Academy (where his students included Paul Klee and Wassily Kandinsky), Franz von Stuck was a central figure in Munich’s art world at the turn of the twentieth century. His modern interpretation of the antique in works such as this sculpture and painting brought him particular success. Wounded Amazon (2002.96) depicts a battle between Amazons and centaurs; the particular subject is not found in classical mythology but is of the artist’s own invention. Though he was clearly influenced by the antiquities in Munich’s Glyptothek museum, Stuck based the painting on photographic studies of a model posed in his studio. Ever since he had featured the goddess Athena on the poster for the first Munich Secession exhibition in 1893, classical female warriors had appeared in his work as symbols of the new art. There are two other versions of this painting, and the artist eventually produced three life-sized versions of the sculpture (2003.132). One was installed outside Villa Stuck, the home he had designed for himself in Munich.

Identification and Creation
Object Number
Franz von Stuck, German (Tettenweis, near Passau, Germany 1863 - 1928 Munich, Germany)
Other Titles
Original Language Title: Amazone
Work Type
1897 (cast after 1905)
Level 1, Room 1440, Modern and Contemporary Art, Secessionism: Munich, Vienna, Berlin
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Physical Descriptions
64.2 x 46.4 x 17.3 cm (25 1/4 x 18 1/4 x 6 13/16 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • foundry mark: l.l. of base: GUSS C. LEYRER MÜNCHEN
  • stamp: u.c. of base: FRANZ VON STUCK
[Shepherd Gallery, New York, NY], sold; to Theodore E. Stebbins Jr (1982-2003), gift; to the Busch-Reisinger Museum, Harvard University Art Museums, 2003.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Busch-Reisinger Museum, Gift of Theodore E. Stebbins Jr. in honor of the 100th Anniversary of the Busch-Reisinger Museum
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art
Publication History

Peter Nisbet and Joseph Koerner, The Busch-Reisinger Museum, Harvard University Art Museums, ed. Peter Nisbet, Harvard University Art Museums and Scala Publishers Ltd. (Cambridge, MA and London, England, 2007), p. 194

Exhibition History

Before Expressionism: Art in Germany circa 1903, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 10/24/2003 - 02/15/2004

Making Myth Modern: Primordial Themes in German 20th-Century Sculpture, Harvard University Art Museums, Busch-Reisinger Museum, 07/14/2007 - 12/30/2007

32Q: 1440 Secessionism: Munich, Vienna, Berlin (Expressionism), Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/01/2014

Subjects and Contexts

Google Art Project

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