- Identification and Creation
- Object Number
Anthony van Dyck, Flemish (Antwerp, Belgium 1599 - 1641 London)
- Jan Brueghel the Elder
- Other Titles
- Series/Book Title: Iconography
- Work Type
- c. 1626-1633
- Physical Descriptions
- Etching on off-white antique laid paper
- platemark: 24.9 x 15.8 cm (9 13/16 x 6 1/4 in.)
sheet: 26 x 17.3 cm (10 1/4 x 6 13/16 in.)
framed: 57.8 x 47 x 2.5 cm (22 3/4 x 18 1/2 x 1 in.)
- Inscriptions and Marks
- watermark: none, but apparently the same paper as the portrait of Frans Snyders (M.-H. 11; 2008.25.11)
- inscription: lower margin, pen and brown ink: John Breughel
- collector's mark: recto, left, below platemark : P HL [H and L share line], in black ink [Prosper Henry Lankrink, Lugt 2090]
- Prosper Henry Lankrick, London (Lugt 2090). Cledenin J. Ryan, Short Hills, New Jersey, sold [through his sale, Parke Bernet, New York, January 19-20, 1940, lot 109]. Mr. and Mrs. W. Clifford Klenk, Long Island. [Sotheby Parke Bernet, New York, February 16, 1979, lot 607]. [R. M. Light & Co., Boston], sold; to Mr. and Mrs. Walter C. Klein, New York, gift; to Harvard Art Museums, 2008.
- State, Edition, Standard Reference Number
- Standard Reference Number
- M.-H. 1; Amsterdam/Antwerp 6
- Acquisition and Rights
- Credit Line
- Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Gift of Walter C. Klein, Class of 1939
- Accession Year
- Object Number
- European and American Art
- The Iconography is a collection of portrait prints made after drawings and paintings by van Dyck. Eighteen were etched by the artist himself, although the majority are engravings made by a variety of printmakers. This compilation of portraits of princes, politicians, soldiers, statesmen, scholars, art connoisseurs and most importantly artists, a survey of the most distinguished men and women of his time, went through many editions. The edition published by Martinus van den Enden during van Dyck's lifetime consisted of eighty portraits. Van Dyck prepared these prints by making oil sketches and drawings in black chalk, sometimes washed with brown ink.
Many of these eighteen etched portraits by van Dyck are rare first state impressions, including the artist's Self-Portrait. The majority of the other eighteen are depictions of artists as well, including Jan and Pieter Brueghel, Lucas Vorsterman and Paulus Pontius-important reproductive engravers of Rubens's work, and Cornelis Anthoniszoon.
Label Text: 32Q: 2300 Dutch & Flemish , written 2014
Unlike paintings, printed portraits were multiples, circulated widely. Printmakers used portraiture to experiment with lighting effects and
the depiction of costume and accessories. Portraits could be studies of character and emotion while also presenting the sitters’ status or social aspirations. As a young artist without access to paid models, Rembrandt inspected his own reflection to study countenance and clothing, a practice he continued throughout his career. Presented here are a self-portrait and the etched copper plate from which it was printed.
Rembrandt’s contemporary Anthony van Dyck employed portraiture to record his own bearing and that of fellow artists, their elegant miens and opulent attire affirming their celebrity status. Van Dyck kept his portraits spare, but Rembrandt creates a portrait of the sitter’s world in depicting the apothecary Abraham Francen, an avid collector of prints and drawings, as he examines an artwork in his lavish study.
Portraits sometimes commemorated the achievements of long, successful lives. Records suggest that Jan Lievens’s old man was 112 years old when portrayed, an artist’s opportunity to show the body marked by time. Jacob Matham produced a funerary portrait of his stepfather and mentor, Hendrick Goltzius, within an elaborate tomb-like framework. Impressions of the print are rare, perhaps because it was intended as a tribute distributed among intimates and admirers.
[2008.25.1-2, 2006.168, G461, G462, 2013.44, 1994.120, M22555, G3277]
- Publication History
M. Knoedler & Co., The Complete Etched Portrait Work of Anthony Van Dyck from the Collections of Sir Peter Lely and Prosper Henry Lankrink (New York, 1934), cat. no. 1, repr.
- Exhibition History
32Q: 2300 Dutch & Flemish, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/01/2014 - 04/09/2015
- Subjects and Contexts
Google Art Project
- Related Works
This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at email@example.com