The Summons

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American (Schwäbisch-Gmünd, Germany 1816 - 1868 Washington, DC)
The Summons, 1856
Former Title: Light and Shadow
Former Title: Entertaining the Messenger in the Outer Hall
Former Title: Entertaining the Messenger
Former Title: Light and Shade
19th century
Oil on canvas
79.4 x 114.9 cm (31 1/4 x 45 1/4 in.)
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Gift of Theodore E. Stebbins Jr.
, 2007.224
Department of American Paintings, Sculpture & Decorative Arts
signed: l.r.: E Leutze/56
Charles M. Leupp, New York, 1856-1860; William McDonald, Baltimore, 1867; Mrs. Harold Colvocoresses, 1943; with S. John Esposito, Middlefield, CT; Theodore E. Stebbins Jr., Boston, MA, 1976; his gift to the Harvard University Art Museums, 2007.
"Sketchings", The Crayon (July 1857), IV, p. 223

"Emanuel Leutze", Illustrirte Zeitung (Leipzig, Germany, July 4, 1857), pp. 11-13, ill. p. 12

"Art Resources", Cosmopolitan Art Journal (March 4, 1859), p. 85

Exhibition of a Valuable Collection of Oil Paintings Comprising the Most Recent and Important Works of E. Leutze, Esq., auct. cat., (May 7, 1863), cat. 15

Henry T. Tuckerman, Book of the Artists: American Artist Life, Comprising Biographical and Critical Sketches of American Artists, Preceded by an Historical Account of the Rise and Progress of Art in America, Putnam (New York, NY, 1867), p. 336

Friedrich von Boetticher, Malerwerke des Neunzehnten Jahrhunderts, F. v. Boetticher (Dresden, Germany, 1891 - 1901), p. 858, cat. 26

Century Association, Exhibition of Works by Emanuel Leutze, exh. cat., (New York, 1946), p. 95, no. 65

Barbara S. Groseclose, Emanuel Leutze, 1816-1868, Freedom Is the Only King, Smithsonian Institution for the National Collection of Fine Arts (Washington D.C., 1976), no. 83

Carol Troyen, A Private Eye: Fifty Nineteenth-Century American Paintings, Drawings, & Watercolors from the Stebbins Collection, exh. cat., The Heckscher Museum of Art (Huntington, NY, 1977), no. 35

James T. Callow, "American Art in the Collection of Charles M. Leupp", The Magazine Antiques (November 1980), vol.118, p. 1000, pl. 5

Theodore E. Stebbins, Jr. and Melissa Renn, American Paintings at Harvard, Volume One: Paintings, Watercolors, and Pastels by Artists Born before 1826, Yale University Press and Harvard Art Museums (Cambridge and New Haven, 2014), pp. 35, 336-37, cat. 299, ill.