Calyx Krater (Mixing Bowl For Wine And Water): Return Of Hephaistos To Olympos
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
Attributed to The Kleophrades Painter, Greek
Calyx Krater (mixing bowl for wine and water): Return of Hephaistos to Olympos
Work Type
c. 500 BCE
Creation Place: Ancient & Byzantine World, Europe, Athens (Attica)
Archaic period
Level 3, Room 3400, Ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern Art
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Physical Descriptions
43.8 cm h x 48 cm diam (17 1/4 x 18 7/8 in.)
Jacob Hirsch, New York, (by 1936), sold; to Frederick M. Watkins, (1941-1960), gift; to Fogg Art Museum, 1960.
State, Edition, Standard Reference Number
Standard Reference Number
Beazley Archive Database #201683
Aquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Gift of Frederick M. Watkins
Accession Year
Object Number
Asian and Mediterranean Art
Re-View Exhibition, Spring 2008, gallery label information:

The krater, a large vessel for mixing wine with water, was central to the symposion, the Greek all-male drinking party. Consuming undiluted wine was considered uncivilized: the habit of barbarians and of satyrs, the companions of the wine god Dionysos. Representations of satyrs-part human, part animal, and easily aroused-surround this vessel in a continuous procession. The frolicking is occasioned by Hephaistos's return, atop a mule, to Mount Olympos (note the satyr carrying the divine smith's bellows). This story illustrates the compelling power of wine, since it was Dionysos who persuaded the disgruntled Hephaistos to return-by making him drunk. The masterful drawing is from the hand of the Kleophrades Painter, a highly skilled but anonymous vase painter named after the potter whose products he decorated.
Publication History

Ancient Art in American Private Collections, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1954), no. 273, pl. 81.

The Frederick M. Watkins Collection, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1973), pp. 50-51, no. 20

Gabriele Pfister-Roesgen, Die etruskischen Spiegel des 5. Jhs. v. Chr., Peter Lang GmbH (Frankfurt am Main, 1975), p. 97.

Caroline Houser, Dionysos and His Circle: Ancient Through Modern, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1979), no. 4.

David Gordon Mitten and Amy Brauer, Dialogue with Antiquity, The Curatorial Achievement of George M. A. Hanfmann, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1982), p. 11, no. 16.

Kristin A. Mortimer, Harvard University Art Museums: A Guide to the Collections, Harvard University Art Museums/Abbeville Press (Cambridge, MA; New York, NY, 1985), p. 102, no. 112, ill.

James Cuno, Harvard's Art Museums: 100 Years of Collecting, Harvard University Art Museums/Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (Cambridge, MA, 1996), p. 100-101, ill.

Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae (LIMC), Artemis (Zürich, Switzerland, 1999), Vol. 4, Hephaistos 159; Vol. 8, Silenoi 103.

Dr. Sheramy D. Bundrick, Music and Image in Classical Athens, Cambridge University Press (U.K.) (New York, NY, 2005), p. 110, fig. 64

Stephan Wolohojian, ed., Harvard Art Museum/Handbook, exh. cat. (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2008)

Stephen Fineberg, Hephaestus on Foot in the Ceramicus, Transactions of the American Philological Association, The American Philological Association (2009), vol. 139, no. 2 (2009), 275-324, fig. 10

George M. A. Hanfmann and David Gordon Mitten, "The Art of Classical Antiquity", Apollo (May 1978), Vol. 107, No. 195, 8-15, fig. 7.

Exhibition History

Dialogue with Antiquity: The Curatorial Achievement of George M.A. Hanfmann, Fogg Art Museum, 05/07/1982 - 06/26/1982

Ancient Art in American Private Collections, Fogg Art Museum, 12/28/1954 - 02/15/1955

The Frederick M. Watkins Collection, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 01/31/1973 - 03/14/1973

Dionysos and His Circle: Ancient through Modern, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 12/10/1979 - 02/10/1980

Re-View: S422 Ancient & Byzantine Art & Numismatics, Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 04/12/2008 - 06/18/2011

HAA132e The Ideal of the Everyday in Greek Art (S427) Spring 2012, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 01/31/2012 - 05/12/2012

Subjects and Contexts

Collection Highlights

Verification Level

3 - Good. Object is well described and information is vetted