Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, Marquise De Pompadour
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Gallery Text

This likeness of the marquise de Pompadour (1721–1764) was originally painted as a rectangular bust-length portrait for her brother, Abel-François Poisson, marquis de Marigny. After being damaged in transit, the portrait was extended on all sides, most likely by Boucher himself, and transformed to portray the marquise at her dressing table. The depiction of the mirror was changed from silver to green lacquer around 1759, when many courtiers surrendered their precious metals to support the war against Britain. About a decade later, the canvas may have been reshaped into an oval to suit contemporary taste.

Pompadour was the official mistress of Louis XV beginning in 1745. The king’s portrait on her wrist decorously signifies that bond. The signature and date of 1758 found above the chair are much later additions.

Identification and Creation
Object Number
François Boucher, French (Paris 1703 - 1770 Paris)
Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour
Work Type
1750, with later additions
Physical Descriptions
Oil on canvas
81.2 × 64.9 cm (31 15/16 × 25 9/16 in.)
frame: 99.8 x 84.5 cm (39 5/16 x 33 1/4 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • inscription: left: f Boucher / 1758
Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour, gift; to her brother, M de Vandières, later the Marquis de Marigny (by 1781). [Anonymous sale, Maciet and Haro, March 15, 1875, lot 11]. Baron Salomon Albert Anselm de Rothschild, Vienna, (c. 1920s), by descent; to his son Baron Louis de Rothschild, Vienna, sold; through [unidentified dealer, sold]; to Baron Maurice de Rothschild, Pregny, Switzerland, (? - until 1952) sold; through [Rosenberg & Stiebel, New York (1952-1953) sold]; to Charles E. Dunlap (1953-1966) gift; to Fogg Art Museum, 1966.


Provenance from Gordon and Hensick, 2002. Much of the Louis de Rothschild collection was confiscated during World War II and recuperated afterwards.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Bequest of Charles E. Dunlap
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art
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Publication History

José de Los Llanos and Christiane Grégoire, Boîtes en or et objets de vertu, exh. cat., Paris-Musées (Paris), p. 28; repr. in color as fig. 7, p. 30

Denys Sutton, François Boucher: A Loan Exhibition for the Benefit of the New York Botanical Garden, exh. cat., Wildenstein & Company (New York, 1980), cat. no. 24, p. 42, fig. 24, repr.

Elise Goodman-Soellner, "Boucher's Madame de Pompadour at her toilette", Simiolus, Foundation for Dutch Art-Historical Publications (Apeldoorn, The Netherlands, 1987), vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 41-58, p. 43, repr. in b/w

Donald Posner, "Mme. de Pompadour as a Patron of the Visual Arts", The Art Bulletin, College Art Association of America (New York, NY, March 1990), vol. LXXII, no. 1, pp. 74-105, pp. 102-3, repr. in b/w as no. 21

Edgar Peters Bowron, European Paintings Before 1900 in the Fogg Art Museum: A Summary Catalogue including Paintings in the Busch-Reisinger Museum, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 1990), p. 57, color plate; pp. 99, 215, repr. b/w cat. no. 240

Richard Rand, Intimate Encounters: Love and Domesticity in Eighteenth-century France, exh. cat., Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ, 1997), repr. p. 114 as fig. 44, under no. 13

Helene E. Roberts, ed., Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography, Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers (Chicago, 1998), p. 325; repr. in b/w p. 322

Makeup! Aus der Geschichte der dekorativen Kosmetik, Druck Verlag Kettler (Bönen, Germany, 1998), repr. in color p. 108

Melissa Hyde, "The "Makeup" of the Marquise: Boucher's Portrait of Pompadour at Her Toilette", The Art Bulletin, College Art Association of America (New York, NY, September 2000), vol. LXXXII, no. 3, pp. 454-475, repr. in color, p. 454 and on cover

Elise Goodman, The Portraits of Madame de Pompadour: celebrating the femme savant, University of California Press (Berkeley, CA, 2000), repr. as plate 1

Angela Rosenthal, "Die Kunst des Errötens. Zur Kosmetik rassischer Differenz", Das Subjekt und die Anderen: Interkulturalität und Geschlechterdifferenz vom 18, ed. Herbert Uerlings, Erich Schmidt Verlag (Berlin, 2001), 16, pp. 95-110; repr. in b/w p. 117, abb. 7

Ewa Lajer-Burcharth, "Pompadour's Touch: Difference in Representation", Representations, The Regents of the University of California (Berkeley, CA, Winter 2001), no. 73, pp. 54-88, pp. 70-80; repr. in color as fig. 10, details repr. as figs. 13 and 15

Susan Griffin, The Book of the Courtesans, Broadway Books (New York, NY, 2001), pp. 176-177, repr. p. 158

John Rogister, "Imperial Decorator at Work", The Times Literary Supplement (New York, NY, November 15, 2002), no. 5198, pp. 18-19, p. 19

Alden Rand Gordon and Teri Hensick, "The Picture Within the Picture: Boucher's 1750 'Portrait of Madame de Pompadour' Identified", Apollo (February 2002), pp. 21-30, pp. 21-30; repr. as fig. 1

Xavier Salmon, Madame de Pompadour et les Arts, exh. cat., Réunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 2002), no. 30, repr. in color, pp. 152-154

Prof. Colin Jones, Madame de Pompadour: Images of a Mistress, exh. cat., National Gallery Company Limited (London, 2002), pp. 78-81, repr. in color, p. 79; details repr. pp. 2, 81

Christine Pevitt Algrant, Madame de Pompadour: Mistress of France, Grove Press (New York, NY, 2002), repr. in color on cover

Yves Carlier, "Details of the Toilet Service of the Duchesse de Cadaval", Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts (2004), vol. 78, no. 1/2, repr. as fig. 2, p. 6

June Wulff, "A Month of Events", The Boston Globe (December 18 2005), p. N10, repr. p. N10

"The Fogg's French Finery", Museums Boston (Fall 2005-Winter 2006), p. 19, p. 19, repr., and repr. on cover

"The French Collection", The Boston Globe (December 19 2005), repr. on cover of "Sidekick" section

Alvin L. Clark, Jr., "To Delight the Eye": French Drawings and Paintings from the Collection of Charles E. Dunlap, brochure, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2005), repr. in color p. 2 as fig. 1; checklist no. 1, p. 11

Sally Pointer, The Artifice of Beauty: A History and Practical Guide to Perfumes and Cosmetics, Sutton Publishing Ltd. (Gloucestershire, England, 2005), p. 115; repr. in color p. 116

"To Delight the Eye: French Drawings and Paintings from the Collection of Charles E. Dunlap", Journal of the Print World (Winter 2006), p. 18

Harold Koda and Andrew Bolton, Dangerous Liaisons, Metropolitan Museum of Art / Yale University Press (New York, 2006), ill. p. 37

Melissa Hyde and Mark Ledbury, ed., Rethinking Boucher, Getty Research Institute (Los Angeles, 2006), detail on back cover

Stephan Wolohojian, ed., Harvard Art Museum/ Handbook, Harvard Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 2008), p. 120, repr.

Susan Sidlauskas, Cézanne's Other: The Portraits of Hortense, University of California Press (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 2009), p. 23, fig. 7

Daniëlle O. Kisluk-Grosheide, "Inside the Box and Out", The Magazine Antiques (March-April 2011), pp. 124-131, p. 128, fig. 12

Eik Kahng, Picasso and Braque: The Cubist Experiment 1910-1912, exh. cat., Santa Barbara Museum of Art and Kimbell Art Museum (Santa Barbara, Fort Worth, 2011), p. 53, fig. 13, ill. (color)

Diana Scarisbrick, Portrait Jewels: Opulence and Intimacy from the Medici to the Romanovs, Thames and Hudson, Ltd. (London, 2011), pp.158, 159, 161, repr. p. 160 as fig. 173

Michael Glover, Great Works: Madame de Pompadour at Her Toilette, 1750-c1760 (81.2cm x 64.9cm), by François Boucher, The Independent (London, England, May 26, 2012), n.p., repr.

Jacoba de Jonge and Karen Van Godtsenhoven, Living Fashion: Women's Daily Wear 1750-1950 from the Jacoba de Jonge Collection, exh. cat., Lannoo Publishers (Tielt, 2012), p. 59, reproduced

[Reproduction only], "In the Air: Madame de Pompadour", T Magazine (New York Times), (August 21, 2016)., repr. p. 162

Yuriko Jackall and Philippe Bordes, America Collects Eighteenth-Century French Painting, exh. cat., National Gallery of Art/Lund Humphries Publishers (Washington, DC, 2017), pp. 262, 300, pl. 4, repr. p. 150 (detail)

Anna Tabakhova, Clasps: 4,000 Years of Fasteners in Jewellery, Éditions Terracol (Paris, 2017), pp. 230-231, repr. p. 230, and 231, detail

Jason Farago, How a Love of French Art Helped Shape the American Republic, The New York Times (New York, June 15, 2017)

Exhibition History

Madame de Pompadour et les Arts, Musée National des châteaux de Versailles et de Trianon, 02/14/2002 - 05/19/2002; Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung, Munich, 06/14/2002 - 09/15/2002; National Gallery, London, 10/16/2002 - 01/12/2003

The Portrait, Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 10/15/2004 - 01/09/2005

"To Delight the Eye": French Drawings and Paintings from the Collection of Charles E. Dunlap, Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 12/17/2005 - 03/12/2006

Re-View: S424-426 Western Art from 1560 to 1900, Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 08/16/2008 - 06/18/2011

Ancient to Modern, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 01/31/2012 - 06/01/2013

32Q: 2220 18th-19th Century, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/01/2014 - 04/19/2017

America Collects Eighteenth-Century French Painting, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 05/21/2017 - 08/20/2017

Subjects and Contexts

Collection Highlights

Google Art Project

Related Works

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