John Adams (1735-1826)

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American (Boston, MA 1738 - 1815 London, England)
(1735 - 1826)
John Adams (1735-1826), 1783
18th century
Creation Place: London, England, United Kingdom
Oil on canvas
238.1 x 147 cm (93 3/4 x 57 7/8 in.)
frame: 270.5 x 178.4 x 10.2 cm (106 1/2 x 70 1/4 x 4 in.)
Harvard University Portrait Collection, Bequest of Ward Nicholas Boylston to Harvard College, 1828
, H74
Harvard University Portrait Collection
inscription: in artist's hand: Inscription, on map: ATLAN/OCE
Commissioned by the sitter; retained by the artist; to Adams family; their loan to Ward Nicholas Boylston.
"The Crimson Party", Harvard Magazine (November-December 2000), p. 120., p. 120, ill.

Abigail Adams, Letters of Mrs. Adams, the Wife of John Adams, ed. Charles Francis Adams C. C. Little & and J. Brown (Boston, MA, 1840), v. 2, p. 31

W. H. Bartlett and B. B. Woodward, The History of the United States of North America from the Discovery of the Western World to the Present Day, G. Virtue & and Co. (New York, NY, 1856), vol. II, p. 191

Henry T. Tuckerman, Book of the Artists: American Artist Life, Comprising Biographical and Critical Sketches of American Artists, Preceded by an Historical Account of the Rise and Progress of Art in America, Putnam (New York, NY, 1867), p. 72

Augustus Thorndyke Perkins, A Sketch of the Life and a List of Some of the Works of John Singleton Copley, J. R. Osgood & and Company (Boston, MA, 1873), p. 27

Boston Art Club, Massachusetts Centennial Art Exhibition, exh. cat., (Boston, MA, 1876), p. 11, cat. 141

"The Fine Arts: United States Section--Painting in Oil", Philadelphia Evening Bulletin (Philadelphia, PA, June 23, 1876), p. 1, p. 1

J.S. Ingram, The Centennial Exposition, Hubbard Bros. (Philadelphia, PA, 1876), pp. 373-374

United States Centennial Commission, International Exhibition, 1876, Official Catalogue, Art Gallery and Annexes, exh. cat., John R. Nagle & and Co. (Philadelphia, PA, 1876), p. 19, cat. 85

Martha Babcock Amory, The Domestic and Artistic Life of John Singleton Copley, R.A., Houghton Mifflin Company (Boston, MA, 1882), pp. 87-91, 210, 328, 470

Justin Winsor, Narrative and Critical History of America, Houghton Mifflin Company (Boston, MA, 1884 - 1889), p. 36

Clarence Winthrop Bowen, ed., History of the Centennial Celebration of the Inauguration of George Washington, D. Appleton & and Co. (New York, NY, 1892), p. 423

William Garrott Brown, A List of Portraits in the Various Buildings of Harvard University, Harvard University Library (Cambridge, MA, 1898), p. 5

Frank William Bayley, A Sketch of the Life and a List of Some of the Works of John Singleton Copley, The Garden Press, W. B. Libby (Boston, MA, 1910), p. 9

Worthington Chauncey Ford, ed., Writings of John Quincy Adams, Greenwood Press (New York, NY, 1913-1917), pp. 70-71

Letters and Papers of John Singleton Copley and Henry Pelham, Kennedy Galleries, Inc. (New York, 1914 reprint), p. 374

Frank William Bayley, The Life and Works of John Singleton Copley: Founded on the Work of Augustus Thorndike Perkins, The Taylor Press (Boston, MA, 1915), pp. 32, 38

Fogg Art Museum Handbook, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1927), p. 56

Cuthbert Lee, Early American Portrait Painters: The Fourteen Principal Earliest Native-born Painters, Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven, CT, 1929), p. 72

Theodore Bolton and Henry Lorin Binsse, "John Singleton Copley", The Antiquarian (New York, NY, December 1930), pp. 116-118., p. 116

Loan Exhibition of One Hundred Colonial Portraits, exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (Boston, MA, 1930), ill. p. 1

Fogg Art Museum Handbook, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1936), ill. p. 107

Laura M. Huntsinger, Harvard Portraits: A Catalogue of Portrait Paintings at Harvard University, ed. Alan Burroughs Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA, 1936), p. 7

Paintings of John Singleton Copley, exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, NY, 1936), p. 9, pl. 41

Royal Cortissoz, "The Art of Copley at the Metropolitan", New York Herald Tribune (New York, NY, December 27, 1936), sec. 7, p. 8, p. 8

Historical Records Survey, Division of Professional and Service Projects, Works Progress Administration, American Portraits, 1620-1825, found in Massachusetts, Volumes 1 and 2, Historical Records Survey (Boston, MA, 1939), p. 3, cat. 12

Survey of American Painting, exh. cat., Carnegie Institute (Pittsburgh, PA, 1940), cat. 63

Richard Brandon Morris, The Life History of the United States: Vol. 2: The Making of a Nation: 1775-1789, Time Inc. (New York, NY, 1963), vol. 2, p. 47

H.C. Warwick and Henry C. Pitz, Early American Dress, B. Blom (New York, NY, 1965), pl. 11

Allan Nevins and Henry Steele Commager, A Short History of the United States, Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. (New York, NY, 1966), pl. III

Jules David Prown, John Singleton Copley, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA, 1966), vol. 2, pp. 300, 388, 411, pl. 438

Andrew Oliver, Portraits of John and Abigail Adams, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA, 1967), pp. 23-38, cat. 18, figs. 9, 10

Elizabeth Ripley, Copley: A Biography, J. B. Lippincott (Philadelphia, PA, 1967), pp. 54-55, ill.

Robert Plate, John Singleton Copley: America's First Great Artist, David McKay (New York, NY, 1969), pp. 128-129

William Dunlap, History of the Rise and Progress of the Arts of Design in the United States, Dover Publications Inc. (New York, 1969), vol. I, p. 120

Cornelius C. Vermeule, III, Numismatic Art in America, (Cambridge, MA, 1971), pp. 4-5, fig. I

Kenyon Castle Bolton, III, Peter G. Huenink, Earl A. Powell III, Harry Z. Rand and Nanette C. Sexton, American Art at Harvard, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1972), cat. 9, ill.

John J. Reardon, Edmund Randolph: A Biography, Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. (New York and London, 1974), ill. n.p.

Louise Todd Ambler, Benjamin Franklin: A Perspective, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1975), pp. 95, 141, no. 82, ill. p. 95

Thomas Fleming, 1776: Year of Illusions, W. W. Norton & and Company (New York, 1975), ill. n.p. detail

Peter Shaw, The Character of John Adams, The University of North Carolina Press (Chapel Hill, NC, 1976), frontispiece, fig. 2, opp. p. 132

Evelyn Branson, American History for Today, Ginn & and Company (Lexington, MA, 1977), p.

Stanley J. Idzerda, ed., Lafayette in the Age of the American Revolution: Selected Letters and Papers, Cornell University Press (Ithaca, NY, 1980), v. 5, ill. p. 228

Olivier Bernier, The Eighteenth-Century Woman, Doubleday & and Co. (Garden City, NY, 1981), ill. p. 97

Susan Mary Alsop, Yankees at the Court: The First Americans in Paris, Doubleday & and Co. (New York, NY, 1982), ill. between pp. 176-177

James G. Barber and Frederick S. Voss, Blessed are the Peacemakers: A Commemoration of the 200th Anniversary of the Treaty of Paris, exh. cat., National Portrait Gallery and Smithsonian Institution Press (Washington, D.C., 1983), pp. 22-23

William J. Shank, "John Singleton Copley's Portraits: A Technical Study of Three Representative Examples", Journal of the American Institute for Conservation (Washington, D.C., 1984), vol. 23, pp. 130-152, p. 134

Richard B. Bernstein and Kym S. Rice, "Are We To Be a Nation?": The Making of the Constitution, exh. cat., Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA, 1987), pl. 9

Richard B. Bernstein and Kym S. Rice, Are We To Be a Nation?: The Making of the Constitution, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA, 1987), pl. IX

Margaret Christman, The First Federal Congress 1789-1791, exh. cat., National Portrait Gallery (Washington, D.C, 1989), pp. 216-218, ill. p. 217

"200th Birthday of Quincy, Mass.", Yankee (Dublin, NH, February 1992)

Edith Gelles, Portia: The World of Abigail Adams, Indiana University Press (Bloomington, IN, 1992), ill. n.p.

Dickran Tashjian, "The Artlessness of American Culture", Making America: The Society & Culture of the United States, ed. Luther S. Luedtke, The University of North Carolina Press (Chapel Hill & London, 1992), pp. 162-175, p. 171, fig. 8.1

Sandra Grindlay, "Harvard's Portraits: An American Treasure", Harvard University Art Museums Review (Fall 1992), vol. II, no. 1, pp. 6-7, p. 6

Laura Fecych Sprague, The Legacy of James Bowdoin III, exh. cat., Bowdoin College Museum of Art (Brunswick, ME, 1994), pp.67-68, fig 19

John Ferling, John Adams: A Life, University of Tennessee Press (Knoxville, TN, 1995), frontispiece, pp. 275, 277

Theodore E. Stebbins, Jr., "An American Despite Himself", John Singleton Copley, ed. Carrie Rebora Barratt, The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, NY, 1995-1996), p. 79

Emily Ballew Neff, ed., John Singleton Copley in England, exh. cat., ed. Emily Ballew Neff The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (Houston, TX, 1995), p. 170, fig. 80

Edwin S. Gaustad, "Disciples of Reason", Christian History (Worcester, PA, May 1, 1996), vol. 15, issue 2, p. 28, ill. p. 28

Conor Cruise O'Brien, The Long Affair: Thomas Jefferson and the French Revolution, 1785-1800, The University of Chicago Press (Chicago & London, 1996), ill. opp. p. 9

Natalie Bober, Abigail Adams: Witness to a Revolution, Simon & and Schuster (New York, NY, 1998), ill. p. 126

Philip B. Kunhardt and Peter W. Kunhardt, The American President, Riverhead Books (New York, 1999), p. 134, ill.

James McPherson, "To the Best of My Ability": The American Presidents, Dorling Kindersley Limited (New York, 2000), ill. p. 27 (detail)

Russell Freedman, Give Me Liberty! The Story of the Declaration of Independence, Holiday House Inc. (New York, 2000), ill. p. 21

David McCullough, John Adams, Simon & and Schuster (New York, NY, 2001), pp. 297-298, ill. opp. p. 145

Margaret Pokorny, ed., Copley Square: The Story of Boston's Art Square, brochure, ed. Margaret Pokorny Friends of Copley Square (Boston, MA, 2002), p. 36, ill.

Gail Feigenbaum, ed., Jefferson's America & Napoleon's France, exh. cat., ed. Gail Feigenbaum New Orleans Museum of Art (New Orleans, 2003), p. 154, cat. 133

Jacqueline Jones, Created Equal: A Social and Political History of the United States, Longman Publishers (New York, NY, 2003), ill. p. 238

Steven C. Bullock, The American Revolution: A History in Documents, Oxford University Press (NY) (New York, 2003), ill. p. 113

Kimberly Orcutt, Process and Paradox: The Historical Pictures of John Singleton Copley, exh. cat., Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2004), pp. 3, 12, ill. p. 5

John T. Bethell, Richard M. Hunt and Robert Shenton, Harvard A to Z, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA, 2004), p. 277

James Grant, John Adams: Party of One, Farrar, Straus & and Giroux (New York, NY, 2005), pl.

Eric Stockdale, 'Tis Treason, My Good Man!: Four Revolutionary Presidents and a Piccadilly Bookshop, Oak Knoll Press and British Library (London, England, 2005), ill. p. 136

Stacey Bredhoff, Eyewitness: American Originals from the National Archives, The Foundation for the National Archives (Washington, DC, 2006), ill. p. 56

C. James Taylor, Papers of John Adams, Series III, General Correspondence and Other Papers of the Adams Statesmen, (Cambridge, MA, 2010), pp. xiii-xiv, 356, fig. 7

Gaye Wilson, "'Behold me at length on the vaunted scene of Europe': Thomas Jefferson and the Creation of an American Image Abroad", Old World, New World: America and Europe in the Age of Jefferson, ed. Leonard J. Sadosky, Peter Nicolaisen, Peter S. Onuf and Andrew J. O'Shaughnessy, University of Virginia Press (Charlottesville and London, 2010), pp. 155-178, pp. 171-174, fig. 8

Theodore E. Stebbins, Jr. and Melissa Renn, American Paintings at Harvard, Volume One: Paintings, Watercolors, and Pastels by Artists Born before 1826, Yale University Press and Harvard Art Museums (Cambridge and New Haven, 2014), pp. 23, 148-150, 463, cat. 93, ill.

Exhibition History
Unidentified Exhibition, St. Petersburg, 1811, Unknown Venue, St. Petersburg, 01/01/1811 - 12/31/1811
Boston Athenaeum Second Exhibition of Paintings, 1828, Boston Athenaeum, Boston, 05/01/1828 - 12/31/1828, no. 50
Massachusetts Centennial Art Exhibition, Boston Art Club, Boston, 04/01/1876 - 04/30/1876, 141
Unidentified Exhibition, MFA Boston, 1930, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, 05/20/1930 - 12/31/1930
Loan Exhibition of One Hundred Colonial Portraits: Massachusetts Bay Colony Tercentenary, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, 06/19/1930 - 09/21/1930
Survey of American Painting, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, 10/24/1940 - 12/15/1940, 63
American Art at Harvard, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/19/1972 - 06/18/1972, 9
Benjamin Franklin: A Perspective, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/17/1975 - 09/22/1975, 82
Blessed are the Peacemakers, National Portrait Gallery, Washington, 09/03/1983 - 11/27/1983
The First Federal Congress, 1789-1791, National Portrait Gallery, Washington, 03/02/1989 - 07/23/1989
The Legacy of James Bowdoin III, Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, 10/15/1993 - 06/26/1994
International Exhibition, Philadelphia, 1876, Philadelphia, PA, 05/10/1876 - 11/10/1876, 85
The Paintings of John Singleton Copley, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 12/22/1936 - 02/14/1937, 41
"Are We To Be A Nation?" The Making of the Federal Constitution, New York Public Library, New York, 04/16/1987 - 09/19/1987
Jefferson's America & Napoleon's France, New Orleans Museum of Art, New Orleans, 04/12/2001 - 08/31/2003
Process and Paradox: The Historical Pictures of John Singleton Copley, Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 05/08/2004 - 08/29/2004
Special installation, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Boston, 10/01/2004 - 10/01/2005
One year loan of John Singleton Copley, John Adams (1735 - 1826) to AAAS, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Boston, 10/01/2005 - 10/01/2006