Skating
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Gallery Text

Although he never exhibited with the impressionists, Manet had a formative influence on the group. He shared their commitment to depicting modern pastimes, as in this scene of a popular roller skating rink. The sport had exploded as a fashionable French pursuit in the 1870s, with five lavish rinks opening in Paris over a two-year period. The main figure here wears a chic outfit, which is displayed at its most alluring angle, accentuating its wearer’s curves. The dress contrasts starkly with the more typical all-black day dresses of the women in the middle ground. As he worked on this composition, Manet made the young child in the foreground increasingly indistinct, focusing the viewer’s attention almost exclusively on her stylish and attractive mother. The model for this figure, Henriette Hauser, was the mistress of the Prince of Orange and an aspiring actress. Manet painted her several times.

Identification and Creation
Object Number
1951.50
People
Edouard Manet, French (Paris 1832 - 1883 Paris)
Title
Skating
Other Titles
Original Language Title: Au Skating
Classification
Paintings
Work Type
painting
Date
1877
Culture
French
Location
Level 1, Room 1220, European Art, 19th–20th century, Collection of Maurice Wertheim, Class of 1906
View this object's location on our interactive map
Physical Descriptions
Medium
Oil on canvas
Dimensions
92 x 71.7 cm (36 1/4 x 28 1/4 in.)
framed: 112.4 x 92.7 x 9.5 cm (44 1/4 x 36 1/2 x 3 3/4 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • Signed: in red paint l.r.: Manet
  • inscription: verso (back of frame), handwritten in blue crayon: 8192
Provenance
Edouard Manet, Paris (1877-1883), sold; [through Vente Manet, Hotel Drouot, Paris, February 4, 1884, no. 8]; to Emanuel Chabrier (1884-1896) sold; [through Hotel Drouot, March 26, 1896, no. 9] to Manet family (1896-1897), sold; [Durand-Ruel, 1897]; to Auguste Pellerin, 1897. [Bernheim-Jeune, Paris, 1909] sold; to Joseph Hessel, 1909. Mme. Hugo Furstenberg-Cassirer, Berlin. [Paul Cassirer Gallery, Berlin (by 1925)]; Mme. Hugo Furstenberg-Cassirer, Berlin (by 1941); to [Galerie Thannhauser, New York 1946]. Maurice Wertheim, New York, 1949, bequest; to Fogg Art Museum, 1951.

Footnotes:
This work was in Manet's studio at his death (inventory #25).
Seligman list of French paintings at present in the U.S.A. May 1941, lists Manet, Skating as property of Mme. F., Paris
Galerie Thannhauser records list the painting in their Lagerkartei New York from 1941-1969.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Bequest from the Collection of Maurice Wertheim, Class of 1906
Accession Year
1951
Object Number
1951.50
Division
European and American Art
Contact
am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu
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Publication History

Manet Oeuvres Nouvelles, exh. cat., Galerie de "La Vie Moderne" (Paris, France, 1880), no. 7

Edmond Bazire, Manet, A. Quantin (Paris, France, 1884), p. 130

Manet: Exhibition Posthume, exh. cat., Ecole des Beaux-Arts (Paris, France, 1884), no. 89

P. Eudel, L'Hotel Drouot et la Curiosité en 1883-1884 (Paris, France, 1885), p. 173

J. L., "Exposition d'Oeuvres de Manet chez Durand-Ruel", La Chronique des arts et de la curiosité (December 12, 1896), p. 367

Theodore Duret, Histoire d'Edouard Manet et de son oeuvre [1st ed.], Henri Floury (Paris, France, 1902), p. 249, #225

Theodore Duret, Edouard Manet : sein Leben und seine Kunst, Paul Cassirer Gallery (Berlin, Germany, 1910), repr. p. 161

Les manet de la Collection Pellerin, exh. cat., Paul Cassirer Gallery (Berlin, Germany, 1910)

Antonin Proust, Edouard Manet: Souvenirs (Paris, France, 1913), p. 89, repr. p. 24

[Unidentified article], L'Amour de l'Art (1922), repr. p. 259

Emil Waldmann, Edouard Manet, Paul Cassirer Gallery (Berlin, Germany, 1923), repr. pp. 85, 109, 119

Impressionisten Ausstellung, exh. cat., Paul Cassirer Gallery (Berlin, Germany, 1925)

Etienne Moreau-Nélaton, Manet raconté par lui-meme, H. Laurens (Paris, France, 1926), no. 218; repr. fig. 214. pp. 44-45, 67

Julius Meier-Graefe, Manet (1927), p. 250

Adolphe Tabarant, Manet: Histoire Catalographique, Ed. Montaigne (Paris, France, 1931), no. 262, pp. 314-315

Paul Jamot and Georges Wildenstein, Manet, Les Beaux-Arts, Paris (Paris, France, 1932), v. 1, no. 279; repr. v. II, fig. 160

Paul Colin, Manet, Librairie Floury (Paris, France, 1937), repr. pl. [p.?] 104

La Pintura Francesa de David a Nuestros Dias, exh. cat., Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires (Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1939), No. 86

René Huyghe, La Pintura francesa desde 1800 hasta nuestros dias (Paris, France, 1939), repr. pl. 37

Lionello Venturi, Les Archives de l'Impressionisme (Paris, France, 1939), vol. II, p. 214

Painting of France since the Revolution, exh. cat., M.H. de Young Memorial Museum (San Francisco, CA, 1940), no. 67, repr. pl. 77

Walter Heil, The Painting of France, M.H. de Young Memorial Museum (San Francisco, CA, 1940), p. 67

French Painting from David to Toulouse-Lautrec, exh. cat., George Grady (New York, NY, 1941), no. 80, repr. fig. 36

Masterpieces of French Art lent by the museums and collectors of France, exh. cat., The Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago, IL, 1941), no. 97, repr. pl. 30

Adolphe Tabarant, Manet et ses oeuvres (Paris, France, 1947), no. 280. pp. 314, 315, 376, 491, 54, 612

La Peinture Française Depuis 1870: Collection Maurice Wertheim, exh. cat., Tom Taylor (Québec, Canada, 1949), no. 6, pp. 17-19

"Names Withheld", Art News (February 1950), repr. in color

A Collector's Exhibition: Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Masterpieces from the Collections of Members of the Advisory Committee of the Institute of Fine Arts., exh. cat., Knoedler & Co. Inc. (New York, NY, 1950), repr. p. 5

"19th and 20th Century Art", Think (September 1952), pp. 18-19, 32. repr.

George Heard Hamilton, Manet and his Critics, Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven, CT, 1954), p. 271

Edouard Manet : paintings and drawings, Phaidon Press/Garden City Books (London, England and New York, NY, 1958), repr., color

John Canaday, Mainstreams of Modern Art, Henry Holt and Co. (New York, NY, 1959), p. 178; repr. p. 177

John Canaday, Metropolitan Seminars in Art: Great Periods in Painting (New York, NY, 1960), repr. in color, pl. 9

The Maurice Wertheim Catalogue: Modern French Art-- Monet to Picasso, exh. cat., North Carolina Museum of Art (Raleigh, NC, 1960), p. 20; repr. p. 21

The Maurice Wertheim Collection: Modern French Art-- Manet to Picasso, exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (Houston, TX, 1962), p. 24, repr. pl. 7

Roger Delage, "Chabrier et ses amis Impressionistes", L'oeil (December 1963), no. 17, repr.

Paolo Lecaldano, ed., The Complete Paintings of Manet, Rizzoli (New York, NY, 1967), repr. in color

William Leonard Langer, Western Civilization, American Heritage (New York, NY, 1968), repr. in color, vol. 2, p. 565

L'Art Modern du Monde: Manet, Zauho Press (Tokyo, Japan, 1970), repr. in color, no. 46

Denis Rouart and Sandra Orienti, Tout L'Oeuvre Peint d'Edouard Manet (Paris, France, 1970), no. 234

James Nelson, "Impressionism Ridiculed by 19th Century Critics", The Montgomery Advertiser Journal (Montgomery, AL, June 6, 1971), repr.

Germain Bazin, Edouard Manet (Milan, Italy, 1972), pps. 9, 53, 80

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, exh. cat., Maine State Museum (Augusta, ME, 1972), No. 13, repr.

Werner Hofmann, Nana: Mythos und Wirklichkeit, DuMont Schauberg (Cologne, Germany, 1973), p. 11, fig. 12

Denis Rouart and Daniel Wildenstein, Edouard Manet: Catalogue Raisonné, La Bibliothèque des Arts (Lausanne, Switzerland and Paris, France, 1975), no. 260, p. 210

Anne Coffin Hanson, Manet and the Modern Tradition, Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven, CT and London, England, 1977), repr. no. 91, pps. 132, 175, 204

[Reproduction only], Apollo, (June 1978)., repr. in color on cover

Charles F. Stuckey, Toulouse-Lautrec: Paintings, exh. cat., The Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago, IL, 1979), repr. in b/w, fig. 4, p. 185

John Canaday, Mainstreams of Modern Art [2nd ed.], Holt, Rinehart & Winston (New York, NY, 1981), repr.in b/w no. 261, p. 217; detail, no. 262, p. 217; text p. 217

Deborah Ann Gribbon, "Manet: The Development of His Art Between 1868 and 1876" (Ph.D. Diss., Harvard University, 1982), Unpublished, pp. 191-194, 199 - 204, fig 79

Charles F. Stuckey, Manet, exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, NY, 1983), repr. in color no. 14, text p. 14

Françoise Cachin and Charles S. Moffett, Manet, 1832-1883, exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, NY, 1983), pp. 182, 407, 441

Joan Samuels, "Technical Study of Skating by Edouard Manet" (thesis (certificate in conservation), Straus Center for Conservation and Technical Studies, July 1984), Unpublished, pp. 1-27 passim

Vivien Raynor, "Art: Impressionist Show at the I.B.M. Gallery" [review], The New York Times (New York, NY, April 26, 1985), p. C24

G. Freisinger, "Second Impressions", Harvard Magazine (Cambridge, MA, May 1985 - June 1985), pp. 40, 41, ill.

Kristin A. Mortimer, Harvard University Art Museums: A Guide to the Collections, Harvard University Art Museums/Abbeville Press (Cambridge, MA; New York, NY, 1985), no. 216, p. 190, repr. b/w

Kathleen Adler, Manet, Phaidon Press (Oxford, England, 1986), p. 214, pl. 207

John O'Brian, Degas to Matisse: the Maurice Wertheim Collection, exh. cat., Harry N. Abrams, Inc./Fogg Art Museum (New York, NY and Cambridge, MA, 1988), no. 11, pp. 66-69, repr. in color p. 67

T. A. Gronberg, Manet: A Retrospective, Hugh Lauter Levin Associates, Inc. (New York, NY, 1988), p. 223, 251; color plate no. 77, p. 255

Edward Lucie-Smith, Impressionist Women, Weidenfeld & Nicolson (London, England, 1989), p. 23, repr. p. 15, fig. 7

Edgar Peters Bowron, European Paintings Before 1900 in the Fogg Art Museum: A Summary Catalogue including Paintings in the Busch-Reisinger Museum, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 1990), p. 85, color plate; pp. 117, 247, repr. b/w cat. no. 351

The Maurice Wertheim Collection and Selected Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Paintings and Drawings in the Fogg Art Museum, exh. cat., Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, NY, 1990), repr. in color no. 3, p. 37

Eric Darragon, Manet, Editions Citadelles (Paris, France, 1991), repr. in color fig. 194, p. 274

Edouard Manet, Orion Press (Tokyo, Japan, 1992), repr. in color, p. 49

Vincent van Gogh and Japan, exh. cat., National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto (Kyoto, Japan, 1992), fig. 16, p. 174, repr. in b/w

Françoise Cachin, Manet: "J'ai fait ce que j'ai vu", Gallimard/Reunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 1994), repr. in color, p. 120

James Cuno, Harvard's Art Museums: 100 Years of Collecting, Harvard University Art Museums/Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (Cambridge, MA, 1996), p. 190, ill. p. 191

Modern Art at Harvard, exh. cat., Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Inc. (Tokyo, Japan, 1999), no. 12, p. 49

Belinda Thomson, Impressionism: Origins, Practice, Reception, Thames and Hudson, Ltd. (London, 2000), pp. 205, 207, 208, repr. in color

Dr. Ina Conzen, Edouard Manet und die Impressionisten, exh. cat., Hatje Cantz Verlag (Ostfildern-Ruit, 2002), no. 48, repr. in color; p. 119

Carol Armstrong, Manet Manette, Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven and London, 2002), pp. 250-251, no. 123, repr. in b/w

Svetlana Alpers, The Vexations of Art: Velazquez and Others, Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven, CT, and London, 2005), p. 244; repr. in b/w p. 245 as fig. 151

Nancy H. Yeide, "The Spirit of France: The 1940-46 Exhibition of French Art in the United States", The Burlington Magazine (London, August 2012), Vol. CLIV, August 2012, pp 564-569, p. 565, 569, repr. as fig. 35

Charles-Arthur Boyer, Petites histoires de corsets au temps des impressionistes, Editions de La Martinière (Paris, France, 2012), pp. 108-109, reproduced [in color]

Review of "Anders Zorn", The Burlington Magazine (June 2013), CLV, pp. 436-437, p. 437

Elizabeth M. Rudy, "Researching the Wertheim Collection at the Harvard Art Museums", Collections: A Journal for Museum and Archives Professionals (Summer 2014), Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 301-6

Cristóbal Amunátegui, Circles, Circuts, Cycles, AA Files (London, 2015), 71, pp. 75-89, p. 89, repr.

Exhibition History

Manet Oeuvres Nouvelles, Galerie de "La Vie Moderne", Paris, 01/01/1880 - 12/31/1880

Manet: Exhibition Posthume, Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 01/01/1884 - 12/31/1884

Oeuvres de Manet, Durand-Ruel Paris, Paris, 01/01/1896 - 12/31/1896

Exposition Manet de la collection Pellerin, Moderne Galerie Thannhauser, Munich, 01/01/1910 - 12/31/1910; Paul Cassirer Gallery, Berlin, 01/01/1910 - 12/31/1910; Galerie Bernheim Jeune, Paris, 06/01/1910 - 06/17/1910

Impressionisten Ausstellung, Paul Cassirer Gallery, Berlin, 01/01/1925 - 12/13/1925

La Pintura Francesa de David a Nuestros Dias, Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, 07/01/1939 - 07/31/1939; Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, 01/01/1940 - 12/31/1940; Comisionade Nacional de Bellas Artes, Montevideo, 01/04/1940 - 12/31/1940

The Painting of France Since the Revolution, M.H. de Young Memorial Museum, San Francisco, 12/01/1940 - 12/31/1940

French Painting from David to Toulouse-Lautrec, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 02/06/1941 - 03/26/1941

Masterpieces of French Art, The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, 04/10/1941 - 05/20/1941; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, 06/01/1941 - 07/31/1941

La Peinture Française depuis 1870, Musée de la Province de Quebec, 07/12/1949 - 08/07/1949

A Collector's Exhibition, M. Knoedler & Co., Newport, 02/06/1950 - 02/25/1950

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 07/01/1952 - 09/14/1952

French Paintings Since 1870 from the Maurice Wertheim Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 06/01/1953 - 09/30/1953

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, 06/15/1957 - 09/15/1957

Unidentified Exhibition, Council of Jewish Women, 1957, Council of Jewish Women, New York, 10/25/1957 - 11/02/1957

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, 06/10/1958 - 08/31/1958

The Maurice Wertheim Collection: Modern French Art--Monet to Picasso, North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, 06/17/1960 - 09/04/1960

The Maurice Wertheim Collection: Manet to Picasso, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Houston, 06/13/1962 - 09/02/1962

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, 06/20/1963 - 09/01/1963

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Currier Museum of Art, Manchester, 06/24/1965 - 09/07/1965

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, 09/03/1968 - 09/22/1968

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Montgomery Museum of Art, Montgomery, 06/01/1971 - 09/30/1971

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Maine State Museum, Augusta, 06/01/1972 - 09/01/1972

Manet to Matisse: The Maurice Wertheim Collection, IBM Gallery of Science and Art, New York, 04/09/1985 - 05/25/1985

Masterpieces of European Art, Busch-Reisinger Museum, Cambridge, 06/22/1985 - 09/15/1985

The Maurice Wertheim Collection and Selected Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Paintings and Drawings in the Fogg Art Museum, Isetan Department Store, Tokyo, 03/01/1990 - 04/10/1990; Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 04/14/1990 - 05/13/1990

Modern Art at Harvard, Bunkamura Museum of Art, Tokyo, 07/31/1999 - 09/26/1999; Takamatsu City Museum of Art, Kagawa, 10/09/1999 - 11/14/1999; Matsuzakaya Art Museum, Nagoya, 12/02/1999 - 12/27/1999; Oita City Museum, Oita, 01/06/2000 - 02/06/2000; Museum of Modern Art, Ibaraki, Ibaraki, 02/11/2000 - 03/26/2000

Edouard Manet und die Impressionisten, Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 09/21/2002 - 02/09/2003

Re-View: S427 Impressionist & Postimpressionist Art, Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 08/02/2008 - 06/18/2011

32Q: 1220 Wertheim, Harvard Art Museums, 11/16/2014 - 01/01/9999

Subjects and Contexts

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This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu