Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)

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American (Oyster Bay, NY c. 1707 - c. 1752 Bermuda)
Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), c. 1746
18th century
Creation Place: United States
Oil on canvas
127 x 102 cm (50 x 40 3/16 in.)
Harvard University Portrait Collection, Bequest of Dr. John Collins Warren, 1856
, H47
Harvard University Portrait Collection
John Franklin, Newport, RI; bequeathed to his wife, Elizabeth Gooch Hubbart Franklin,1756; bequeathed to her son (by her first marriage), Tuthill Hubbart, 1768; descended to his sister Elizabeth Hubbart (Mrs. Samuel Partridge), Boston, 1808; purchased from estate of Elizabeth Hubbart Partridge by Stephen Bean, 1814; to his wife, Susan Hubbart Bean (niece of Tuthill Hubbart); to her sister, Elizabeth Hubbart Sumner, 1828; to her husband, Dr. Thomas Waldron Sumner, Boston, 1839; sold by Sumner estate to Dr. John Collins Warren, Boston, 1849-1850; descended to his son, Dr. John Collins Warren Jr., 1856.
"List of Works in the New York Public Library by or relating to Benjamin Franklin", Bulletin of the New York Public Library (January-December 1906), vol. X, pp. 29-83, p. 58

Jared Sparks, The works of Benjamin Franklin: containing several political and historical tracts not included in any former edition, and many letters, official and private, not hitherto published; with notes and a life of the author, Childs & and Peterson (1840), vol. 1, frontispiece

James Parton, Life and Times of Benjamin Franklin, Mason Brothers (Boston, MA, 1864), frontispiece

Justin Winsor, The Memorial History of Boston, James R. Osgood & and Co. (Boston, MA, 1881)

John Thomas Scharf and Thompson Westcott, History of Philadelphia, 1609-1994, L. H. Everts & and Co. II (Philadelphia, PA, 1884), vol. 1, p. 220, ill.

"Portraits of Benjamin Franklin", The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography (July 1887), vol. XI, no. 2, pp. 173-74, p. 174

Clarence Winthrop Bowen, ed., History of the Centennial Celebration of the Inauguration of George Washington, D. Appleton & and Co. (New York, NY, 1892), p. 457, ill. pp. 464-65

"Franklin Portraits", Bulletin of the Boston Public Library (July 1892), pp. 130-150, p. 146

"The Life Portraits of Benjamin Franklin", McClure's Magazine (January 1897), vol. VIII, no. 3, pp. 263-273, p. 264

William Garrott Brown, A List of Portraits in the Various Buildings of Harvard University, Harvard University Library (Cambridge, MA, 1898), p. 18

Sydney George Fisher, The True Benjamin Franklin, J. B. Lippincott (1899), pp. 28-31, ill. 28-29

Paul Leicester Ford, The Many-Sided Franklin, The Century Co. (New York, NY, 1899), frontispiece

John Fiske, The Dutch and Quaker Colonies in America, 2 vols., Houghton Mifflin Company (Boston, MA and New York, MY, 1899), vol. II, p. 307, ill.

Lawrence Park, "A Portrait of Franklin by Robert Feke", Art in America and Elsewhere (December 1923), vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 28-32, pp. 28-32, ill.

Cuthbert Lee, Early American Portrait Painters: The Fourteen Principal Earliest Native-born Painters, Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven, CT, 1929), pp. 188-189

Henry Wilder Foote, Robert Feke: Colonial Portrait Painter, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA, 1930), pp. 67, pp. 151-154

"Feke's Portrait of Benjamin Franklin", Harvard Alumni Bulletin (Cambridge, MA, February 10, 1933), vol. XXXV, no. 18, pp. 508-09, ill. p. 508

Laura M. Huntsinger, Harvard Portraits: A Catalogue of Portrait Paintings at Harvard University, ed. Alan Burroughs Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA, 1936), p. 59

Alan Burroughs, Limners and Likenesses: Three Centuries of American Painting, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA, 1936), p. 53, fig. 38

The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Benjamin Franklin and His Circle, exh. cat., Plantin Press (New York, NY, 1936), pp. vii, 22-23, cat. 1, ill.

Joseph Downs, "Benjamin Franklin and His Circle", The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin (May 1936), vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 97-104, p. 99

Carl van Doren, Benjamin Franklin, Viking Press (New York, NY, 1938), pp. 260, 794, ill. opp. p. 37

Historical Records Survey, Division of Professional and Service Projects, Works Progress Administration, American Portraits, 1620-1825, found in Massachusetts, Volumes 1 and 2, Historical Records Survey (Boston, MA, 1939), p. 153, cat. 800

Mrs. Russell Hastings, "Some Franklin Memorabilia Emerges in Los Angeles", Antiques (November 1939), vol. XXVI, no. 5, pp. 222-226, p. 222, fig. 2

Alan Burroughs, "Five Harvard Portraits", Bulletin of the Fogg Art Museum, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, November 1941), vol. IX, no. 5, pp. 106-109, pp. 107-109, fig. 5

Alan Burroughs, John Greenwood in America, 1745-1752: A Monograph With Notes and a Check List, Addison Gallery of American Art (Andover, MA, 1943), pp. 35- 36, p. 65, fig. 26, fig. h

Washington, Lafayette, Franklin: Portraits, Books, Manuscripts, Prints, Memorabilia, for the Most Part from the Collections of the University, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1944), pp. 27, cat. 52, ill. opp. p. 27

Roger Butterfield, The American Past: A History of the United States from Concord to Hiroshima, 1775-1945, Simon & and Schuster (New York, NY, 1947), frontispiece

United States Sesquicentennial Commission, "Loan Exhibition of Portraits", (Washington, DC, 1947), p. 808, no. 135

Frank N. Jones, "The Libraries of the Harvard Houses", Harvard Library Bulletin, Harvard University Library (Cambridge, MA, Autumn 1948), vol. II, no. 3, pp. 362-377, p. 364

E. Gordon Alderfer, Northampton Heritage: The Story of An American County, The Northampton County Historical and Genealogical Society (Easton, PA, 1953), p. 123, ill.

Richard Brandon Morris, "Benjamin Franklin's Grand Design", American Heritage (New York, NY, February 1956), pp. 4-7, ill. p. 4

Charles Coleman Sellers, ""Catalogue of the Society's Exhibition of Portraits of Benjamin Franklin, January 17-April 20, 1956", Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, American Philosophical Society (August 31, 1956), vol. 100, no. 4, pp. 369-84, p. 369

Benjamin Franklin, The Papers of Benjamin Franklin, 9 vols., ed. Leonard, W. Labaree Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven, CT, 1959), vol. II, xiii, frontispiece

John Dos Passos, Prospects of a Golden Age, Prentice-Hall (New York, 1959), ill. p. 80-81

Carl Bridenbaugh, "America's First Man of the World", The New York Times Book Review (November 22, 1959), p. 1, p. 1, ill.

Charles Coleman Sellers, Benjamin Franklin in Portraiture, Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven, CT, 1962), pp. 24-45, p. 281

Benjamin Franklin, The Benjamin Franklin Papers, ed. Frank Donovan Dodd, Mead and Co. (New York, NY, 1962), ill.opp. p. 16

Richard Brandon Morris, The Life History of the United States: Vol. 1: The New World, Time Inc. (New York, NY, 1963), p. 132

Stephen Hess, The Ungentlemanly Art: A History of American Political Cartoons, The Macmillan Company (New York, NY, 1968), p. 182, ill.

Louise Todd Ambler, Early Science at Harvard: Innovators and Their Instruments, 1765 - 1865, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, December 1969-January 1970), pp. 12-13, 75 cat. 11, ill.

Philadelphia Painting and Printing to 1776, exh. cat., Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (Philadelphia, PA, 1971), p. 17, ill.

R. Peter Mooz, "Robert Feke: The Philadelphia Story", American Painting to 1776: A Reappraisal, Winterthur Conference Report, ed. Ian M. G. Quimby, The University Press of Virginia and Henry Francis DuPont Winterthur Museum (Charlottesville, VA, 1971), pp. 181-216, p. 203

Thomas Fleming, ed., Benjamin Franklin: A Biography in His Own Words, Harper & and Row (New York, NY, 1972), p. 81, ill

Raymond J. Seeger, Benjamin Franklin: New World Physicist, Pergamon Press (New York, NY, 1973), pp. 8-9

The Britannica Encyclopedia of American Art, Simon & and Schuster (New York, 1973), pp. 172-173, fig. 2

Max Hall, "From Ben to Benjaminem", Harvard Magazine (Cambridge, MA, May 1975), p. 32, ill.

Louise Todd Ambler, Benjamin Franklin: A Perspective, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1975), pp. 36-38, 110, no. 11, ill. p. 38

Edgar John Bullard, A Panorama of American Painting: The John J. McDonough Collection, exh. cat., New Orleans Museum of Art (New Orleans, LA, 1975), p. 28

R. Peter Mooz, "Robert Feke: Portrait of Charles Willing", Worcester Art Museum Journal (Worcester, MA, 1978-1979), pp. 5-6, fig. 3

Bernard Bailyn, The Great Republic : A History of the American People, D. C. Heath and Co. (Lexington, MA, 1980), p. 218, ill.

Richard Hofstadter and Clarence Lester Ver Steeg, A People and a Nation, Harper & and Row (New York, NY, 1981), p. 70, ill.

John A. Garraty, Aaron Singer and Michael J. Gallagher, American History, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich (New York, NY, 1982), p. 84, ill.

Ronald William Clark, Benjamin Franklin: A Biography, Random House (New York, NY, 1983), p. 142

Esmond Wright, Franklin of Philadelphia, Belknap Press of Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA, 1986), ill. pp. 66-67

H. Graham Lowry, How the Nation Was Won, Executive Intelligence Review (Washington, D.C., 1987), ill. p. 334

Ormond Seavey, Becoming Benjamin Franklin: The Autobiography and the Life, Pennsylvania State University Press (University Park, PA, 1988), pp. 165, 257 (n. 18), ill. as frontispiece

Wayne Craven, "The American and British Portraits of Benjamin Franklin", ed. J. A. Leo Lemay University of Delaware (Newark, DE, 1993), pp. 249-251, 253, 255, fig. 7

Frank Lambert, "Pedlar in Divinity": George Whitefield and the Transatlantic Revivals, 1737-1770, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ, 1994), p. 98, fig. 5

Nian-Sheng Huang, Benjamin Franklin in American Thought and Culture, 1790-1990, American Philosophical Society (Philadelphia, PA, 1994), pp. 131, 132 (n. 14)

Ellen G. Miles, American Paintings of the Eighteenth Century, exh. cat., National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C, 1995), p. 102

Walter Isaacson, "Info Highwayman", Civilization, Library of Congress (Washington, D.C., March 1995), vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 48-53, pp. 48-53, ill. p. 50

R. William Weisberger, "Legacies of the Career of Benjamin Franklin and of the Radicalism of the American Revolution", Pennsylvania History (Summer 1996), vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 471-82, p. 475

John A. Garraty and Mark C. Carnes, American National Biography, 24 vols., Oxford University Press (UK) (New York and Oxford, 1999), vol. 7, p. 797

Timothy J. Shannon, Indians and Colonists at the Crossroads of Empire: The Albany Congress of 1754, Cornell University Press (Ithaca, NY, 2000), pp. 89-91, fig. 3.3

David A. Adler, B. Franklin, Printer, Holiday House Inc. (New York, NY, 2001), p. 26

Randall M. Miller and William Pencak, ed., Pennsylvania: A History of the Commonwealth, Pennsylvania State University Press (University Park, PA, 2002), ill. p. 532-33

David Waldstreicher, "The Long Arm of Benjamin Franklin", Artificial Parts, Practical Lives: Modern Histories of Prosthetics, New York University Press (New York, NY, 2002), pp. 300-326, pp. 303, 305, fig. 11.3

George Boudreau, "'Done by a Tradesman': Franklin's Educational Proposals and the Culture of Eighteenth-Century Philadelphia", Pennsylvania History (Autumn 2002), vol. 69, no.4, pp. 524-557, p. 525, ill.

Bernard Bailyn, To Begin the World Anew: The Genius and Ambiguities of the American Founders, Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. (New York, NY, 2003), pp. 69-70, fig. 41

Walter Isaacson, Benjamin Franklin: An American Life, Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. (2003), ill. no. 14

Gordon Wood, The Americanization of Benjamin Franklin, Penguin Press (New York, NY, 2004), pp. 57-58, 257 (n. 117), ill.

John T. Bethell, Richard M. Hunt and Robert Shenton, Harvard A to Z, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA, 2004), p. 277

Lester C. Olson, Benjamin Franklin's Vision of American Community: A Study in Rhetorical Iconology, University of South Carolina Press (Columbia, SC, 2004), pp. 233, 301 (n. 5)

Frank Edward Manuel, James Bowdoin and the Patriot Philosophers, American Philosophical Society (Philadelphia, PA, 2004), p. 74

Blaine McCormick, Ben Franklin, America's Original Entrepeneur. Franklin's Autobiography Adapted for Modern Times, Entrepreneur Press (Irvine, CA, 2005), p. 1, ill.

Richard S. Dunn and John C. Van Horne, Benjamin Franklin: In Search of A Better World, Yale University Press (New Haven, CT, 2005), pp. 112, 113, 116, 183, ill.

J. A. Leo Lemay, The Life of Benjamin Franklin, University of Pennsylvania Press (Philadelphia, PA, 2006), vol. 2, pp. 313, 320, 594 (n. 34), ill. as frontispiece

Tom Huntington, Ben Franklin's Philadelphia: A Guide, Stackpole Books (Mechanicsburg, PA, 2006), ill. p. 14

Linzy Brekke, "'To Make a Figure': Clothing and the Politics of Male Identity in Eighteenth-Century America", ed. John Styles Yale Center for British Art (New Haven, CT, 2006), pp. 230-231, fig. 54

Joyce Chaplin, The First Scientific American: Benjamin Franklin and the Pursuit of Genius, Basic Books (New York, NY, 2006), pp. 71, 73, 166, ill. p. 72

Stanley Finger, Doctor Franklin's Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Press (Philadelphia, PA, 2006), ill. p. 86

Ann Lee Morgan, The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists, Oxford University Press (UK) (Oxford, England, 2007), p. 154

Alan Houston, Benjamin Franklin and the Politics of Improvement, Yale University Press (New Haven, CT, 2008), ill. p. 3

George M. Marsden, A Short Life of Jonathan Edwards, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. (Grand Rapids, MI, 2008), ill. n.p.

Peter Charles Hoffer, When Benjamin Franklin Met the Reverend Whitefield: Enlightenment, Revival, and the Power of the Printed Word, The Johns Hopkins University Press (Baltimore, MD, 2011), ill. p. 37

Megan Walsh, "Benjamin Franklin's Material Cultures", A Companion to Benjamin Franklin, ed. David Waldstreicher, Wiley-Blackwell (Malden, MA, 2011), pp. 412-429, p. 412

David Pullins, "Dating and attributing the earliest portrait of Benjamin Franklin", The Burlington Magazine (December 2013), Vol. CLV, pp. 821-822, pp. 821-22, fig. 20

Theodore E. Stebbins, Jr. and Melissa Renn, American Paintings at Harvard, Volume One: Paintings, Watercolors, and Pastels by Artists Born before 1826, Yale University Press and Harvard Art Museums (Cambridge and New Haven, 2014), pp. 12, 198-99, cat. 149, ill.

Exhibition History
Benjamin Franklin and his Circle, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 05/11/1936 - 09/13/1936, 1
Loan Exhibition of Portraits, Corcoran Gallery of Art, 11/27/1937 - 03/01/1938, 135
Washington Lafayette Franklin, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 02/22/1944 - 05/28/1944, 52
Early Science at Harvard, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 12/18/1969 - 02/01/1970, 11
Philadelphia Painting to 1776, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 03/26/1971 - 04/25/1971
Benjamin Franklin: A Perspective, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/17/1975 - 09/22/1975, 11
Benjamin Franklin: In Search of a Better World, National Constitution Center, Philadelphia, 12/15/2005 - 04/30/2006; Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis, 06/08/2006 - 09/04/2006; Houston Museum of Natural Science, Houston, 10/11/2006 - 01/21/2007; Denver Museum of Nature and Science, Denver, 03/02/2007 - 05/28/2007; Atlanta History Center, Atlanta, 07/04/2007 - 10/14/2007; Musée des Arts et Métiers, F-75003 Paris, 12/04/2007 - 03/30/2008