A Study for Christ for ‘The Elevation of the Cross’

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Flemish (Siegen, Westphalia 1577 - 1640 Antwerp, Belgium)
A Study for Christ for ‘The Elevation of the Cross’, 1609-1610
17th century
Black and white chalk and charcoal on light gray antique laid paper discolored to tan
40.3 x 29.8 cm (15 7/8 x 11 3/4 in.)
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Gift of Meta and Paul J. Sachs
, 1949.3
collector's mark: verso, lower left, blue ink, stamp: L. 1442 (Joseph Daniel Böhm)
stamp: former mat, in curatorial file, black ink, stamp, French: [circular stamp with text in the center and around the circumference] [circumference] BECKETTE PART[illegible] GARE ST LAZARE [center, illegible]
watermark: Fragment of a horn
Possibly Jacob de Wit, Amsterdam, sold; [Amsterdam, De Leth and Schorrenbergh 10-11 March 1755, possibly Book C, lots 21-27]. Simon Fokke, Amsterdam, sold; [Amsterdam, Van der Schley et al., 6 December 1784, kb E, lot 401.] Dirk Versteegh, Amsterdam, sold; [De Vries et al., Amsterdam, 3 November 1823, lot 35 or lot 37]; to Samuel Woodburn (if lot 35) or De Ruiter (if lot 37). Joseph Daniel Böhm, Vienna (L. 1442, verso, lower left), sold; [Vienna, Alexander Posonyi, 4 December 1865, lot 1416], sold; to Posonyi. Werner Weisbach, Berlin. [Goudstikker, Amsterdam], sold; to Meta and Paul J. Sachs (L. 2091, without his mark), Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1922; Gift of Meta and Paul J. Sachs, 1949.3.
Sir Joshua Reynolds, The Works of Sir Joshua Reynolds, (London, England, 1809), p. 293 ff.

The Vasari Society for the Reproduction of Drawings by Old Masters, Oxford University Press (NY) and Oxford University Press (UK) (Oxford, England, 1905 - 1935), Part VIII, n.p., no. 22, repr. pl. 22

Gustav Glück, "Rubens' Kreuzaufrichtungsaltar", Belgische Kunstdenkmäler, Paul Clemen (Munich, 1923), vol. 2, pp. 161-84, p. 172

Gustav Glück and Franz Martin Haberditzl, Die Handzeichnungen von Peter Paul Rubens, Julius Bard (Berlin, Germany, 1928), cat. no. 61, p. 35, repr. pl. 61

Robert Allerton Parker, "Notes on Drawings at the Fogg Museum", The International Studio (January 1930), vol. 95, no. 392, pp. 36-40, p. 38, repr. p. 39

Gustav Glück, "Rubens' Kreuzaufrichtungsaltar", Rubens, Van Dyck, und ihr Kreis, Verlag A. Schroll & and Co., g.m.b.h. (Vienna, Italy, 1933), pp. 56-81, 381-383, pp. 70, 381 (n. e)

Master Drawings, Selected from the Museums and Private Collections of America, exh. cat., Buffalo Fine Arts Academy/Albright Art Gallery (Buffalo, NY, 1935), cat. no. 40, n.p., repr.

Fogg Art Museum Handbook, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1936), p. 150, repr.

An Exhibition of Sixty Paintings and Some Drawings by Peter Paul Rubens, exh. cat., Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, MI, 1936), cat. no. Drawings 5, n.p.

Annemarie Henle, Master Drawings: An Exhibition of Drawings from American Museums and Collections, exh. cat., Palace of Fine Arts, Golden Gate International Exposition (San Francisco, CA, 1940), cat. no. 91, p. 23, repr. p. 56, fig. 91

Agnes Mongan and Paul J. Sachs, Drawings in the Fogg Museum of Art, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA, 1940), vol. 1, cat. no. 483, pp. 250-251; vol. 2, repr. fig. 249

Palace of Fine Arts, Golden Gate International Exposition, Art: Official Catalogue, exh. cat., The Recording Printing and Publishing Company, H.S. Crocker Co., Inc. and Schwabacher-Frey Co. (San Francisco, 1940), cat. no. 490, p. 98

Hans Tietze, European Master Drawings in the United States, J. J. Augustin, Inc. (New York, NY, 1947), cat. no. 60, pp. 120-21, repr.

Jan-Albert Goris and Julius S. Held, Rubens in America, Pantheon Books (New York and Antwerp, 1947), cat. no. 104, p. 42, repr. pl. 109

A Special Exhibition of Drawings from the Fogg Museum of Art, exh. cat., Speed Memorial Museum (Louisville, KY, 1947), cat. no. 17

Fiftieth Anniversary Exhibition of the Art of Europe during the XVIth - XVIIth Centuries, exh. cat., Worcester Art Museum (1948), cat. no. 42, p. 35

Paul J. Sachs, The Pocket Book of Great Drawings, Pocket Books, Inc. (New York, NY, 1951), pp. ix, 66-67, repr. pl. 42

Werner R. Deusch, Die Aktzeichnung in der Europäischen Kunst, Brüder Auer Verlag (Bonn, 1952), cat. no. 46, p. 23, repr. p. 86, fig. 46

An Exhibition of Dutch and Flemish Drawings and Watercolors, checklist, Unpublished (1954), cat. no. 14, p. 3

Agnes Mongan, Drawings & Oil Sketches: Rubens from American Collections, exh. cat., President and Fellows of Harvard College (Cambridge, MA, 1956), cat. no. 8, pp. 14-15, repr. pl. III

Jakob Rosenberg, "Review: Rubens' Oil Sketches and Drawings in the Fogg Museum", Art Quarterly (Summer 1956), vol. 19, pp. 138-43, p. 142

Dr. Ludwig Burchard and Roger A. d'Hulst, Tekeningen van P.P. Rubens, exh. cat., Uitgeverij Ontwikkeling (Antwerp, 1956), cat. no. 34, pp. 47-48, repr. pl. XI

Arthur Millier, The drawings of Rubens, Borden Publishing Company (Los Angeles, 1957), repr. p. 42

Agnes Mongan, "The Fogg Art Museum's Collection of Drawings", Harvard Library Bulletin (Cambridge, MA, Winter 1958), XII, no.2, pp. 196-209, p. 200

Bernard Myers, ed., Encyclopedia of World Art, McGraw-Hill Book Company (New York, 1959-1987), vol. 16 (Supplement), p. 203, fig. 227

Julius S. Held, Rubens Selected Drawings, Phaidon Press (London, 1959), vol. 1, under cat. no. 76, p. 129

Masterpieces: A Memorial Exhibition for Adele R. Levy, exh. cat., Wildenstein Gallery, New York (New York, 1961), cat no. 67, repr.

Dr. Ludwig Burchard and Roger A. d'Hulst, Rubens Drawings, Arcade Press (Brussels, 1963), vol. 1, cat. no. 55, pp. 94-96, repr. vol. 2, fig. 55

Agnes Mongan, Memorial Exhibition: Works of Art from the Collection of Paul J. Sachs [1878-1965] : given and bequeathed to the Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, exh. cat., Harvard University (Cambridge, MA, 1965), cat. no. 19, n.p., repr., and p. 207

Justus Müller Hofstede, "Review: L. Burchard and R.-A. d'Hulst: Rubens Drawings", Master Drawings (1966), vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 435-454, pp. 435, 445

John Rupert Martin, Rubens: The Antwerp Altarpieces, W. W. Norton & and Company (New York, 1969), p. 42, repr. fig. 14

John Rupert Martin, "Rubens's Jupiter and Cupid: An Exhibition at Princeton", Apollo (October 1971), vol. 94, no. 116, pp. 277-79, p. 278

John Rupert Martin, ed., Rubens before 1620, exh. cat., ed. John Rupert Martin Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ, 1972), cat. no. 8, pp. 139, 160-61, repr.

Mrs. Colles Baxter Larkin, "Rubens: A Variety of Interests" (unpublished manuscript, Fogg Art Museum, 1974), no. 15, n.p.. Typewritten brochure that accompanied the exhibition of the same title at the Fogg Art Museum, 23 May - 30 June 1974.

Yuri Kuznetsov, Risunki Rubensa, Iskusstvo (Muscow, 1974), pp. 11 and 14, repr. pl. 28

Rubenism, exh. cat., Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design (Providence, RI, 1975), cat. no. 15, pp. 56-57, repr.

Curtis Carter, "Art and Religion: A Transreligious Approach", Arts in Society (Spring/Summer 1976), vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 154-78, repr. p. 162

Marianne Bernhard, ed., Rubens Handzeichnungen, Südwest Verlag GmbH & and Co. (Munich, 1977), p. 204, repr.

Konrad Oberhuber, European Master Drawings of Six Centuries from the Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, exh. cat., ed. Konrad Oberhuber National Museum of Western Art (Tokyo, Japan, 1979), cat. no. 43, n.p., repr. pl. 43

Julius S. Held, The Oil Sketches of Peter Paul Rubens, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ, 1980), vol. 1, under cat. no. 349, p. 480

Terisio Pignatti, Il Disegno da Altamira a Picasso, A. Mondadori (Milan, Italy, 1981), p. 213, repr. p. 212

Hans Kauffmann, "Formen der Begegnung in der Bildkunst von Rubens", Peter Paul Rubens: Werk und Nachraum, Wilhelm Fink (Augsburg, 1981), pp. 69-88, pp. 75, 87 (n. 14)

Nathan Goldstein, A Guide to 100 American and European Drawings: A Portfolio, Prentice-Hall (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1982), repr. pl. 96

Kristin A. Mortimer, Harvard University Art Museums: A Guide to the Collections, Harvard University Art Museums/Abbeville Press (Cambridge, MA; New York, NY, 1985), cat. no. 269, p. 231, repr.

Julius S. Held, Rubens Selected Drawings, Moyer Bell Limited (Mt. Kisco, NY, 1986), under cat. no. 55, p. 91

Catherine Whistler and Jeremy Wood, ed., Rubens in Oxford: an Exhibition of Drawings from Christ Church and the Ashmolean Museum, exh. cat., ed. Catherine Whistler and Jeremy Wood P. &, D. Colnaghi & and Co. Ltd. (London, 1988), under cat. no. 3, p. 26

Charles Scribner, III, Peter Paul Rubens, Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, 1989), p. 19, repr. fig. 26

Anne-Marie Logan, Flemish Drawings in the Age of Rubens: Selected Works from American Collections, exh. cat., University of Washington Press (Seattle, WA and London, England, 1993), cat. no. 42, pp. 30, 41, 184-5, repr. pl. 42

Elizabeth M. Kornhauser, American Paintings before 1945 in the Wadsworth Atheneum, Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven, CT, 1996), vol. 2, p. 546 (n. 6)

Ulrich Heinen, Rubens zwischen Predigt und Kunst. Der Hochaltar für die Walburgenkirche in Antwerpen, Verlag Und Datenbank Für Geisteswissenschaften (Weimar, 1996), pp. 133, 234 (n. 14), and 326 (n. 323, n. 326, n. 331, n. 332, and n. 333)

Kristin Lohse Belkin, Rubens, Phaidon (London, England, 1998), p. 128, repr. p. 130, fig. 85

J. R. Judson, Rubens The Passion of Christ, Harvey Miller/Brepols Publishers (Turnhout, Belgium, 2000), cat. no. 20c, pp. 99 100, repr. fig. 66 and p. 99, under cat. no. 20b

Will South, Color, Myth, and Music: Stanton Macdonald-Wright and Synchromism, exh. cat., North Carolina Museum of Art (Raleigh, N.C., 2001), p. 75, repr. p. 77, fig. 64

Dr. Klaus Albrecht Schröder, ed., Peter Paul Rubens, exh. cat., ed. Dr. Klaus Albrecht Schröder Albertina Museum (Vienna, 2004), pp. 61, 210, 214, cat. no. 28, repr. p. 61, fig. 39 and p. 211, kat. 28

Anne-Marie Logan and Michiel C. Plomp, Peter Paul Rubens: The Drawings, exh. cat., Metropolitan Museum of Art / Yale University Press (New York/New Haven and London, 2004), cat. no. 37, pp. 10, 25, 51, 55, 58 (n. 93), 149-151, 155 (n. 4), repr. p. 151, detail repr. frontispiece

Nathan Goldstein, Figure Drawing: The Structure, Anatomy, and Expressive Design of the Human Form [6th Edition], Prentice Hall (Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2004), p. 135, repr. fig. 4.24

Gregory Rubinstein, "[Review] Peter Paul Rubens. The Drawings", HNA Review of Books (, November, 2005)

Stephan Wolohojian, ed., Harvard Art Museum Handbook, Harvard Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 2008), p. 94, repr.

Exhibition History
Master Drawings, Selected from the Museums and Private Collections of America, Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Buffalo, 01/01/1935 - 01/31/1935, no. 40
An exhibition of sixty paintings and some drawings by Peter Paul Rubens, Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, 02/13/1936 - 03/15/1936, no. Drawings 5
Art: Official Catalogue, Palace of Fine Arts, Mexico City, 01/01/1940 - 12/31/1940, no. 490
A Special Exhibition of Drawings from the Fogg Museum of Art, Speed Memorial Museum, Louisville, KY, 03/02/1947 - 03/30/1947, no. 17
Drawings from the Fogg Museum of Art, Harvard University (Collected by Paul J. Sachs), Century Club, New York, 05/12/1947 - 09/25/1947, no cat.
Fiftieth Anniversary Exhibition of the Art of Europe during the XVIth - XVIIth Centuries, Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, 01/01/1948 - 12/31/1948, no. 42
An Exhibition of Dutch and Flemish Drawings and Watercolors, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/01/1954 - 04/30/1954, no. 14
Drawings & Oil Sketchs by P. P. Rubens from American Collections, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 01/14/1956 - 02/29/1956, no. 8; Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, 03/20/1956 - 04/28/1956, no. 8
Tekeningen van P.P. Rubens, Rubenshuis, 06/16/1956 - 09/02/1956, no. 34
Masterpieces: A Memorial Exhibition for Adele R. Levy, Wildenstein Gallery, New York, New York, 04/06/1961 - 05/07/1961, no. 67
Memorial Exhibition: Works of Art from the Collection of Paul J. Sachs [1878-1965] Given and Bequeathed to the Fogg Art Museum Harvard University Cambridge, Massachusetts, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 11/15/1965 - 01/15/1966, no. 19; Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York, 12/19/1966 - 02/26/1967, no. 19
Rubens before 1620, Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton, 01/01/1972 - 12/31/1972, no. 8
Rubens: A Variety of Interests, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 05/23/1974 - 06/30/1974, no. 15
Rubenism, David Winton Bell Gallery, Providence, 01/30/1975 - 02/23/1975, no. 15
European Master Drawings of Six Centuries from the Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 11/03/1979 - 12/16/1979, no. 43
Flemish Drawings in the Age of Rubens, Davis Museum and Cultural Center, Wellesley, 10/15/1993 - 11/28/1993, no. 42; Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, 01/04/1994 - 02/20/1994, no. 42
Calming the Tempest with Peter Paul Rubens, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 12/22/2001 - 03/17/2002, no cat.
Peter Paul Rubens: The Drawings, Albertina Museum, Vienna, 09/14/2004 - 12/05/2004, no. 28 & no. 37; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 01/15/2005 - 04/03/2005, no. 28 & no. 37