Aphrodite Adjusting Her Sandal
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
1943.1045
Title
Aphrodite Adjusting Her Sandal
Other Titles
Alternate Title: Aphrodite Adjusting Her Sandal (The Sandal Binder), replica of type created in the 3rd century BC
Classification
Sculpture
Work Type
sculpture, statuette
Date
1st century BCE-2nd century CE
Places
Creation Place: Ancient & Byzantine World
Period
Roman Imperial period
Culture
Roman
Location
Level 3, Room 3200, Ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern Art
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Physical Descriptions
Medium
Crystalline Greek marble, perhaps from Naxos
Technique
Carved
Dimensions
20.4 cm h x 14 cm w x 16.5 cm d (8 1/16 x 5 1/2 x 6 1/2 in.)
Provenance
Grenville L. Winthrop, New York, NY, (by 1943), bequest; to Fogg Art Museum, 1943.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop
Accession Year
1943
Object Number
1943.1045
Division
Asian and Mediterranean Art
Contact
am_asianmediterranean@harvard.edu
Descriptions

Published Catalogue Text: Stone Sculptures: The Greek, Roman and Etruscan Collections of the Harvard University Art Museums , written 1990
The head and top of the neck, right arm from the middle of the upper arm, right leg from the middle of the thigh, left leg from below the knee are broken away. The left arm was made separately and attached with a dowel near the shoulder. There are other minor damages and incrustation.

There are many statuettes in marble, bronze, and terracotta of the popular theme of aphrodite tying on or adjusting her sandal. The original may have been created in western Asia Minor by one Polycharmos, but Alexandria in Egypt became a center for such productions in late Hellenistic and Roman times (Brinkerhoff, 1978, chapter iv, pp. 70-97). A number of statuettes of Aphrodite adjusting her sandal have marine attributes or have been associated with shrines where sailors made dedications, hence the name Aphrodite Euploia (Huskinson, 1975, pp. 1-2, no. 2. pl. 1).
Such decorative statuettes, when complete, could also have erotic overtones, as the example in Berlin from Aigion, where the goddess leans on a terminal figure of the ithyphallic Priapos (Conze, 1891, p. 13, no. 23). These small statues and statuettes also vary in anatomical proportions, the Harvard Aphrodite being plump, while an example just over twice as large emphasizes the slenderness of the figure (Galerie Koller A. G., 1979, pp. 238-239, no. 632). The statue found at Antioch-on-the-Orontes and now in the Baltimore Museum of Art also follows the slenderer, more elongated system of proportions (Brinkerhoff, 1970, p. 38, fig. 53). Statuettes like the Winthrop-Harvard example and that in Baltimore from Antioch have been found in various states of completion on Delos (Marcdade, 1969, p. 509, pl. xlvii).

Cornelius Vermeule and Amy Brauer

Publication History

Dorothy W. Gillerman, Gridley McKim-Smith, and Joan R. Mertens, Grenville L. Winthrop: Retrospective for a Collector, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1969), p. 256 (checklist).

Cornelius C. Vermeule, III and Amy Brauer, Stone Sculptures: The Greek, Roman and Etruscan Collections of the Harvard University Art Museums, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 1990), p. 53, no. 36

Exhibition History

Hellenistic Art: Objects from an Expanded World, Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 10/03/2006 - 07/29/2007

Subjects and Contexts

Collection Highlights

Google Art Project

Verification Level

4 - Best. Object is extensively researched, well described and information is vetted