Saint Longinus
Identification and Creation
Object Number
1937.51
People
Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Italian (Naples, Italy 1598 - 1680 Rome, Italy)
Title
Saint Longinus
Classification
Sculpture
Work Type
sculpture
Date
c. 1630-31
Places
Creation Place: Europe, Italy, Lazio, Rome
Culture
Italian
Location
Level 2, Room 2520, European Art, 17th century
View this objects location on our interactive map
Physical Descriptions
Medium
Terracotta with gilding over gesso
Dimensions
52.5 x 38.2 x 17.2 cm (20 11/16 x 15 1/16 x 6 3/4 in.)
Provenance
Giovanni Piancastelli, Rome, Italy, Sold to Mrs. Edward D. Brandegee, 1905. Piancastelli was the curator of the Galleria Borghese.
Mrs. Edward D. (Mary B.) Brandegee, 1905, Sold to Fogg Art Museum, 1937.
Aquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Alpheus Hyatt Purchasing and Friends of the Fogg Art Museum Funds
Accession Year
1937
Object Number
1937.51
Division
European and American Art
Contact
am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu
Publication History

Richard Norton, Bernini and Other Studies in the History of Art, The Macmillan Company (New York, NY, 1914), p. 46, no. 2, plate XII

Irving Lavin, "The Bozzetti of Gianlorenzo Bernini" (Thesis, Harvard University, 1955), Unpublished

Rudolf Wittkower, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, the sculptor of the Roman Baroque [1st ed.], Phaidon Press (London, England, 1955), pp. 192-93, no. 28

Hans Kauffmann, "Bernini's Hl. Longinus", Miscellaneae Hertzian (Munich, Germany, 1961), 369 ff.

Howard Hibbard, Bernini, Penguin Books (Baltimore, MD, 1966), p. 82, no. 40

Irving Lavin, Bernini and the Crossing of St. Peter's, New York University Press (New York, NY, 1968), p. 36, plate 77

Hans Kauffmann, Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini: Die figurlichen Kompositionen, Gebr. Mann Verlag (Berlin, Germany, 1970), pl. 57

Yves Bonnefoy, Rome 1630: l'horizon du premier baroque, Flammarion (Paris, France, 1970)

David Bindman, European Sculpture from Bernini to Rodin, Studio Vista (London, England, 1970), p. 31

Hans Kauffmann, "Bernini's St. Longinus", Bernini in Perspective, ed. George C. Bauer, Prentice-Hall (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1976), pp. 101-107, fig. 14

Michael P. Mezzatesta, The Art of Gianlorenzo Bernini: Selected Sculpture, exh. cat., Kimbell Art Museum (Fort Worth, TX, 1982), fig. 6, note 21 fig. 2 (1998.1)

Olga Raggio, "Bernini and the Collection of Cardinal Flavio Chigi", Apollo (1983), vol. CXVII, p. 368

Elena Bianca di Gioia, "Un Bozzetto del 'San Longino' di Gian Lorenzo Bernini Ritrovato nella bottega di Francesco Antonio Fontana", Antologia di Belle Arti, F. Apolloni e M. Tazzoli (Rome, Italy, 1984), nn. 21-22, pp. 65-69

Kristin A. Mortimer, Harvard University Art Museums: A Guide to the Collections, Harvard University Art Museums/Abbeville Press (Cambridge, MA; New York, NY, 1985), cat. 145, p. 128, repr.

"Bozzetti e modelli", exh. cat., Fratelli Palombi Editori (Rome, Italy, 1986), pp. 174-175, foto 4

Catherine M. Soussloff, "Old Age and Old-Age Style in the 'Lives' of Artists: Gianlorenzo Bernini", Art Journal (1987), vol. XLVI, no. 2, p. 115, fig. 1

Rudolf Preimesberger, "Berninis Statue des Longinus in St. Peter", Antikenrezeption im Hochbarock, ed. Herbert Beck, Gebr. Mann Verlag (Berlin, Germany, 1989), p. 152

Hein-Th. Schulze Altcappenberg and Susannah Cremer-Bermbach, Facetten des Barock: Meisterzeichnungen von Gianlorenzo Bernini bis Anton Raphael Mengs aus dem Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf/Akademiesammlung, exh. cat., Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf (Düsseldorf, Germany, 1990), pp. 44-45, no. 9

Rudolf Wittkower, Bernini: The Sculptor of the Roman Baroque, Electa (Milan, Italy, 1990), pp. 250-251

Charles Scribner, III, Gianlorenzo Bernini, Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, NY, 1991), p. 18, fig. 18

Maria Giulia Barberini, Sculture in Terracotta del Barocco Romano: Bozzetti e Modelli del Museo Nazional, exh. cat., Fratelli Palombi Editori (Rome, Italy, 1991), p. 27

Yves Bonnefoy, Rome 1630: l'horizon du premier baroque, Flammarion (Paris, France, 1994), repr. p. 23 as fig. 14

Maria Giulia Barberini and Carlo Gasparri, "I bozzetti ed i modelli dei secoli XVI-XVIII della collezione di Bartolomeo Cavaceppi", exh. cat., Fratelli Palombi Editori (Rome, Italy, 1994), no. 32, p. 123; repr. as fig. 100

Charles Avery, Bernini, Genius of the Baroque, Thames & Hudson (London, England, 1997), fig. 118

Kendra Roth, ""The Technical Examination of Polychrome and Gilding Layers Applied to Two Bernini Modelli"" (thesis (certificate in conservation), Straus Center for Conservation and Technical Studies, 1997), Unpublished, pp. 1-15 passim

James Fenton, Leonardo's Nephew: Essays on Art and Artists, Viking (Penguin Books) (London, England, 1998), repr. in b/w, fig. 37

From the Sculptor's Hand: Italian Baroque Terracottas from the State Hermitage Museum, exh. cat., The Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago, IL, 1998), repr. p. 36, fig. 9

Rudolf Preimesberger, "Il San Longino del Bernini in San Pietro in Vaticano: dal bozzetto alla statua", Camera dei Deputati (Rome, Italy, 2001), repr. in color, p. 95 and p. 105, fig. 10; text p. 107

Betty Blandino, The Figure in Fired Clay, A & C Black (Publishers) Limited (London, 2001), p. 66, repr. in b/w

Elena Bianca Di Gioia, Le Collezioni di Scultura del Museo di Roma: Il Seicento, Campisano (Rome, Italy, 2002), p. 49; repr. figs. 11 & 12, p. 57

Tomaso Montanari, Grandi Scultori: Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Gruppo Editoriale L'Espresso (Rome, 2004), under no. 12, pp. 106-108

Stephan Wolohojian, ed., Harvard Art Museum Handbook, Harvard Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 2008), p. 97, repr.

C. D. Dickerson III, Tony Sigel, Ian Wardropper, Andrea Bacchi, Tomaso Montanari, and Stephen E. Ostrow, Bernini Sculpting in Clay, exh. cat. (New York, 2012)

"Bernini Bozzetti for America: Sketches by the Baroque Genius for the Fogg Art Museum", Art News, Art News (New York, NY, June 4, 1938), vol. XXXVI, pp. 11-12

Leonard Opdycke, "A Group of Models for Berninesque Sculptures", Bulletin of the Fogg Art Museum, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, March 1938), vol. VII, no. 2, p. 29, fig. 29, fig. 5

Irving Lavin, "Calculated Spontaneity: Bernini and the Terracotta Sketch", Apollo (May 1978), vol. CVII, no. 195, pp. 398-405, pp. 401-402; p. 399, plate V

Nancy Lloyd, "Fingerprints", Harvard University Art Museums Bulletin, ed. Ivan Gaskell and Henry Lie, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, Spring 1999), VI, No. 3, 119-124

Mark S. Weil, "Bernini Drawings and Bozzetti for the Ponte Sant' Angelo: A New Look", Harvard University Art Museums Bulletin, ed. Ivan Gaskell and Henry Lie, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, Spring 1999), vol. VI, no. 3, 144-150

Tony Sigel, "The Clay Modeling Techniques of Gian Lorenzo Bernini", Harvard University Art Museums Bulletin, ed. Ivan Gaskell and Henry Lie, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, Spring 1999), VI, 3, 48-72

Kendra Roth, "Decorative Coatings on the St. Longinus and St. Ambrose Modelli", Harvard University Art Museums Bulletin, ed. Ivan Gaskell and Henry Lie, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, Spring 1999), VI, no. 3, 125-127, p. 125-127. p. 125 fig. 131, p. 126 fig. 132

Eugene F. Farrell, Henry Lie, and Suzanne M. M. Young, "Clay Analysis", Harvard University Art Museums Bulletin, ed. Ivan Gaskell and Henry Lie, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, Spring 1999), VI, 3, 39-47, p. 42

Gaile Robinson, Super models. For years, a curator shaped and molded a dream exhibit: a collection of terra-cotta 'sketches' by 17th-century master sculptor Bernini, Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 1A, 4E-7E, Sunday, February 3, 2013, p. 7E, reproduced

Ann Sutherland Harris, "New Drawings by Bernini for 'St. Longinus' and Other Contemporary Works", Master Drawings (Winter 1968), vol. VI, no. 4, pp. 383-391, p. 384

Exhibition History

Unidentified Exhibition, Baltimore Museum of Art, 1940, Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, 11/22/1940 - 12/29/1940

In Memoriam: Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 08/01/1980 - 10/15/1980

Gian Lorenzo Bernini: Sketches in Clay, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 02/28/1998 - 06/30/2008

Re-View: S422-423 Western Art of the Middle Ages & Renaissance, Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 08/16/2008 - 06/18/2011

Bernini: Sculpting in Clay, Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, 02/03/2013 - 05/05/2013; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 10/03/2012 - 01/06/2013

Subjects and Contexts

Collection Highlights

Verification Level

4 - Best. Object is extensively researched, well described and information is vetted