Nocturne In Grey And Gold: Chelsea Snow
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
1943.172
People
James Abbott McNeill Whistler, American (Lowell, MA 1834 - 1903 London, England)
Title
Nocturne in Grey and Gold: Chelsea Snow
Other Titles
Former Title: Harmony in Grey and Gold
Former Title: Nocturne--Grey and Gold Snow
Former Title: Chelsea Nocturne
Classification
Paintings
Work Type
painting
Date
1876
Places
Creation Place: North America, United States
Culture
American
Physical Descriptions
Medium
Oil on canvas
Dimensions
47 x 62.2 cm (18 1/2 x 24 1/2 in.)
framed: 72.7 x 88.3 x 6.4 cm (28 5/8 x 34 3/4 x 2 1/2 in.)
Provenance
Sold by the artist to C.A. Howell, London, February 22, 1878; his sale to Alfred Chapman, Esq., 1878; his sale back to Whistler, after 1894 [through Goupil Galleries?]; his sale to John James Cowan, December 1898; Edwin Amsinck; to his wife, Antoinie Amsinck; her bequest to the Hamburger Kunsthalle, 1921; its sale to Galerie Paffrath, Dusseldorf, May 17, 1926; Barbizon House, London; Knoedler & Co., New York; Scott and Fowles, New York; their sale to Grenville Lindall Winthrop, March 1933; his bequest to the Fogg Art Museum, 1943.
Aquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop
Accession Year
1943
Object Number
1943.172
Division
European and American Art
Contact
am_europeanamerican@harvard.edu
Publication History

II Summer Exhibition, exh. cat., Grosvenor Gallery (London, England, 1878), no. 57

Exhibition of Nocturnes, Marines and Chevalet Pieces: Small Collection Kindly Lent by Their Owners, exh. cat., Goupil Gallery (London, England, 1892), no. 16

Thomas R. Way, The Art of James McNeill Whistler: An Appreciation, George Bell and Sons, Ltd. (London, England, 1903), pp. 20, 60-61

James Abbott McNeill Whistler, The Gentle Art of Making Enemies, G. P. Putnam's Sons (New York, NY, 1904), pp. 126, 307-308

Theodore Duret, Histoire de J. McN. Whistler et de son Oeuvre., Henri Floury (Paris, France, 1904), repr. opposite p. 82

[Unidentified article], Gazette des Beaux-Arts (1905), ser. 3, vol. 34, p. 239., p. 239, reproduced

Bernhard Sickert, Whistler, Duckworth & Co. (London, England, 1908), pp. 142, 145, 159

Elizabeth Robins Pennell and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, J. B. Lippincott/W. Heinemann (Philadelphia, PA and London, England, 1908), v. I, pp. 166-167

Michael Bryan, Bryan's Dictionary of Painters and Engravers, George Bell and Sons, Ltd. (London, England, 1909-1910), v. 5, p. 363

Katalog der Neuren Meister, exh. cat., Hamburger Kunsthalle (Hamburg, Germany, 1922), no. 2487, p. 243

James Laver, Whistler, Faber & Faber (London) (London, England, 1930), p. 182

Art in New England, exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (Boston, MA, 1939), p. 91

Denys Sutton, James McNeill Whistler: Paintings, Etchings, Pastels and Watercolors, Phaidon Press (London, England, 1966), p. 192, reproduced plate 80

Donald Holden, Whistler Landscapes and Seascapes, Watson-Guptill Publications (New York, NY, 1969), p. 46, reproduced p. 47

Kenyon Castle Bolton, III, Peter G. Huenink, Earl A. Powell III, Harry Z. Rand, and Nanette C. Sexton, American Art at Harvard, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1972), cat. 93, ill.

Stanley Weintraub, Whistler: A Biography, Weybright and Talley (New York, NY, 1974), pp. 140-141

Andrew McLaren Young and Margaret F. MacDonald, The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler, Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven, 1980), vol. I p. 100, no. 174, reproduced b/w vol. II, pl. 94

Pierre Cabanne, Whistler, Marshall Cavendish Ltd. (London, England, 1985), p.257, ill.

Pierre Cabanne, Whistler, Crown Publishers Inc. (New York, NY, 1985), p. 257, ill

Kristin A. Mortimer, Harvard University Art Museums: A Guide to the Collections, Harvard University Art Museums/Abbeville Press (Cambridge, MA; New York, NY, 1985), p. 185, cat. 210, ill.

Margaret F. MacDonald, James McNeill Whistler: A Reexamination, exh. cat., ed. Ruth E. Fine, National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C., 1987), mentioned p. 22

Robin Spencer, ed., Whistler: A Retrospective, Hugh Lauter Levin Associates, Inc. (New York, NY, 1989), reproduced in color pl. 49, p. 162

Timothy Anglin Burgard, American Art at Harvard: Cultures and Contexts, brochure, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 1994), p. 10, cat. 21

Christopher Newall, The Grosvenor Gallery Exhibitions: Change and Continuity in the Victorian Art World, Cambridge University Press (U.K.) (Cambridge, 1995), p. 135

Isabelle Enaud Lechien, James Whistler: Le paintre et le polémiste, ACR PocheCouleur (Paris, France, 1995), pp. 84 - 86, reproduced in color, p. 85

Linda Merrill, After Whistler: The Artist and His Influence on American Painting, exh. cat., SDZ (Belgium, 2003), page 66, repr. in color

Stephan Wolohojian, Ingres, Burne-Jones, Whistler, Renoir... La Collection Grenville L. Winthrop, exh. cat., Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon and Réunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 2003), pp. 487-88, cat. 215, ill.

Stephan Wolohojian, ed., A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art and Yale University Press (New York, NY, 2003), pp. 471-72, cat. 215, ill.

William Chapman Sharpe, New York Nocturne: The City After Dark in Literature, Painting, and Photography, 1850-1950, Princeton University Press (Princeton, NJ, 2008), pp. 95-96, fig. 2.7

Theodore E. Stebbins, Jr., Virginia Anderson, and Kimberly Orcutt, ed., American Paintings at Harvard, Volume Two, Paintings, Drawings, Pastels and Stained Glass by Artists Born 1826-1856, Harvard University Art Museums/Yale University Press (Cambridge, MA and New Haven, CT, 2008), p. 412-13, cat. no. 441, reproduced in color, p. 413

Denys Sutton, "The Victorian Scene", Apollo (November 1978), vol. CVII, reproduced in b/w p. 291, text pp. 290-291

Exhibition History

Summer Exhibition, Grosvenor Gallery, London, 05/01/1878 - 08/05/1878

Internationale Kunst-Austellung, Unknown venue, Munich, Munich, 07/01/1888 - 12/31/1888

Nocturnes, Marines and Chevalet Pieces, Goupil Gallery, London, 01/01/1892 - 12/31/1892

8th Exhibition, Société des Artistes Indépendants, Société des Artistes Indépendants, Paris, 03/19/1892 - 04/27/1892

Unidentified Exhibition, Edinburgh, 1901, [Unknown venue, Edinburgh], Edinburgh, 01/01/1901 - 12/31/1901

Unidentified Exhibition, London Academy of Art, 1930, London Academy of Art, London, 01/01/1930 - 12/31/1930

American Art at Harvard, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/19/1972 - 06/18/1972

American Art at Harvard: Cultures and Contexts, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 10/01/1994 - 12/30/1994

The Persistence of Memory: Continuity and Change in American Cultures, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 07/29/1995 - 05/13/2001

A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon, Lyon, 03/15/2003 - 05/26/2003; National Gallery, London, 06/25/2003 - 09/14/2003; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 10/23/2003 - 01/25/2004

For Students of Art and Lovers of Beauty: Highlights from the Collection of Grenville L. Winthrop, Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/16/2004

Subjects and Contexts

Collection Highlights

Verification Level

4 - Best. Object is extensively researched, well described and information is vetted