Gabrielle In A Red Dress
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Gallery Text

Renoir painted Gabrielle Renard (1879–1959) more than two hundred times. In several of the portraits, she wears the same informal, square-necked gown seen here. By 1908, she had been employed in Renoir’s household for fourteen years, as a nanny, housekeeper, model, and companion to the aging artist.

This painting’s gold and brownish-red palette, loose brushwork, and stylized, heavy forms typify Renoir’s late work; he adopted the style in response to the ancient murals of Pompeii and Herculaneum, which he had seen in Naples. His direct engagement with the classical past was greatly admired, and was seen as a modern project by many young avant-garde artists, including Picasso and Matisse. The latter visited Renoir frequently in his final years, and praised him in the highest terms: “I have always felt that recorded time holds no nobler story, no more heroic, no more magnificent achievement than that of Renoir.”

Identification and Creation
Object Number
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, French (Limoges 1841 - 1919 Cagnes)
Gabrielle in a Red Dress
Other Titles
Alternate Title: Gabrielle Renard
Work Type
Level 1, Room 1220, European Art, 19th–20th century, Collection of Maurice Wertheim, Class of 1906
View this object's location on our interactive map
Physical Descriptions
Oil on canvas
55 x 46.5 cm (21 5/8 x 18 5/16 in.)
framed: 76.3 x 66 x 8 cm (30 1/16 x 26 x 3 1/8 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • Signed: l.r.: Renoir
  • stamp: Center of stretcher, stenciled in black ink: 10
  • stamp: Center of stretcher, in black or brown ink: DOUANE / PARIS / CENTRALE
  • inscription: On stretcher, handwritten in blue crayon or chalk: 37371
  • inscription: On stretcher, handwritten in black crayon: R(?) / 17
  • inscription: On stretcher, in blue crayon: Ph.A1788
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, (1908-1919?) by descent; to his son Jean Renoir (1919). [Alfred Flechtheim, Berlin, Germany] (1927). A. Conger Goodyear, New York, (by 1931). [Paul Rosenberg, New York, NY] sold; to Maurice Wertheim, (1943-1951) bequest; to Fogg Art Museum, 1951.

Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Bequest from the Collection of Maurice Wertheim, Class of 1906
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art
Publication History

[Reproduction only], Art News, (October 29, 1927)., repr.

Renoir : Gemälde aus dem Besitze seiner Söhne und seine Skulpturen, exh. cat., Galerie Alfred Flechtheim (Berlin, Germany, 1927), repr., no. 10

[Unidentified article], Cahiers d'Art (1928), no. 2, repr., p. 51

[Unidentified article], Omnibus (1931), repr., p. 82

Manet and Renoir, exh. cat., Philadelphia Museum of Art (Philadelphia, PA, 1933), p. 18

Marc Elder, L'Atelier de Renoir, Bernheim-Jeune (Paris, France, 1935), v. II, no. 367, repr. as pl. 117

Centennial Loan Exhibition, 1841-1941, Renoir, for the benefit of the Free French Relief Committee, exh. cat., W. Bradford Press (New York, NY, 1941), repr. pl. 77

Delacroix and Renoir, exh. cat., Paul Rosenberg and Co. (New York, NY, 1948), pp. 76-77, repr. pl. 26

La Peinture Française Depuis 1870: Collection Maurice Wertheim, exh. cat., Tom Taylor (Québec, Canada, 1949), p. 63, repr. p. 64

Walter Pach, ed., Pierre Auguste Renoir, Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, NY, 1950), repr. p. 102

John Coolidge, "The Wertheim Collection", Harvard Alumni Bulletin, Harvard University (Cambridge, MA, July 7, 1951)

[Unidentified article], The Christian Science Monitor (August 6, 1951), repr.

"19th and 20th Century Art", Think (September 1952), pp. 18-19, 32. repr.

Howard Devree, "By French Masters: The Metropolitan Shows Wertheim Collection", The New York Times (New York, NY, July 6 1952), p. 6, p. 6

The Maurice Wertheim Catalogue: Modern French Art-- Monet to Picasso, exh. cat., North Carolina Museum of Art (Raleigh, NC, 1960), p. 44; repr. p. 45

The Maurice Wertheim Collection: Modern French Art-- Manet to Picasso, exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (Houston, TX, 1962), p. 44, no. 31

Elda Fezzi, L'Opera Completa di Renoir nel periodo impressionista, 1869-1883, Rizzoli Editore (Milan, Italy, 1972), p. 99, pl. 225, repr. in b/w

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, exh. cat., Maine State Museum (Augusta, ME, 1972), repr., no. 31

Vivien Raynor, "Art: Impressionist Show at the I.B.M. Gallery" [review], The New York Times (New York, NY, April 26, 1985), p. C24

John O'Brian, Degas to Matisse: the Maurice Wertheim Collection, exh. cat., Harry N. Abrams, Inc./Fogg Art Museum (New York, NY and Cambridge, MA, 1988), no. 10, pp. 64, 152; repr. in color p. 65

Edgar Peters Bowron, European Paintings Before 1900 in the Fogg Art Museum: A Summary Catalogue including Paintings in the Busch-Reisinger Museum, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 1990), p. 127; repr. as no. 409

The Maurice Wertheim Collection and Selected Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Paintings and Drawings in the Fogg Art Museum, exh. cat., Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, NY, 1990), repr. in color no. 18, p. 67

Elizabeth M. Rudy, "Researching the Wertheim Collection at the Harvard Art Museums", Collections: A Journal for Museum and Archives Professionals (Summer 2014), Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 301-6

Exhibition History

Renoir: Gemalde aus dem Besitze seiner Söhne und seine Skulpturen, Galerie Flechtheim, Berlin, 11/20/1927 - 12/22/1927

Manet and Renoir, Pennsylvania Museum of Art, Philadelphia, 12/01/1933 - 12/31/1933

Unidentified Exhibition, Museum of Modern Art, 1937, Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York, 01/01/1937 - 12/31/1937

Centennial Loan Exhibition, 1841-1941, Renoir, for the benefit of the Free Frenc, Duveen Galleries, New York, 11/08/1941 - 12/06/1941

Delacroix-Renoir, Rosenberg Gallery, New York, 01/01/1948 - 12/31/1948

La Peinture Française depuis 1870, Musée de la Province de Quebec, 07/12/1949 - 08/07/1949

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 07/01/1952 - 09/14/1952

French Paintings Since 1870 from the Maurice Wertheim Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 06/01/1953 - 09/30/1953

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, 06/15/1957 - 09/15/1957

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, 06/10/1958 - 08/31/1958

The Maurice Wertheim Collection: Modern French Art--Monet to Picasso, North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, 06/17/1960 - 09/04/1960

The Maurice Wertheim Collection: Manet to Picasso, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Houston, 06/13/1962 - 09/02/1962

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, 06/20/1963 - 09/01/1963

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Currier Museum of Art, Manchester, 06/24/1965 - 09/07/1965

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Rhode Island School of Design, Museum of Art, Providence, 09/03/1968 - 09/22/1968

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Montgomery Museum of Art, Montgomery, 06/01/1971 - 09/30/1971

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Maine State Museum, Augusta, 06/01/1972 - 09/01/1972

Manet to Matisse: The Maurice Wertheim Collection, IBM Gallery of Science and Art, New York, 04/09/1985 - 05/25/1985

The Maurice Wertheim Collection and Selected Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Paintings and Drawings in the Fogg Art Museum, Isetan Department Store, Tokyo, 03/01/1990 - 04/10/1990; Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 04/14/1990 - 05/13/1990

Re-View: S427 Impressionist & Postimpressionist Art, Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 08/02/2008 - 06/18/2011

32Q: 1220 Wertheim, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 02/13/2015

Subjects and Contexts

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