Chanteuse De Café
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
Hilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas, French (Paris, France 1834 - 1917 Paris, France)
Chanteuse de Café
Other Titles
Alternate Title: Café Singer / Singer with a Glove / Chanteuse au Gant
Work Type
c. 1878
Physical Descriptions
Pastel on canvas
53.2 x 41 cm (20 15/16 x 16 1/8 in.)
framed: 86.8 x 74.7 x 9.5 cm (34 3/16 x 29 7/16 x 3 3/4 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • Signed: red pastel, u.l.: Degas
Hilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas, 1878, sold; to Camille Groult, Paris (1879), by descent; to the Groult family (1947), sold; [through César M. de Hauke] to Dr. Fritz Heer, Zurich, sold; [through Thannhauser Gallery and César M. de Hauke, New York, 1948] to Maurice Wertheim (1949-1951), bequest; to Fogg Art Museum, 1951.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Bequest from the Collection of Maurice Wertheim, Class of 1906
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art
Publication History

4e Exposition faite par un groupe d'artistes indépendants, exh. cat., 28 av. del l'opera (Paris, France, 1879), no. 70

Paul André Lemoisne, Degas et son Oeuvre, Paul Brame and Cesar M. de Hauke (Paris, France, 1946-1949), v. II, no. 478 bis, p. 263 bis. repr.

Rodolfo Pallucchini, Gli impressionisti alla XXIV biennale di Venezia, D. Guarnati (Venice, Italy, 1948), no. 67

La Peinture Française Depuis 1870: Collection Maurice Wertheim, exh. cat., Tom Taylor (Québec, Canada, 1949), no. 7, pp. 20-22

A Collector's Exhibition: Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Masterpieces from the Collections of Members of the Advisory Committee of the Institute of Fine Arts., exh. cat., Knoedler & Co. Inc. (New York, NY, 1950), foreword, no. 6

Daniel Catton Rich, Edgar-Hilaire-Germain Degas, Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, NY, 1951), p. 68

Charles McMurdy, Pictorial Guide to Modern Art, Macmillan and Co. (New York, NY, 1956), repr.

The Maurice Wertheim Catalogue: Modern French Art-- Monet to Picasso, exh. cat., North Carolina Museum of Art (Raleigh, NC, 1960), p. 10, repr. p. 11

Masterpieces: loan exhibition of paintings and drawings. A memorial exhibition for Adele R. Levy; benefit of the Citizens' Committee for Children of New York, Inc., exh. cat., Wildenstein Gallery, New York (New York, NY, 1961), no. 36, repr.

The Maurice Wertheim Collection: Modern French Art-- Manet to Picasso, exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (Houston, TX, 1962), p. 16

Frank Jacoby and Sy Reit, Canvas Confidential, Dial Press (New York, NY, 1962), repr.

Jacques Lassaigne, Toulouse-Lautrec e la Parigi dei Cabarets, Fratelli Fabbri Editori (Milan, Italy, 1969), repr. in color

Franco Russoli and Fiorella Minervino, L'opera completa di Degas, Rizzoli Editore (Milan, Italy, 1970), repr. in color tav. XLI

Maria Blunden and Godfrey Blunden, Impressionists and Impressionism, Skira Books (Geneva, Switzerland, 1971), repr. in color p. 150

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, exh. cat., Maine State Museum (Augusta, ME, 1972), no. 4

Alice Bellony-Rewald, The Lost World of the Impressionists, Weidenfeld & Nicolson (London, England, 1976), repr. p. 179

Ian Dunlop, Degas, Harper & Row (New York, NY, 1979), pp. 151, repr. p. 153 as color plate 143

Degas, 1879, exh. cat., National Gallery of Scotland (Edinburgh, Scotland, 1979), pp. 30-31

Diane Kelder, The Great Book of French Impressionism, Abbeville Press (New York, NY, 1980), repr. in b/w p. 287

John Russell, The Meanings of Modern Art, Harper & Row (New York, NY, 1981), repr. in color p. 21

Yann Le Pichon, Les Peintres du Bonheur, Robert Laffont (Paris, France, 1983), repr. in b/w p. 150

Geneviève Monnier, Pastels: From the 16th to the 20th Century, Skira/Rizzoli (New York, NY, 1984), repr. in color p. 51

Götz Adriani, Edgar Degas: Pastelle, Ölskizzen, Zeichnungen, exh. cat., DuMont Buchverlag (Köln, Germany, 1984), no. 126, p. 371

R. Mc Mullen, Degas: His Life, Times, and Work (Boston, MA, 1984), pp. 314, 315, repr. p. 325

Richard R. Brettell and Suzanne Folds McCullough, Degas in the Art Institute of Chicago, exh. cat., The Art Institute of Chicago/Harry N. Abrams (Chicago, IL and New York, NY, 1984), repr. in b/w fig. 38-2, p. 89

T. J. Clark, The Painting of Modern Life: Paris in the Art of Manet and His Followers (New York, NY, 1984), pp. 220-221, repr.

Elizabeth Deighton, ed., Looking into Paintings, The Open University/Faber and Faber (London, England, 1985), repr. in b/w fig. 64

Charles S. Moffett, The New Painting: Impressionism, 1874-1886, exh. cat., R. Burton (Geneva, Switzerland, 1986), p. 257

Melissa McQuillan, Impressionist Portraits, Little, Brown & Company (Boston, MA, 1986), repr. in color p. 143 and text

Denys Sutton, Edgar Degas, Life and Work, Rizzoli (New York, NY, 1986), repr. in color pl. 209

Richard Kendall, ed., Degas by himself: Drawings, Prints, Paintings, Writings, Macdonald Orbis (London, England, 1987), repr. in color p. 172

Bernard Denvir, The Impressionists at First Hand, Thames & Hudson (London, England, 1987), repr. in b/w p. 121

John O'Brian, Degas to Matisse: the Maurice Wertheim Collection, exh. cat., Harry N. Abrams, Inc./Fogg Art Museum (New York, NY and Cambridge, MA, 1988), no. 3, pp. 42-44, repr. in color p. 43

Denis Rouart, Degas in Search of His Technique, Skira/Rizzoli (New York, NY, 1988), repr. in color p. 22

Jacques Lassaigne, Tout l'oeuvre peint de Degas, Flammarion (Paris, France, 1988), repr. in color as plate XLI

Robert Gordon and Andrew Forge, Degas, Thames & Hudson (London, England, 1988), repr. in color p. 115

Robert L. Herbert, Impressionism: Art, Leisure, and Parisian Society, Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven, CT and London, England, 1988), repr. in color pl. 88, p. 90; text p. 91

Richard R. Brettell, The Art of Paul Gauguin, exh. cat., National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C, 1988), repr. in b/w p. 23

Françoise Cachin, Gauguin: "ce malgre moi de sauvage", Découvertes Gallimard (Paris, France, 1989), repr. in color p. 19

Edward Lucie-Smith, Impressionist Women, Weidenfeld & Nicolson (London, England, 1989), repr. in color fig. 110, p. 124

The Maurice Wertheim Collection and Selected Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Paintings and Drawings in the Fogg Art Museum, exh. cat., Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, NY, 1990), repr. in color no. 15, p. 61 and cover (detail)

Frank Milner, Degas, Bison Group (London, England, 1990), repr. in color p. 129; text p. 128

Edgar Peters Bowron, European Paintings Before 1900 in the Fogg Art Museum: A Summary Catalogue including Paintings in the Busch-Reisinger Museum, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 1990), p. 105; repr. as no. 333

Nobuo Abe, The Great History of Art: Impressionism (Tokyo, Japan, 1990 - 1991), repr. in color p. 84

Hilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas, Degas by Degas, ed. Rachel Barnes (Tokyo, Japan, 1990?), repr. in color opposite p. 50

Nicholas Wadley, Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Drawing, Dutton Studio Books, New York (New York, NY, 1991), repr. in b/w as fig. 19b, p. 120

Jean-Louis Ferrier, ed., L'Aventure de l'Art au XIXe Siecle, Chene-Hachette (Paris, France, 1991), repr. in color p. 685

Bernd Growe, Edgar Degas, 1834-1917, Benedikt Taschen Verlag (Köln, Germany, 1991), repr. in color p. 56

Carol Armstrong, Odd Man Out: Readings of the Work and Reputation of Edgar Degas, University of Chicago Press (Chicago, IL and London, England, 1991), repr. in b/w fig. 21, p. 48; text p. 46

The Canvas Seeks the Light, Kodansha (Tokyo, Japan, 1992), repr. in color fig. 3-32, p. 65

Diana Dethloff, ed., Drawings: Masters and Methods: Raphael to Redon, Philip Wilson Publishers / Royal Academy of Arts (London, England, 1992), repr. in b/w p. 169

Ingo F. Walther, Malerei des Impressionismus, 1860-1920, Benedikt Taschen Verlag (Köln, Germany, 1992), repr. in color p. 180

Jean Sutherland Boggs and Anne Maheux, Degas Pastels, George Braziller (New York, NY, 1992), repr. in color no. 17, p. 72

Degas, Fenice 2000 (Milan, Italy, 1994), repr. in color, fig. 32, p. 61

Jean Sutherland Boggs, Degas, exh. cat., The Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago, IL, 1996), p. 39

Lillian Schacherl, Edgar Degas: Dancers and Nudes, Prestel (Munich, Germany and New York, NY, 1997), p. 70, repr. in color

Judith A. Barter, Mary Cassatt: Modern Woman, exh. cat., The Art Institute of Chicago/Harry N. Abrams (Chicago, IL and New York, NY, 1998), pp. 112-113

Linda Hutcheon and Michael Hutcheon, Bodily Charm: Living Opera, University of Nebraska Press (Lincoln, NE, 2000), repr. on cover

Ann Dumas and David A. Brenneman, Degas and America: The Early Collectors, exh. cat., High Museum of Art/MInneapolis Institute of Arts/Rizzoli (New York, NY, 2001), p. 30

Ann Dumas, Degas e gli Italiani a Parigi, exh. cat., Ferrara Arte SpA (Ferrara, Italy, 2003), p. 274, repr. in b/w as fig. 108

Peter Schmunk, "What Did Van Gogh Hear?: Vibrations, Wagner, and Voices", Aural Cultures, YYZ Books (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 2004), pp. 37-47, p. 45; repr. p. 43 as fig. 3

Lawrence Kramer, Opera and Modern Culture: Wagner and Strauss, University of California Press (Berkeley, CA, 2004), pp. 221-224, repr. in b/w as fig. 7; repr. in color on cover

Maria Teresa Benedetti, ed., Degas Classico e Moderno, exh. cat., Skira (Milan, Italy, 2004), p. 23; repr. in b/w p. 25 as fig. 14

Marjorie B. Cohn and Jean Sutherland Boggs, Degas at Harvard, exh. cat., Harvard University Art Museums/Yale University Press (Cambridge MA / New Haven CT, 2005), pp. 58-60, repr. in color as fig. 31; no. 7, p. 98

Richard R. Brettell and Anne-Birgitte Fonsmark, Gauguin and Impressionism, exh. cat., Kimbell Art Museum / Ordrupgaard (Fort Worth TX / Copenhagen, 2005), pp. 136-137, repr. in color as fig. 97

Ruth Iskin, Modern Women and Parisian Consumer Culture in Impressionist Painting, Cambridge University Press (U.S.) (Cambridge, England, 2006), pp. 8-10, repr. in b/w as fig. 3

Elizabeth Cowling and Richard Kendall, Picasso Looks at Degas, exh. cat., Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute (Williamstown, MA, 2010), fig. 41

Laure-Marie Stasi, Camille Groult (Paris 1832-1908 Paris): "le rose de Boucher et le rouge de Reynolds", Emile Wen Editions (Villejuif, 2013)

Oeuvres sur papier du XVIe au XXe siècle / Works on Paper from the 16th to the 20th Century, auct. cat., Boquet & Marty de Cambiaire Fine Art (Paris, 2013), pp. 70, 114, repr. p. 70 as fig. 1

[Reproduction only], "Spring Museum Preview", The Boston Globe, (April 10 2005)., p. N6, repr.

L. Leroy, "Fine Arts", Le Charivari (April 17, 1879), L 478 bis

Michael Shapiro, "Degas and the Siamese Twins of the Café-Concert: the Ambassadeurs and the Alcazar d'Eté", Gazette des Beaux-Arts (April 1980), vol. XCV, pps. 161-162, 164, no. 28

Shelley Fletcher and Pia Desantis, "Degas: the search for his technique continues", The Burlington Magazine (April 1989), vol. 131, fig. 7, p. 261, and text pp. 260-261

Carolyn V. Marsden, "Making an Impression", Boston (August 2005), p. 34, repr. p. 34

"Expositions", Journal Français (August 2005), repr.

"Fanfair: 31 Things to Do in August", Vanity Fair (August 2005), p. 68, repr. p. 68

"Distinguished Collection of Degas Masterworks Opens", website, August 4 2005, repr.

Holland Cotter, "Degas, Director: An Easel Becomes a Stage", The New York Times (August 5 2005), pp. B25, B27, p. B27; repr. p. B25

Jon Garelick, "Abstract Thoughts: The Transitional and Transcendent Art of Edgar Degas at the Sackler Museum", The Boston Phoenix (August 5 2005), p. 18, p. 18, repr., and repr. on front of Arts section

Bob Jackman, "Shades of Degas", The Patriot Ledger (August 6 2005-August 7 2005), pp. 39-40, repr. p. 39

Richard Kendall, "Degas", The Burlington Magazine (December 2005), CXLVII, pp. 847-848, p. 847, repr.

[Unidentified article], The New York Times (New York, NY, February 12, 1950), repr.

Pia Desantis, "Study of the Five Degas Pastels in the Fogg Art Museum" (thesis (certificate in conservation), Straus Center for Conservation and Technical Studies, July 1985), Unpublished, pp. 1-94 passim

Christopher Reed, "Mad for Degas", Harvard Magazine (July 2005 - August 2005), vol. 107, no. 6, pp. 40-45, p. 45, ill. and on cover

Randi Hopkins, "Women in Tights (and Towels)", The Boston Phoenix (July 22 2005), p. 23, ill. p. 23

"'Degas at Harvard' Opens Aug. 1 Alfred M. Sackler Museum", Antiques and the Arts Weekly (July 22, 2005), p. 59, repr. p. 59

Howard Devree, "By French Masters: The Metropolitan Shows Wertheim Collection", The New York Times (New York, NY, July 6 1952), p. 6, p. 6, repr.

Carlyle Burrows, "Art: Wertheim Collection Shown at the Metropolitan", New York Herald Tribune (New York, NY, July 6, 1952), repr.

Howard Devree, "By French Masters: Memorable Loan Show in Philadelphia", The New York Times (New York, NY, July 7 1957), p. 70, p. 70

[Unidentified article], Fortune [magazine] (June 1950), repr. p. 102

John Coolidge, "Maurice and Cecile Wertheim", Fogg Art Museum Newsletter, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, March 1975), p. 1

Alfred Nemeczek, "Edgar Degas: Malerei um jeden preis", Art [Das Kunstmagazin] (March 1988), no. 3, repr. in color p. 42

Keith Powers, "Degas exhibit at Harvard makes a big impression", The Boston Herald (October 12 2005), ill.

Keith Powers, "Degas Vu", Cambridge Chronicle (October 20 2005), p. 17, repr. p. 17

Greil Marcus, "The Dance That Everybody Forgot", New Formations (Summer 1987), vol. I, no. 2, pp. 37-78, fig. I

Elizabeth M. Rudy, "Researching the Wertheim Collection at the Harvard Art Museums", Collections: A Journal for Museum and Archives Professionals (Summer 2014), Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 301-6

Exhibition History

4e Exposition des Impressionistes, 28 Avenue de l'Opera, Paris, 01/01/1879 - 12/31/1879

Gli Impressionisti, Biennale de Venezia, [Unknown venue, Venice], Venice, 01/01/1948 - 12/31/1948

La Peinture Française depuis 1870, Musée de la Province de Quebec, 07/12/1949 - 08/07/1949

A Collector's Exhibition, M. Knoedler & Co., Newport, 02/06/1950 - 02/25/1950

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 07/01/1952 - 09/14/1952

French Paintings Since 1870 from the Maurice Wertheim Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 06/01/1953 - 09/30/1953

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, 06/15/1957 - 09/15/1957

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, 06/10/1958 - 08/31/1958

The Maurice Wertheim Collection: Modern French Art--Monet to Picasso, North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, 06/17/1960 - 09/04/1960

Masterpieces: A Memorial Exhibition for Adele R. Levy, Wildenstein Gallery, New York, New York, 04/06/1961 - 05/07/1961

The Maurice Wertheim Collection: Manet to Picasso, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Houston, 06/13/1962 - 09/02/1962

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, 06/20/1963 - 09/01/1963

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Currier Museum of Art, Manchester, 06/24/1965 - 09/07/1965

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Rhode Island School of Design, Museum of Art, Providence, 09/03/1968 - 09/22/1968

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Montgomery Museum of Art, Montgomery, 06/01/1971 - 09/30/1971

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Maine State Museum, Augusta, 06/01/1972 - 09/01/1972

Manet to Matisse: The Maurice Wertheim Collection, IBM Gallery of Science and Art, New York, 04/09/1985 - 05/25/1985

The Maurice Wertheim Collection and Selected Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Paintings and Drawings in the Fogg Art Museum, Isetan Department Store, Tokyo, 03/01/1990 - 04/10/1990; Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 04/14/1990 - 05/13/1990

Degas at Harvard, Harvard University Art Museums, Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 08/01/2005 - 11/27/2005

32Q: 1220 Wertheim, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 10/05/2016 - 01/03/2017

Verification Level

4 - Best. Object is extensively researched, well described and information is vetted