Tile Panel With Decoration Of Composite Flowers And Serrated Leaves
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
1960.17
Title
Tile Panel with Decoration of Composite Flowers and Serrated Leaves
Classification
Architectural Elements
Work Type
architectural element
Date
c. 1570
Places
Creation Place: Middle East, Turkey, Iznik
Period
Ottoman period
Culture
Ottoman
Location
Level 2, Room 2550, Art from Islamic Lands
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Physical Descriptions
Medium
Underglaze painted composite body
Technique
Underglazed, painted
Dimensions
39.3 x 67.5 x 2.5 cm (15 1/2 x 26 9/16 x 1 in.)
Provenance
John Goelet, New York, NY, (by 1960), gift; to Fogg Art Museum, 1960.
Aquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Gift of John Goelet
Accession Year
1960
Object Number
1960.17
Division
Asian and Mediterranean Art
Contact
am_asianmediterranean@harvard.edu
Descriptions

Label Text: Arabesque, written 1990
Tile panel
Turkey, Ottoman, Iznik, 2nd half 16th century
Underglaze painted fritware
Gift of John Goelet
1960.17

Label Text: Pattern and Purpose. Decorative Arts of Islam., written 1994
Tile Panel
Turkey, Ottoman, Iznik, 2nd half 16th century
Underglaze painted composite body
Gift of John Goelet
1960.17

Label Text: Woven, Hammered, and Thrown: Textiles and Objects from the Islamic World, written 1991
Tile panel
Turkey, Ottoman, Iznik, 2nd half 16th century
Underglaze painted fritware
Gift of John Goelet
1960.17

Label Text: A Grand Legacy: Arts of the Ottoman Empire, written 1999
Tile Panel with Saz Decoration of Compound Flowers and Leafy Branches
Turkey, Iznik, Ottoman period, c. 1570-80
Fritware with underglaze-painted decoration
Gift of John Goelet
1960.17

Label Text: The Enlightened Eye: Gifts from John Goelet, written 2000
Tile Panel with Pattern of Pomegranates and Saz Leaves
Turkey, Iznik, Ottoman period, c. 1570-80
Fritware with underglaze-painted decoration
Gif t of John Goelet, 1960.17

Rectangular Tile with Pattern of Cloud Bands, Lotus, and Spiraling Leaves
Turkey, Iznik, mid-16th century
Fritware with underglaze-painted decoration
Gift of John Goelet, 1960.18

Hexagonal Tile with Pattern of Rosette, Lotus, and [Interlacement? or Interlaced whatevers? "interlace" is not a noun]
Turkey, Iznik, c. 1530
Fritware with underglaze-painted decoration
Gift of John Goelet, 1960.19

Hexagonal Tile with Floral Pattern
Turkey, Iznik, c. 1530
Fritware with underglaze-painted decoration
Gift of John Goelet, 1960.102

Rectangular Border Tile with Interlacing Split-Leaf Pattern
Turkey, Iznik, late 16th century
Fritware with underglaze-painted decoration
Gift of John Goelet, 1960.20

Octagonal Tile Panel with Pattern of Pomegranates and Split-Leaves
Turkey, Iznik, Ottoman period, mid-16th century
Fritware with underglaze-painted decoration
Gif t of John Goelet, 1960.24

The importance of surface decoration in Islamic architecture drove the development of a vibrant and long-lived tradition of tile making. Of ten working under court patronage, potters rose to the challenge of providing buildings with radiant colors and intricate designs. They achieved this task by providing the decorative styles of their time with innovations in ceramic material, coloring agents, glazes, and firing techniques, yielding a bold artistic expression and vividly transforming the appearance of architectural interiors and exteriors.
One of the most brilliant periods in the history of the ceramic industry of the Islamic world took place in Ottoman Turkey in the town of Iznik in the late fifteenth to late sixteenth centuries. The potters of Iznik brought to perfection the technique of painting in vibrant colors under a clear glaze. Tiles were produced on a mass scale in Iznik to supply the vast demand created by sixteenth-century imperial architectural projects.
Originally imitating Chinese floral styles in blue and white, by the mid-sixteenth century, a distinctly Ottoman floral style had emerged that was characterized by prominent lotus flowers and intertwining serrated­ edge leaves known as saz. The rectangular tile 1960.18 exemplifies the high point of this stylistic development, in which saz leaves and lotus blossoms combine with Chinese-style cloud bands. Another innovation of Iznik ceramics is the addition of an emphatic red pigment that stands out boldly, thanks to its thick application under the transparent glaze. [draft]

Label Text: Objects from the Islamic World, written 1986
Tile
With central rosette and spirally radiating leaf-scroll
Turkey, Ottoman, Iznik
Late 16th century
Glazed ceramic
Gift of John Goelet 1960.17

Label Text: Overlapping Realms: Arts of the Islamic World and India, 900-1900, written 2007
Tile with Palmette Blossoms, Flowers, and Serrated Leaves
Turkey, Iznik, c. 1570–1580
Fritware with underglaze painting
Gift of John Goelet
1960.17

Publication History

Walter B. Denny and Aileen Ribeiro, Court and Conquest: Ottoman Origins and the Design for Handel's Tamerlano at the Glimmerglass Opera, exh. cat., Kent State University Museum (Kent State, OH, 1999), page 38/figure 36

Stephan Wolohojian, ed., Harvard Art Museum Handbook, Harvard Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 2008), p. 84

Middle East Studies Association Bulletin, Middle East Studies Association Bulletin, 1, July 1983, Pg. 1

Exhibition History

Arabesque, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 12/01/1990 - 03/24/1991

Woven, Hammered, and Thrown: Textiles and Objects from the Islamic World, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 06/22/1991 - 08/18/1991

Pattern and Purpose. Decorative Arts of Islam., Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 02/19/1994 - 07/03/1994

Court and Conquests, Ottoman Origins and the Designs for Handel's "Tamerlano" at the Glimmerglass Opera, Kent State University Museum, Kent, 02/17/1999 - 04/25/1999; Equitable Gallery, New York, 11/18/1998 - 01/23/1999

A Grand Legacy: Arts of the Ottoman Empire, Harvard University Art Museums, Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 10/09/1999 - 01/02/2000

The Enlightened Eye: Gifts from John Goelet, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 02/12/2000 - 05/07/2000

Overlapping Realms: Arts of the Islamic World and India, 900-1900, Harvard University Art Museums, Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 12/02/2006 - 03/23/2008

Subjects and Contexts

Collection Highlights

Verification Level

3 - Good. Object is well described and information is vetted