Fans On A Stream In A Landscape (Ogi Nagashi Byôbu)
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
1995.822
People
School of Tawaraya Sôtatsu, Japanese (Noto Province active Noto Province, ? - 1643?, Kaga Province Kaga Province)
Title
Fans on a Stream in a Landscape (Ogi nagashi byôbu)
Other Titles
Transliterated Title: Ogi nagashi byôbu
Classification
Paintings
Work Type
painting, screen
Date
Mid Edo period, 18th century
Places
Creation Place: East Asia, Japan
Period
Edo period, Middle, 1704-1789
Culture
Japanese
Physical Descriptions
Medium
Six-panel folding screen; ink, colors and gold- and silver-leaf on paper
Dimensions
H.155.9 x W. 348.4 cm (61 3/8 x 137 3/16 in.)
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Ernest B. and Helen Pratt Dane Fund for the Acquisition of Oriental Art
Accession Year
1995
Object Number
1995.822
Division
Asian and Mediterranean Art
Contact
am_asianmediterranean@harvard.edu
Descriptions
Description
This six-panel screen depicts a scene in which a variety of folding fans fall into a stream, the fully decorated fans appearing against the gold and now-tarnished silver background. A wide range of subjects--flowers, figures, animals, waves, and abstract designs--are depicted on the fans; a scene from the Ukifune chapter of the 'Tale of Genji' appears on one fan, for example, while another, at the screen's right edge, shows the moon rising over autumn grasses, the same subject that embellishes the covers of the lacquer boxes nearby. The total effect is one of astonishing brilliance and visual appeal.
Painted by a Rimpa artist, this screen represents a type termed "ogi nagashi byobu" in Japanese, that is, "a screen with floating fans." The type originated in the Muromachi period (1393-1602), when it soared in popularity. Although the oldest extant floating-fan screen was painted in the sixteenth century, literary sources record its existence a hundred years earlier.The inspiration for the subject is said to be a tale in which a breeze whisked a fan from the hand of a person crossing the Tôgetsukyô Bridge at Arashiyama, in Kyoto, and dashed it into the river below; charmed by the sight of waves bearing a fan, passersby tossed their own fans into the river to enlarge the scene.The folding fan's lunette shape had long attracted the attention of painters, who found it a challenge to create a composition appropriate to the shape. Although many earlier artists had decorated fans with attractive designs, Sôtatsu (active, late 16th-first half 17th century), the initiator of the Rimpa style, vitalized painting on fan-shaped surfaces by employing a wide array of subjects and by arranging them in witty compositions. The fan shape subsequently became a favored format of Rimpa-school painters.
Exhibition History

Art of the Fan: China, Korea, Japan, Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 04/15/1995 - 10/08/1995

Re-View: S228-230 (Asian rotation: 7) Art of the Fan: China, Korea, Japan, Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 11/18/2011 - 05/05/2012

Subjects and Contexts

Collection Highlights

Verification Level

0 - Unchecked. Object information has not been verified for completeness and has not been vetted